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专插本英语词汇与语法密押五

2022-03-07

1、介词+名词引导...+句子...among.....当中{介词}because+从句...,主句....Because of+名词...+句子...Therefore+句子...【因此......】;it is...that+从句....=It is ...to do sth.

2Be{is/am/are/was/were}+现在分词{动词ing}have/has+过去分词{现在完成时}

3if可以引导条件状语从句,也可以引导虚拟语气;条件状语从句:主句是一般将来时,从句一般现在时;if引导虚拟语气:主句过去,从句也过去,那么:主语+would+动词原形...if+主语+动词过去式...,还有虚拟:主语+would have done...if+主语+had+done...

4by+时间,+句子...【完成时:by+过去时间{过去完成时{had done}by+将来时间{将来完成时will have done}

5although+主语+谓语..+主句...although+分词...+句子...born过去分词{bear}

6whatever+主语+谓语;whenever+主语+谓语+宾语wherever+主语+谓语+宾语;However+句子....

7so+副词/形容词+一般疑问句结构...

8not only+一般疑问句结构...but also...not only...but also...+谓语动词{变化就近原则}Not only books but also cake is/has...Not only cake but also books are/have...

9、倒装句:no sooner+一般疑问句...than...“刚............

10forgotten忘记;missed错过;left落下;taken拿走;have sth left+地方【把......落在某地】;There is/was/are/were...left【剩下......

11look forward to doing sth盼望做某事

12ought to+动词原形【应该......】;if可以引导条件状语从句,也可以引导虚拟语气;条件状语从句:主句是一般将来时,从句一般现在时;if引导虚拟语气:主句过去,从句也过去,那么:主语+would+动词原形...if+主语+动词过去式...,还有虚拟:主语+would have done...if+主语+had+done...【过去中的过去主句就用would have done{本来虚拟就用过去,那么再加过去就用would have done}】;ought towould用法一样

13prefer A to B:喜欢A胜于B

14、副词修饰动词,形容词修饰名词;speak{动词}-用副词修饰;加ly是副词

15any用于疑问句或否定句或if引导的从句中;肯定句用somesomething nice for...【为....;因为.......

16be+过去分词{被动}be+现在分词{进行时}主动;被动后不能直接跟宾语;主动后必须直接加宾语;be keen on doing sth.【喜欢做某事】;be willing to do sth愿意做某事;like to do sth喜欢做某事

17wish虚拟{过去}--表达一搬将来用would do sth“将做某事”;wish...would do sth

18、过去时间用一般过去时{谓语过去式};过去时间段用过去完成时{had done}have done现在完成时{过去到现在的时间段}had done过去完成时{过去时间段}since+从句...{一般过去时}+主句...{现在完成时}since+时间点{现在完成时}

19、考时间状语;.....while+从句...【在......的这段时间,......

20if可以引导条件状语从句,也可以引导虚拟语气;条件状语从句:主句是一般将来时,从句一般现在时if引导虚拟语气:主句过去,从句也过去,那么:主语+would+动词原形...if+主语+动词过去式...,还有虚拟:主语+would have done...if+主语+had+done...【过去中的过去主句就用would have done{本来虚拟就用过去,那么再加过去就用would have done}】;ought towould用法一样

21if可以引导条件状语从句,也可以引导虚拟语气;条件状语从句:主句是一般将来时,从句一般现在时;if引导虚拟语气:主句过去,从句也过去,那么:主语+would+动词原形...if+主语+动词过去式...,还有虚拟:主语+would have done...if+主语+had+done...【过去中的过去主句就用would have done{本来虚拟就用过去,那么再加过去就用would have done}】;ought towould用法一样

22、强烈禁止用must not“一定不”;whatever you do不管你怎么做{强调}=However you do itHowever+句子...

23Johns+形容词=John is+形容词;Johns +过去分词=John has+过去分词

24fax传真

25hardly....or...【很少...........】;neither...nor...either...or...;否定词...or...not...or...neither否定,hardly否定词】

26、感叹句:how/whathow+形容词/副词;what+名词【how exciting he iswhat an exciting boy he is

27below在下面;under....之下/......情况;by经过/......旁边;with由于/

28suggest后面从句用虚拟{should+动词原形,should可以省略,省略也是直接动词原形}avoid doing sth避免做某事

29never seen从未见过;know知道:little几乎不;know little不了解;little否定词;a little肯定词

30it is necessary..that+从句..{should+动词原形,should可以省略,省略也是直接动词原形}

 

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