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英语专业四级写作题目与范文Lesson 2

2022-07-17

写作题目:

 

Recently, a college student helped an old woman who fell down and was accused of shoving the old woman to the ground. The case has drawn national attention. The following are the supporters' and opponents' opinions. Read them carefully from both sides and write your response in about 200 words, in which you should first summarize briefly the opinions from both sides and give your view on the issue.

 

Marks will be awarded for content relevance, content sufficiency, organization, language quality. Failure follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks.

 

YES

It is one of Chinese tradition virtues to care for and help the old. When they fall down,helping them to stand up is a very small thing we can do to them.

 

Imagine if your grandmother fell down. Would you give them a hand? We shouldn't be biased in helping those people in need because good deeds may be relayed.

 

NO

It is hard to judge whether a person who falls down is really in need or just plays the trick to cheat money. Without knowing this, helping the old will only get us into unnecessary trouble, for example, the financial disputes.

 

It is not an obligation but a choice for citizens to help the people in need or not. Helping others can be appreciated and awarded. But that doesn't mean not helping is something bad which must be criticized and even punished.

 

写作思路

 

首先总结正反观点,然后给出个人观点

 

Help the Old in Need

 

第一段:简要概括正反观点,并表明自己的观点:应该鼓励人们帮助并自愿帮助那些有需要的人。

The story between the good-doer and the old who +谓语...has stirred debate recently.【做好事者和.....的老人之间的事情最近引发了激烈的辩论。】Should we help the old in needSupporters hold that+从句...【支持者认为......Some object to it for doing sthat best a moral choicemay get us into potential dispute.【一些反对者认为,做某事只是一种道德选择,但可能会给我们带来片在的纠纷。】From my perspectivepeople should...【在我看来,人们应该......

 

中间段:首先摆明观点——不能将所有人一概而论。如果条件反射地认为凡是摔倒的人都是以讹钱为目的,那许多真正需要帮助的人将无法即使得到救助,同时也指出袖手旁观、见死不救是社会道德的败落。

To begin with......As a matter of fact...if......Whats moreit is ...to do sthwhich will breed indifference and discourage more people to stay away from...。【此外,做某事是......,这将促使冷漠滋生,让更多的人远离......】。...is mark of advance of a societywhile coldness will only isolate individuals.......是一个社会进步的标志,二冷漠只会让个人孤立无援。】

 

结尾段:重申观点,提供建议——我们应该用一种明知的方式帮助有需要的人,而不是为冷漠找借口。

To concludewe should know how to wisely do sthinstead of doing sth.【总而言之,我们应该知道如何明智地做某事,而不是做某事。】

 

范文

 

Help the Old in Need

 

The story between the good-doer and the old who fell down has stirred a heated debate recently. Should we help the old in need? Supporters hold that helping the person in need coincides with Chinese tradition virtues and such a practice can be relayed. Some object to it for helping others, at best a moral choice, may get us into potential disputes. From my perspective, people should be encouraged and volunteer to help the old in need.

 

To begin with, not everyone who falls down is the stamp who cheats money out of help-givers for medical compensations. Just imagine the case: a person with heart attack falls down and dies for lack of timely rescue. As a matter of fact, he could be saved if people passing by could stop and take some measures to help him. Such tragedy can be avoided by starting out very small to help others. What's more, it is a moral decline to stand by those people really in need, which will breed indifference and discourage more people to stay away from them. Basic humanitarian support is the mark of the advance of a society, while coldness will only isolate individuals.

 

To conclude, we should know how to wisely help people in need, instead of taking a lame excuse for indifference.

 

帮助有需要的老人

 

做好事者和摔倒的老人之间的事情最近引发了激烈的辩论。我们应该帮助亚需帮助的老人吗?支持者认为,帮助有需要的人符合中国的传统美德,这种做法也可以得以传承。一些反对者认为,帮助他人至多只是一种道德选择,但可能会给我们带来潜在纠纷。在我看来,我们应该鼓励,也应该主动帮助有需要的老人。

 

首先,并不是每个摔倒的人都想要从提供帮助的人哪里骗钱,要求作医疗赔偿。想象一下这种情况:一个心脏病患者摔倒后由于缺乏及时的救援而去世了。事实上,如果经过的人能停下来并采取一些措施来帮助他,摔倒的人就可以得救。只要稍微伸手帮助一下别人,这样的悲剧就可以避免。此外,袖手旁观、见死不救是社会的道德滑坡,这将促使冷漠滋生,让更多人远离有需要的人。基本的人道帮助是一个社会进步的标志,而冷漠只会让个体孤立无援。

 

总之,我们应该知道如何明智地帮助有需要的人,而不是找一个整脚的借口漠不关心。

 

亮点词汇

good-doer n.做好事的人

coincide with 符合

relay   vt.传递

at best 至多,充其量

volunteer  vi. 自愿

compensation  n.补偿,赔偿

moral decline 道德败落

breed  vt.滋生

discourage  vt.使泄气,使灰心

humanitarian人道主义的

lame excuse 站不住脚的借口

stir  vt.引起

practice    n. 做法

object to 反对

dispute   n. 争端

stamp  n.一类人

start out small 从小事做起

stand by 袖手旁观

indifference   n.冷漠

stay away from 远离

advance   n. 进步

 

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