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雅思11 Test1 Writing 2

2022-04-23

雅思11 Test1 Writing 2

 

首段:引出相关话题表明自己的观点—指出修建铁路与公路都有其重要的意义。

There is no doubt that+从句...【毫无疑问,......

Be of great significance for modern society【对于现代社会来说意义重大】;suggest后面接的是虚拟语气--should

rather than...【而不是.....】;the investment in ...【投资......{名词短语}】;traffic infrastructure交通基础设施=railwaysroadsin both...and...【在..........两方面】;in both【在两方面】

  1. There is no doubt that...{主语:题目背景}is/are of great significance for modern society.【毫无疑问,......意义重大】
  2. Some people suggest that+主语+should+动词原形...{题目}【一些人认为......应该......
  3. In my opinionhoweverit is much more reasonable for...to do sth.【然而。在我看来,......做某事是更合理合理的。】;spend money on+名词...【在.....上花钱】;spend money in doing sth花钱做某事

首段:修建铁路与公路都有其重要的意义

背景+题目改写+自己观点引入下文

There is no doubt that the investment traffic infrastructure {主语:题目背景} is of great significance for modern society. Some people suggest that governments should spend more money on railways rather than roads{改写题目} In my opinionhoweverit is much more reasonable for governments to invest in both.

 

第二段:理由段railways的优势与重要性

by the means of ...【通过......方式】;unlike...【与......不同】;at a certain station在特定的站点;instead of=rather than而不是;the will of........的意愿】;A is cheaper as compared B【与B相比,A更便宜。】;other means of.........的其他方式】;in bulk大宗:...in bulk quantities【大宗的......;be+过去分词{被动语态}are unemployed失业;to来;find找到/获取;a source of.........的来源】;daily bread收入=income;定语从:人+who +谓语+宾语{ those who gave me daily bread};人+who+is/are+形容词{the man who is handsome}who是单数或复数取决于前面的名词

 

...occupy/occupies a crucial place in A.【在A......占据着重要的地位】First and foremost,主句....because+从句...【首先,......因为......Besides,主句...in that+从句...【其次,......因为.....Ultimately,句子... 【最后,......Consequently...【因此,......

主题句+3个原因+总结

Railway transport occupies a crucial place in countys transport system.【主题句】First and foremosttransportation by the means of railways ensures safety for passengers and goods because unlike the road transporta train only stops at a certain station instead of the will of the driver. {安全} Besidesrailways transport is cheaper as compared other means of transportation in that goods in bulk quantities are carried from a desired destination to the other. {运输量大}Ultimatelyrailway transport helps people carry cheap products from a place to another.{运输费便宜} Consequentlythere are more opportunities for those people who are unemployed to find a source of their daily bread.{给失业人员获得收入}

 

第三段:理由段roads的优势与重要性

Like......also play/plays a vital role.【正如......一样,......也扮演着重要的角色】On one hand,主句...on the grounds that+从句...【一方面,......因为......On the other hand,主句...which means that+从句...【另一方面,......,这意味着......

the construction of...【修建......{名词短语}

the percentage of...than that of...

Less更少{修饰不可数名词}--more更多{修饰不可数名词或不可数名词}

fewer更少{修饰可数名词}--more更多{修饰不可数名词或不可数名词}

capital outlay资金=money=cost

capital资本的/省会/首都;over a short distance关于短途;over关于;in......方面;on......方面

Cost费用=expenditure费用n.

Less更少的adj.is less{系表结构,后面不能在跟名词}

require less money{动宾结构:动词+名词}

the most flexible and convenient最灵活方便的

the way of.........的方式/方法】;even if【即使】;to{介词}interior内部;interior part内部地区;the parts of the world世界各地;the interior parts of the world内部地区;be adjusted被调节{被动语态}adjust调整v.

...is/are done to do sth.......被做来做某事】;suit合适v.individual个人n./个人的adj.to suit...and to provide

Provide提供;door-to-door上门的adj.door-to-door service上门服务

 

Like railway transportroad system also plays a vital role.{主题句} On one handthe construction of roads requires less capital outlay than that of railways{修建公路费用比铁路少}and the cost of the transportation of goods is less over a short distance in road transport{公路短途运输费用更少} on the grounds that it saves a lot on packing expenditure. On the other handroad transport is the most flexible and convenient way of transporting goods even if to the interior parts of the world{灵活和便利}which means that its route and timing can be adjusted to suit the individual requirements and to provide door-to-door service{路线/时间随时更改}.

 

结尾段:总结概括

From what have been mentioned abovewe can easily come to the conclusion that+从句...so+从句...【根据以上所提的内容,我们很容易得出这样的结论:.....,所以,......

be taken into consideration被考虑;financially经济上地adv.financially support...【经济上地支持......】;according to...【根据......{介词}】;national国家的adj.nation国家=countrynational condition国情;requirement要求n.require要求/需求v.

 

From what have been mentioned abovewe can easily come to the conclusion that railway transport and road system are both important{两方面的重要性}so they should be taken into consideration and financially supported by governments according to their own national conditions and requirements.

 

作业:

Governments should spend money on high schools rather than universities

To what extent do you agree or disagree this statement.

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