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雅思基础听力7-1-3

2020-04-08

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雅思基础听力7-1-3

Questions 21-23

Complete the notes below.

Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.

 

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS IN THE WORKPLACE

 

Individuals bring different:

· ideas

. 21.......

· learning experiences

Work behaviour differences are due to:

.personality

.22.......

Effects of diversity on companies:

Advantage:diversity develops 23........

Disadvantage:diversity can cause conflict

 

Questions 24-27

Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.

 

24 Janice thinks that employers should encourage workers who are

A potential leaders.

B open to new ideas

C good at teamwork.

 

25 Janice suggests that managers may find it difficult to

A form successful groups.

B balance conflicting needs.

C deal with uncooperative workers.

 

26 Janice believes employers should look for job applicants who

A can think independently.

B will obey the system

C can solve problems.

 

27 Janice believes managers should

demonstrate good behaviour

 

Questions 28-30

Complete the sentences below.

Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.

 

28 All managers need to understand their employees and recognise their company's.......

 

29 When managing change, increasing the company's.....important than employee satisfaction.

 

30 During periods of change, managers may have to cope with increased amounts of........

 

21. Of course they bring different ideas, but it's also their attitudes and their experiences of learning.

泡丁解牛:这是转折连词but连接的两个简单句组成的并列复合句。在but后的句子中,their attitudestheir experiences of learning是由and连接的两个并列的表语成分。

技巧点拨:题目中横线前的关键词bring different ideas和横线后的关键词learning experiences在本句录音中重现,所以当听到bring different ideas,but...also...

attitudes and their experiences of learning时,可以确定答案是attitude(s)

参考译文:当然,他们带来不同的主意,还有他们的态度和学习经验。

 

22. There are lots of reasons but research has shown a lot of it comes down to personality. And the other factor is gender.

危丁解牛:第一个句子是由but连接的两个句子组成的并列复合句。but前是一个简单句;but后是一个主从复合句,shown后面是宾语从句。第二个句子是简单句。

难点提示:题目中的关键词dueto在录音中被替换成reasonsfactordueto意为归因于

技巧点拨:题目中的关键词personality在本句录音中重现,后面听到了the other factor is genderfactor和题目中的due to是同义替换,所以答案是gender

参考译文:有很多原因,但是研究表明,很多是由于个性,另外一个因素是性别。

 

23. On the positive side, exposure to such diversity helps encourage creativity which is generally an asset to a company.

危丁解牛:这是一个主从复合句,which引导的定语从句修饰creativity

难点提示:题目中的关键词develops在录音中被替换成helps encourage

技巧点拨:根据题目中的diversity develops_可预知此处要填的是作宾语的名词。另外,题目中的关键词diversity在本句录音中重现,后面出现了helps encourage creativity,所以creativity是答案。

参考译文:就积极的方面而言,这种差异性的影响有助于鼓励创造性,这通常对公司来说是很有用的。

 

24. What managers should be targeting is those employees who can take the lead in a situation and are not afraid to accept the idea of responsibility.

危丁解牛:这是一个主从复合句。What引导的是主语从句,作主句的主语,is是系动词,those employees是表语,who引导的定语从句修饰表语those employees。其中的can take the lead in a situation are not afraid to accept the idea of responsibility是由and连接的两个并列的成分,主语都是who

难点提示:题目中的关键词employers在录音中被替换成managers,workers在录音中被替换成employees

技巧点拨:在本句录音中首先听到managers...be targeting..those employees,也就是题干部分的关键点,后面听到can take the lead(能起领导作用),A选项potential leaders(潜在的领导者)意思相符,所以答案是A选项。

参考译文:经理的目标应该是那些能在某个职位中起领导作用并且不怕承担责任的员工。

 

25. Yes, that may be true but I think one of the most important tasks of managers is to consider the needs of the individual on one hand and group co-operation and conformity on the other.

危丁解牛:这是由but连接的两个句子组成的并列复合句。but前是简单句,but后是主从复合句,think后是宾语从句。其中的the individual on one handgroup co-operation and conformity on the other是由and连接的两个并列的成分,作介词of的宾语。

难点提示:题目中的managers may find it difficult to(经理可能发现……是很难的)和录音中 the most important tasks of managers(经理最重要的任务是……)意思相符。本题考查推理能力。

技巧点拨:题目中的关键词managers在本句录音中重现,后面听到了consider the needs of individual...and group...(一方面考虑个人需要,另一方面考虑团体需要),B选项中的balance...needs(平衡需要)意思相符。所以答案

B选项。

参考译文:是的,那也许是真的。但是我认为经理的最重要的一项任务是一方面考虑个人的需要,另一方面还要考虑团队的合作和保持一致。

 

26. When the personnel department is choosing between applicants they need to look for someone who's broken the mould and can think for themselves.

危丁解牛:这是一个主从复合句,When引导的是时间状语从句,they need to look for someone是主句,由who引导的定语从句修饰someone。其中的has broken the mouldcan think for themselves是并列的成分,主语都是who

难点提示:这道题考查的是词组 think for oneself(独立思考,有主见),所以录音中的think for themselves意思也是“独立思考”。如果理解成“为他们自己考虑”就会选错。

技巧点拨:题目中的关键词look for在本句录音中重现,后面听到了think for themselves(独立思考),A选项can think independently意思相符。所以答案是A选项

参考译文:当人事部从申请者中选人时,他们需要找既能打破陈规又能独立思考的人。

 

27. Rewards. When an individual demonstrates the behaviour the organization expects,some kind of incentive can be given. What's important here is that this happens right at the beginning, so new recruits learn the rules of the system immediately.

危丁解牛:第一个句子是主从复合句,when引导的是时间状语从句,the organization expects是定语从句,修饰the behaviour。第二个句子是由连词so连接的两个句子组成的并列复合句。so前面是主从复合句,what引导的是主语从句,that引导的是表语从句;so后面是一个简单句。

难点提示:A选项中的demonstrates...behavior在本句录音中重现,但录音中demonstrates前出现的是individual,而题目问的是managers should,所以A选项是干扰项。

技巧点拨:录音中的incentive(激励)和B选项中的encourage(鼓励)意思相符;录音中的at the beginningB选项中的early意思相符。所以答案是B选项。

参考译文:奖赏。当一个人表现出组织所希望的行为的时候,可以给予某种激励。重要的是这要从开始的时候执行,这样新来的人员能立刻了解这些规则体系。

 

28.Well,managing people means you not only have an understanding of your employees, but you also recognize the culture of the organization.

厄丁解牛:这是一个主从复合句,means后是由not only...but also连接的两个并列的宾语从句。

技巧点拨:根据题目中的their company's_,可预知此处要填的是名词,另外题目中的关键词 understand their employees and recognize在本句录音中重现,后面的culture就是答案。

参考译文:嗯,管理人意味着你不仅要理解你的雇员,还要认可这个组织的文化。

 

29. And at times like these managers may have to give priority to profit rather than individual staff needs.

泡丁解牛:这是一个简单句,rather than表示比较。

难点提示:题目中的more..than被替换成rather than,employee satisfaction被替换成individual staff needs

技巧点拨:根据题目中的increasing the company's______,可预知此处要填的是名词。题目中的关键词increasing在录音中被替换成give priority to,这一点很容易听出来,所以后面的profit是答案。

参考译文:有时,像这些经理可能不得不优先考虑利润,而不是员工的个人需要。

 

30. During times of change they should be thinking not only about the strain on their staff but take time out to think of themselves.

随丁解牛:这是一个简单句。should be thinkingtake是由but连接的两个并列的谓语。

难点提示:题目中的cope with(应付)在录音中被替换成think about(考虑)。

技巧点拨:另外根据题目中的amounts of——,可预知此处要填的是名词。题目中的关键词During periods of change在录音中被替换成During times of change,这个替换很容易听出来,后面接着听到了thinking not only...strain...but...

themselves,所以答案是strain。把themselves填在amounts of的后面显然不合适。

参考译文:在改革时期,他们不仅要考虑员工的压力,而且要抽出时间来考虑他们自己。

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