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雅思基础听力7-1-4

2020-04-08

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雅思基础听力7-1-4

Questions 31-35

Complete the notes below .

Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer .

 

SEMINAR ON ROCK ART

 

Preparation for fieldwork trip to Namibia in 31........

Rock art in Namibia may be

·paintings

·engravings

Earllest explanation of engravings of animal footprints

They were used to help 32 ........

 

But

·Why are the tracks usually 33.........

Why are some engravings realistic and others unrealistic?

·Why are the unrealistic animals sometimes half 34.........

More recent explanation:

Wise men may have been trying to control wild animals with 35.........Comment:

Earlier explanation was due to scholars over-generalising from their experience of a different culture.

 

Questions 36-40

Complete the sentences below.

Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.

 

36 If you look at a site from a..........

37 To camp on a site may be disrespectful to people from that...........

38 Undiscovered material may be damaged by............

.39 You should avoid.........

.40 In general, your aim is to leave the site.........

 

31. First in this seminar, I'm going to give a brief introduction to contemporary research on rock art, and in the second part I'm going to give you some do's and don'ts for our fieldwork trip in April-so please listen very carefully.

危丁解牛:这是由andso连接的三个简单句组成的并列复合句。

技巧点拨:题目中的关键词fieldwork trip in在本句录音中重现,后面的April是答案。

参考译文:首先,在这次会上,我准备给大家简单介绍一下当代对岩石艺术的研究。然后在第二部分,我会给你们说一些该做和不该做的事情,为我们4月份的野外实地调查做准备。所以请大家认真听。

 

32. Many of the engravings show footprints of animals and most scholars used to think that the purpose of these was simple and obvious: this rock art was like a school book with pictures to teach children about tracks: which track belonged to which animal-giraffe,lion and so on.

危丁解牛:这是由and和两个冒号连接的四个句子组成的并列复合句,and前是简单句;and和第一个冒号之间是主从复合句,that引导的是宾语从句;两个冒号后面的句子都是简单句;破折号后面的内容是对which animal的列举。

难点提示:题目中问题的结构是help sb.learn,录音中的表达句式是teach sb.。本题考查推理能力。

技巧点拨:根据题目中的help_learn about tracking,可预知此处要填的是表示人的词。另外,题目中的关键词engravings of animal footprints在本句录音中重现,后面听到了teach children about tracks,所以答案是children

参考译文:许多雕刻展示了动物的脚印,大部分学者过去常常认为这些目的很简单明显,这个岩石艺术就像学校里带图片的书,教孩子们关于足迹,哪种足迹属于

哪种动物——长颈鹿、狮子等。

 

33. But there were some mysteries. First, when you look at a typical Namibian painting or engraving, you see the tracks are repeated, there are dozens of tracks for the same animal.

危丁解牛:第一个句子是简单句。第二个句子是由两个句子组成的并列复合句,即

(1)First,when you look at a typical Namibian painting or engraving,you see the tracks are repeated,(2) there are dozens of tracks for the same animal.第一个句子是主从复合句,when引导的是时间状语从句;第二个句子是简单句

难点提示:题目中的关键词Why在录音中的表达是mysteries(神秘的事物),二者表达的意思相同。本题考查推理能力。

技巧点拨:题目中的关键词are the tracks在本句录音中重现,当听到the tracks are repeated时,可以确定repeated是答案

参考译文:但是,这里有许多神秘的事物。首先,当你看到一个典型的纳米比亚的油画或者雕刻时,你可以看见足迹是重复的,同一动物有许多的足迹。

 

34. And another mystery-some of these unrealistic animals-that's in the engravings-seem to be half human

厄丁解牛:这是一个主从复合句。that's in the engravings是非限定性定语从句,修饰these unrealistic animals。第一个破折号后面的句子都是对another mystery的解释。

难点提示:题目中的关键词Why在录音中的表达还是mystery

技巧点拨:题目中的关键词unrealistic animalshalf在本句录音中重现,后面的human是答案。

参考译文:另外一件神秘的事是,雕刻中的非现实动物当中的一些看起来有些像人类。

 

35. They believed they could use magic to control the animals. they had drawn, so the hunters could then catch them for food.

危丁解牛:这是由连词so连接的两个句子组成的并列复合句。so前面是主从复合句,believed后面是宾语从句,其中they had drawn是定语从句,修饰the animals;so后面是一个简单句。

难点提示:题目中横线前的关键词with在录音中被替换成use。另外,题目中的关键词controlanimals在本句录音中重现,而答案在此之前出现,即答案前置。

技巧点拨:题目是:control wild animals with____(用……控制野生动物),这样当听到use magic to control the animals时,即可确定magic是答案。

参考译文:他们相信他们能用魔法控制他们所画的动物,这样猎人们才能捕获它们当食物。

 

36. Whenever you do go to a site, don't forget you can learn many things from observing at a distance instead of walking all over it.

厄丁解牛:这是一个主从复合句。主句是祈使句don't forget,Whenever引导的是时间状语从句,forget后是宾语从句。observing at a distancewalking all over it是由instead of连接的两个表示对比的并列成分。

难点提示:题目中的关键词lookat在录音中被替换成observing at

技巧点拨:预读时要抓住题目中的look at sites from a——,所以当听到observing at a distance时,即可确定distance是答案

参考译文:无论何时你来到一处遗址,不要忘记你在远处观察就可以学到很多东西,而不是在上面到处走。

 

37. It may be disrespectful to the people of that culture, and certainly don't make fires,however romantic it may seem.

危丁解牛:这是由and连接的两个句子组成的并列复合句,and前是简单句,and后是主从复合句,however引导的是让步状语从句。

技巧点拨:题目中的关键词disrespectful to people...that在本句录音中重现,后面的culture是答案。

参考译文:也许这对那种文化的人们来说是不尊重的,当然不要生火,尽管它看起来很浪漫。

 

38. It's really dangerous in dry areas, and you can easily burn priceless undiscovered material by doing so.

危丁解牛:这是由and连接的两个简单句组成的并列复合句。

难点提示:题目中的关键词be damaged(被毁坏)在录音中被替换成burn(烧毁)。另外,本句录音中的doing so指的是上句说的make fires。本题考查推理能力。

技巧点拨:题目中问的是undiscovered material...damaged by_,本句录音中提到了burn...undiscovered material by doing so,doing so=making fires,所以答案是fires

参考译文:在干燥的地区生火真的很危险,这样做你很容易烧掉无价的未被发现的东西。

 

39. So, how are we going to enjoy the rock art on our field trip? By looking at it, drawing it and photographing it-NEVER by touching it or even tracing it.

范丁解牛:第一个句子是简单句。第二个句子是省略句,承前省略了主语、谓语和宾语,只保留了状语成分。

难点提示:题目中的关键词avoid(避免)是一个否定意义的词,录音中的NEVER(决不)也表示否定,二者是同义替换。

技巧点拨:根据题目中的avoid_or tracking,可预知此处要填的是和tracking并列的一个动名词,所以当听到NEVER...touching or tracking,可以确定touching是答案。

参考译文:因此,我们打算如何在我们的实地考察旅行中欣赏岩石艺术呢?观察、绘画、把它拍摄下来,但绝不要触摸甚至践踏它。

 

40. And lastly please don't even move rocks or branches to take photographs-you should leave the site intact-I'm sure I can rely on you to do that

厄丁解牛:这是由两个破折号连接的三个句子组成的并列复合句,前两个句子是简单句,最后一个句子是主从复合句,sure后是宾语从句。

技巧点拨:题目中的关键词leave the site在本句录音中重现,后面的intact是答案。参考译文:最后请不要移动岩石或树枝来照相,你应该保持遗址完好无损。我确信你们能做到。

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