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专插本英语密押四词汇与语法结构

2022-03-04

专插本英语密押四词汇与语法结构

1necessity生活必需品n.the price of.........的价格】;the rise in...【关于......的上涨】;will+动词原形{一般将来时}affect影响/侵袭v.interfere{不及物动词“不能跟宾语”}干涉/妨碍;effect{名词}结果/效果/影响--{动词}导致/招致;drive开车/驱赶v.

2so+形容词...that+从句...【如此......以致......likely很可能/或许adj.&adv.be likely to do sth很可能做某事{形容词}unlike不同/不像{物体:形容词/介词}The book and that one are unlike.{形容词} The book is unlike that one.{介词}resemble/相似{及物动词}-及物动词后面跟名词作宾语;The book resembles that one. alike相似的/相像的-作表语/后置定语:He and she are alike.{表语}the person alike“相像的这个人”{后置定语} ;表语:系动词+形容词作表语

3so+形容词...that+从句...【如此......以致......】;displease得罪v.apply申请/应用;afford负担/得起/有能力去做v.--can/cant/could/couldnt afford to do sthafford to do sth.obtain获得/得到;advance前进/提前;can afford to...“能.......

4repair修理v.take-took-taken;固定搭配:take...apart【把......拆开】;take part in参加;take place发生;take out取出

5project项目/工程;apply to申请;cloning克隆technology技术;appoint约定;accompany陪伴;prepare准备/预备

6free免费;shampoo洗发水;be+过去分词{被动语态}distribute-distributed-distributed分发/分布;form door to door挨家挨户;sample样品;example例子;product产品;stock股票/股份

7otherwise否则otherwise{虚拟语气:与事实相反“前句有后句相反”};与现在事实相反{虚拟:would/should/could+动名词原形}I dont like itotherwise I would take it.;与过去事实相反的{虚拟:would/should/could+have+过去分词}I didnt like itotherwise I would have taken it.

8handle操作;instrument乐器/仪器;with care小心;for fear that+从句...【以免/唯恐......{虚拟:带should+动词原形的虚拟}

9a pack of...【一副......】;playing card纸牌;everywhere到处{副词作状语};被动语态be+过去分词{被动语态后不带宾语,要带宾语必须加介词在跟宾语}

10rather than而不是;be responsible for...【造成....../负责......】;accident事故

11It is+形容词+that+从句...{that引导从句用省略should在加动词原形:should do sth-- should可省略,省略也要永远跟动词原形}

12、后面直接跟宾语就不可能是被动语态,那就是主动语态;have+过去分词{现在完成时:已经完成了}knowing+宾语--{作主语}what to do宾语/how to do it宾语;现在分词作主语谓语动词用第三人称单数形式{动词+s/es}

13be+形容词/名词性从句{作表语};名词性从句引导词:what{what+主语+谓语“事情/内容”}when{when+主语+谓语+宾语“什么时候”}where{where+主语+谓语+宾语“哪里”}why{why+主语+谓语+宾语“为什么”}who“人”{who+谓语}whom“人”{whom+主语+谓语}that{that+主语+谓语+宾语“没有词义”}

14be in favor of ...【支持......】;insist on...【坚持.....】;vote投票;while然而;

15like介词“不能作主语”;非限定性定语从句谓语句首用关系词as作主语/宾语;As{宾语}+主语+谓语{宾语就是as}+主句...As{主语}+谓语+宾语...+主句...

非限定性定语从句:主句.......which.....

或非限定性定语从句:As......+主句.....【正如......的那样,.......

  1. at the cost of...【以......为代价】
  2. On turnafter turn不是固定搭配;in turn依次地/轮流地{turn必须用单数turn才成立}by turns轮流地/交替地{turn必须用复数turns才成立}

18many+可数名词复数形式;a后接many不成立;many good...{许多良好的......};没有good many...many a+可数名词单数形式{谓语动词用三单结构加s/es}意思是“许多......”;many letters have accumulated...=many a letter has accumulated...accumulate堆积/累计v.

19doing sth位于句首作状语{主动}to do sth位于句首作状语{将来}having done sth位于句首作状语{完成而且是主动}having been done位于句首作状语{完成而且是被动}

20、独立主格结构表示原因:It being...+句子...

 

21Its no use doing sth.做某事没有作用;be used to doing sth习惯做某事;be used to do sth被用于做某事;help to do sth.=help do sth.有利做某事

22be allowed to do sth被允许做某事;commit......委托/提交,常跟to连用:commit to......commission委托/委任{后接的是人}command指挥/控制;communicate with his family与家人通信联系;communicate with...【与......沟通】

23belong to...【属于.....

24meet the demand满足需求

25yield a good crop of potatoes土豆丰产{yield“生产”跟农作物}

26my favourite saying我最喜欢的格言

27be tired of...【对......厌烦】

28in such a hurry如此匆忙的

29there is no sense in insisting...【坚持.....无意义】

30manage to do sth.想办法做某事;get获得=obtain

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