New Item 1
Sharp differences between rich and developing countries have emerged at the climate change summit in Paris as delegates work overnight on the draft agreement drawn up by the French hosts. France's Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius says he's confident of ultimate success by Friday. Roger Harriby reports from Paris.
Representatives of vulnerable nations said proposals wouldn't protect their countries from dangerous climate change. They want a clear, long-term funding to help them adapt to a heating climate and get clean energy. They said rich countries will recline out to provide cash and cut emissions. Other nations said the tax would fail unless they send a clear signal to investors that fossil fuels would be phased out in coming decades. Others complain that aviation and shipping emissions had been left out of the agreement.
1. Q: What is the news mainly about?
2. Q: What did representatives of vulnerable nations say about rich countries?
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American researchers say cutting down trees in snow regions might help counter the effects of global warming. The findings highlight the complexity of the planet as it'd previously been understood that mass deforestation contributed to global warming.
It's been a woe cry for environmentalists in recent years that mass deforestation contributes to global warming. But that argument may now have to be revised Scientists in the United States have run a simulation of the effects of large-scale clearing. And they find that if trees were to be cut down in the icy northem regions, it would actually cool down the Earth. The reason: Snow reflects sunlight and the great pine forests of Russia, Europe and Canada shade tens of thousands of hectares of reflective snow.
3. Q: What might help control global warming according to American
4. Q: Why can cutting down trees in the icy northem regions cool down the Earth?
New Item 3
Jean-Claude Juncker's dismissive assessment of David Cameron's promise to fix EU migration proved the issue will be an uphill battle for the prime minister Yesterday, the incoming Commission president said rules around the free movement of people could not be changed.
But the Conservative MP Edward Leigh said he thought the EU is desperate to keep Britain in, and there was a very good chance EU migration could be renegotiated. Responding to Mr. Juncker's remarks, a Downing Street source said proposals would be brought forward before Christmas and deserved and would get a fair hearing.
At today's summit, EU leaders will try and agree on a target of cutting greenhouse gases by 40% by 2030. The prime minister is also expected to raise the issue of EU expenditure.
This week, the European Parliament asked for a budget of 146 bn euros next year, 6 bn more than EU leaders agreed to at an earlier summit. The final deal will be hammered out next month, but the govermment sources said the members' bid was too high and unrealistic.
5. Q: When would the proposals on EU migration be brought forward?
6. Q: What is the agreement about greenhouse gases?
7. Q: What do we know about the required budget of the European Parliament for the next year?