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考研英语一写作Part B教材题目讲解(1)

2022-06-08

Part B

思路点拨

2020年大作文为图画类作文,通过两幅图的对比反映主题,图画下方为“习惯”二字,整体来看主题清晰,难度适中。考生需要注意图画作文的审题与立意,写作前细读题目给出的文字提示并分析图画寓意。图画内容实际上是在强调良好习惯的重要性,因此考生写作时要紧扣“养成良好习惯”这一主题。整体写作思路如下:第一段简要描述图画内容;第二段分析图画寓意,论述良好习惯重要的原因;第三段做出总结并提供养成良好习惯的可行建议。

参考范文

         As is vividly depicted in the two cartoons of sharp contrast, two young persons have very different attitudes towards work. A girl in the left picture is concentrating on her homework, considering "better to finish as soon as possible", while in the right picture, a boy is sitting idly in front of a desk, planning "∀doing anything until the deadline".

 

        Obviously, the cartoons are best characterized by the emphasis on the importance of good habits,which reveals a truth that favourable time-management and self-discipline can have a great positive influence on one's study and work. On the one hand, good time management is both a key factor of achievements in study or work and an essential skill for individual growth and development. Only by cherishing time and arranging it properly can we achieve our goals efficiently. On the other hand, as the saying goes, "What goes around comes around", people who cannot achieve self-discipline will pay some price. Self-discipline is the guarantee of personal execution, which motivates us to act in a timely manner rather than to put off. It is no exaggeration to say that procrastination will eventually make us nothing.
        The fast-paced life in modern society is full of temptations, requiring that young people in the new era develop good habits, such as being strict with ourselves, overcoming procrastination and scheduling time,as to promote personal growth and development and ultimately contribute to social advancement.

参考译文

         这两幅图画形成了鲜明的对比,生动地描绘了两个年轻人对待工作或任务截然不同的态度。左图中一个女孩正在集中精力写作业,她认为“尽早完成才放心”,而右图中一个男孩懒散地坐在桌前,想着“不到最后不动手”。

 

         很明显,漫画强调了良好习惯的重要性,揭示了这样一个事实:良好的时间管理和自律会对个人的学习和工作产生极大的积极影响。一方面,良好的时间管理是年轻人在学习或工作中取得成就的关键因素,是个人成长和发展的必备能力。珍惜时间并合理安排时间,我们才能高效地完成自己的目标。另一方面,俗话说“种豆得豆,种瓜得瓜”,无法做到自律的人,也必将为自己的行为付出代价。自律是个人行动力的保证,行动力能够让我们及时行动起来,而不是一味地拖延。毫不夸张地说,拖延症最终会让我们一事无成。

 

         现代社会节奏快、诱惑多,作为新时代的年轻人,我们理应养成良好的习惯。我们应严格要求自己,克服拖延症,合理安排时间,从而促进个人成长及发展,最终为社会发展做出贡献。

 

范文点评


本文立意准确,内容详实。第一段形象描述了图画内容。第二段揭示其寓意,并从两个方面针对“养成良好习惯的重要性”进行论述分析。第三段做出总结,提出观点及建议。全文结构安排合理,句式丰富,语言流畅。

 


得分亮点


vividly
ad.生动地;强烈地

idly
ad.懒散地,闲散地

obviously
ad.显然,明显地

emphasis
n.强调;重视

reveal
v.透露;揭示;显示

favourable
a.有利的;良好的

time management
时间管理

self-discipline
n.自律,自我约束

essential
a.基本的;必要的

efficiently
ad.有效地,高效率地

procrastination
n.耽搞,拖延;拖延症

... is best characterized by ...
......最显著的特点是......

have a great positive influence on ...
对……有着极大的积极影响

On the one hand ... On the other hand ...一方面……另一方面……

What goes around comes around种豆得豆,种瓜得瓜

个人执行力,行动力
personal execution

毫不夸张地说……
It is no exaggeration to say that ...

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