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英语专业四级写作题目与范文Lesson 1

2022-07-15

WRITING

 

Read carefully the following excerpt on retirement age delay arguments in China, and then write your response in NO LESS THAN 200 words, in which you should:

 

summarize the main message of the excerpt, and then

comment on whether retirement age should be delayed.

 

You should support yourself with information from the excerpt.

 

Marks will be awarded for content relevance, content sufficiency, organization and language quality. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks.

 

China Plans to Delay Retirement Age

 

China's top labor official said the country is planning to push back the age at which workers can retire.

 

Yin Weimin, minister of human resources and social security, explained why it's essential to raise retirement age:

 

"The life expectancy of Chinese people is now 73 years and is expected to rise to 74 during the next five years. Nearly 3 out of 10 Chinese people will be older than 60 by 2040, according to a United Nations forecast."he said.

 

"The retirement age in China currently is 60 for men and 55 for female civil servants and 50 for female workers."

 

The idea of delaying the retirement age is being widely supported by government officials. Many laborers and non-government employees were less enthusiastic about the prospect of working for longer.Currently, they have to pay into their pension plans for at least 15 years before they can retire.

 

A female worker Chen Xianlian said, "I have to do lots of tough and repetitive work every day andI feel very tired after my working day. All my colleagues are discussing the government's possible move to lift the retirement age. None of us wants to work any extra years."

 

University graduates also fear that any rise in the retirement age could limit their employment opportunities.

 

Write your response on ANSWER SHEET THREE.

 

To Postpone or not to Postpone

 

With the relatively lo w retirement age nowadays and the citizen's longer life expectancy, China is planning to raise its pension age. Many people, especially the government officials applaud the idea of postponing the retirement age while non-government employees don't welcome the scheme so much, because of their heavier workloads and not-so-good rates of pay. University graduates also fear that delaying the retirement age will deprive them of their opportunities to work. Personally, I'm biased for the idea of raising the pension age. The reasons are as follows.

 

To start with, the 21st century has seen an unprecedented aging population, which means there will be more elderly people above the age of 65. More elderly may signal a heavier financial burden on young workers. Getting those at the retirement age to work will drastically relieve young men's economic pressure. What's more, postponing the retirement age will benefit the companies which need highly-skilled and experienced workers to perform certain tasks that are beyond younger workers. As for the old,postponing the retirement age is also of great benefit. For they can not only make money to support their daily life,but also earn respect by making full use of their treasured talents and skills.

 

In conclusion, population aging raises a critical issue for the whole society, and postponing retirement age is one effective measure to be taken.

 

推迟还是不推迟

 

目前,中国的退休年龄相对较低,而中国公民的预期寿命在延长。基于这两者的考虑,中国政府计划延迟退休年龄。很多人,特别是政府官员对此计划表示认同。然而,该计划在非政府官员当中的受欢迎度则没那么高。这是因为他们的工作量较大,而工资较低。大学生也担心退休年龄会推迟,因为推迟退休年龄意味着他们将失去工作机会。就我这个人而言,我支持推迟退休年龄。原因如下:

 

首先,21世纪人口老龄化将达到前所未有的程度,将会有越来越多65岁以上的老人。更多的退休老人对年轻人来说意味着更大的经济负担。让已达到退休年龄的人继续工作将会大大减轻年轻人的经济压力。而且,那些需要有技能、有经验的员工的公司也将受惠于退休年龄的推迟,因为有些工作是年轻的员工无法胜任的。对于老人来说,推迟退休年龄也有好处。不仅因为他们可以赚钱满足日常开销,而且他们也能通过自己宝贵的才华和技能赢得尊重。

 

总之,人口老龄化是全社会面临的重大问题,而推迟退休年龄是一个有效的解决办法。

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