招生电话:0759-2296349

课程咨询微信号:619809370

地址:湛江市霞山区海滨大道南52号和平大厦A座5楼503室(金祥花园对面,供电大厦旁,南粤银行楼上)

新闻中心

专插本词汇语法考前冲刺九解释笔记

2022-03-19

1neither{两者都不}“都不”;any“一些/任何/几个”{否定句/疑问句}some“一些/几个”{肯定句};有这个疑问句用{some}Would you like some...?;either{两者中其中一者}“或者/任意一个”;all{三者或以上都}“都”;both{两者都}“都”;none{三者或以上都不}“都不”;neither{否定词}-none{否定词};双重否定就是肯定;I havent seen either of them.两个都没看到。=I have seen neither of them.have/has+过去分词{现在完成}see-saw-seen

2return-returned-returned返回;find-found-found发现;已经有谓语了,那么其他的动词就叫做非谓语:动词ing{主动:现在/经常性},过去分词ed{被动}to do sth{主动:将来};非谓语+宾语{主动:ing“现在/经常性”,to do sth“主动:将来”}had+过去分词{谓语:过去完成时}:主动had+been+过去分词:{谓语:过去完成时被动语态};动词原形/动词+s/es{谓语:主动};过去式ed{作谓语时:主动};过去分词ed{作非谓语时:后置定语作被动【被动后面不能直接带宾语】“后置定语就是放在被修饰名词后来修饰前面的名词”};现在分词ing{作非谓语时:后置定语作主动【主动后面直接带宾语】}

3because of+名词“由于/因为”;complexity“复杂性n.”;非谓语:现在分词+宾语{现在分词ing就是非谓语:主动“主动后面直接跟宾语”-经常性/习惯性};非谓语:过去分ed{过去分词ed就是作非谓语:被动“被动后面不能直接跟宾语”};非谓语to do sth{to do就是非谓语后面直接跟宾语:主动-将来}非谓语:to be+过去分词{就是非谓语被动结构-后面不能直接跟宾语-表示将来的被动};主动的非谓语:doing sth{习惯性/经常性};非谓语to do sth{将来}to have done sth“非谓语主动完成{含有将来完成结构}”;动名词/现在分词ing“可以作名词”;形容词变副词一般加lyhave/has+过去分词{现在完成时“作谓语”:主动-后面直接跟宾语}need sb. to do sth{主动“经常性/习惯性”}.--need sb. to have done sth.{主动完成}

4be+过去分词{作谓语}:被动语态;副词ly用来修饰动词/形容词/副词{修饰一般位于前面}...+who+谓语动词...

5quite非常{副词};固定搭配:be familiar with“熟悉”;be acquainted with“相识/知道”;face“脸孔”

6、固定搭配:call sb. sth. “称某人为......”;形容词修饰名词=sth

7、定语从句关系词:介词+which;介词:during“在......期间”{atwithbyinonfor};定语从句关系词有:when“时间”,wherewhich“事物”,that“人/事物”,who“人”,why“原因”,whose直接加名词in which=where“代替地点/领域/系统/环境”

8、介词引导的是后置定语或状语;more than=over超过;分词不能作谓语{现在分词/过去分词},分词作非谓语;to do sth也是非谓语;动词原形“现在”{除了三单以外}-动词s/es“现在”{三单}-过去式“过去”【作谓语】;第一人称I/we,第二人称you,除了这三个单词以外就是第三人称

9、虚拟语气:If+主语+过去式......would do sthif+主语+had+过去分词......would/should/could have done sth....If I were youI would do it.=Were I youI would do it. If I had finished itI would have gone there.=Had I finished itI would have gone there. If I finished itI would go there.=Did I finish itI would go there. If“如果.......的话”=Supposing“假设”{虚拟}

10、固定搭配:part of前不能加冠词;A and B{复数}A with B{介词当不存在}A as well as B{A}either A or B{谓语看B:就近原则}neither A nor B{谓语看B:就近原则}both A and B{复数形式}“两者都”

11is/am-was{过去式}are-were{过去式}the government“指政府中的成员”所以就用复数

12problems faced面临的问题=problems that are faced:被动

13、固定搭配:on demand需求

14、强调句:形容词/副词/否定词/Only/Not/So+一般疑问句结构“倒装”

15、固定搭配:be aware of...“意识到......{作谓语}

16、固定搭配:remember to do sth“记得做某事”{还没做}remember doing sth记得做过某事{做过了而且还记得/做过了但是忘了}forget to do sth忘记做某事{还没做}forget doing sth忘记做过某事{做过了但是忘了}

17、时态一致;know+宾语/know that+从句.../know+从句...that引导从句“没有意义”可用可不用,也就是可以单做不存在】;how问的就是方式;improve“提高”--如何提高

18、名词性从句:what you do=how you do itwhere you do itwhen you do itwhat作主语:what happenswhat作宾语:what you do;名词性从句作句子的主语, 那么谓语动词就用三单{is/was,动词e/eshas三单}have/has+过去分词{现在完成时}-现在完成时:for+时间段,since+时间点,since+主语+谓语过去式

19potential潜在的;unknown不可知的;secret秘密的;unlimited无限制的

20、虚拟:would have done sth本来就做某事[If I had finished it“过去完成时”,I would have done it. / If I finished it yesterday“有过去时间”,I would have done it.]should have done sth本来应该做某事;could have done sth本来能够做某事

21as if引导虚拟语气;if引导虚拟用would

22take in欺骗;take down记下

23、缺少谓语;谓语:现在式动词原形/三单ses;谓语过去式:过去式“主动”;分词不能作谓语;was/were doing作谓语{过去进行时“主动”}is/am/are doing作谓语{现在进行时}is/am/are/was/were+过去分词作谓语{被动语态}have/has+过去分词作谓语{现在完成时}had+过去分词作谓语{过去完成时};注意:意思为“发生”只能用主动不能用被动;take place=happen=occur发生;现在进行时is/am/are+doing{现在正在做某事};过去进行时was/were doing{过去某时刻做的事情/过去某时候};过去做的事情{没有某时候/某时刻}用一般过去时{主语+过去式}

24such as例如{such as+名词,不能加从句}like例如{like+名词,不能加从句}for example=for instance例如{加句子}with“因为”;as{as不是介词}不能跟whichsuch+名词{这样......}so+形容词;such+形容词+名词...that+从句...so+形容词{后面不能带名词}...that+从句...

25、固定搭配hand out分发;hand down传给后人;hand on传下来;hold on保持/别挂断

26、省略if的虚拟:用一般疑问句结构;If+主语+过去式......would do sthif+主语+had+过去分词......would/should/could have done sth....If I were youI would do it.=Were I youI would do it. If I had finished itI would have gone there.=Had I finished itI would have gone there. If I finished itI would go there.=Did I finish itI would go there. If“如果.......的话”=Supposing“假设”{虚拟}

27than{比较级}little-比较级less-最高级least“没有”;few-比较级fewer-fewest“没有”;little/less/least+不可数名词;few/fewer/fewest+可数名词;traffic“交通”{不可数名词}information信息{不可数名词}knowledge知识{不可数名词}

28how long“多长时间”;疑问词引导从句:疑问词+主语+谓语结构{没有问号};疑问词引导主语:疑问词+一般疑问句结构..?“句首”{有问号}

29、固定的搭配:would rather do sth宁愿做某事;had better do sth最好做某事{Id=I hadShed=She had}mind doing sth介意做某事;avoid doing sth避免做某事

30、分词{非谓语}:现在分词/过去分词;分词做状语谓语句首:过去分词后不接宾语,现在分词后接谓语;Doing sth...+句子.... Having done sth{完成}+句子...

上一篇

这里有最新的公司动态,这里有最新的网站设计、移动端设计、网页相关内容与你分享

下一篇