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第四节医学考博词汇解题技巧(六)3.词组

2022-03-01

3.词组

 

1) Nearly all major cities in the US are crime-ridden. New York is     .

A.a case in point

B. a case to point

C. the case

D. in the case of

 

a case in point 恰当的例子

a case to point 错误表达

the case 实情(=situation)

in the case of 就……来说

 

2) There are a few small things that I don't like about my job, but      it's very enjoyable.

A.above all

B. as usual

C.by and large

D.by all means

 

above all 首先,尤其是

as usual 像平常一样

by and large一般地说来,大体上

by all means 尽一切办法,务必

 

3) You could always     him to settle an argument, no matter what was being discussed.

A. believe in

B.call on

C.trust in

D. count on

 

believe in 信仰

call on 看望,拜访;号召

trust in 信仰(=believe in)

count on 依靠,指望

 

4) The border incident led to the two countries     their diplomatic relations.

A.breaking out

B.breaking in

C.breaking through

D.breaking off

 

break out 爆发:突然发生

break in 插嘴:闯入;训练

break through 突破;克服;挣脱而出

break off 突然停止;中断;脱落;暂停

 

5) _     their differences, the couple were developing an obvious and genuine affection for each other.

A. But for

B. For all

C. Above all

D. Except for

 

But for 要是没有,要不是

For all 尽管,虽然

Above all 首先,尤其是

Except for 除了......以外

 

5) Very few experts could     completely new solutions to the world's economic problems.

A.come to

B.come up with

C.come round

D.come through

 

come to 苏醒:达到,总数为

come up with 赶上;提出

come round 再现;恢复知觉;改变看法

come through 经历;获得成功

 

7) It is well-known that the retired workers in our country are     free medical care.

A.entitled to

B.involved in

C. associated with

D.assigned to

 

entitle to 给……权利;给……定名

involve in 卷入,包括

associate with 使联想;交往

assign to 指派

 

8)David likes country life and has decided to______farming.

A. go back on

B.go in for

C. go through with

D.go along with

 

go back on 违背诺言

go in for 从事,爱好;参加竞赛、考试

go through with 完成(或做完) 艰难(或令人不快)的事

go along with 赞同,支持;随行

 

9) She refused to______the car keys to her husband until he had promised to wear his safety belt.

A.hand in

B.hand out

C.hand down

D. hand over

 

hand in 交上;递交

hand out 分发;散发

hand down 传下去;传递;传给

hand over 交出;移交

 

10) Christmas is a Christian holyday usually celebrated on December 25th     the birth of Jesus Christ.

A. in accordance with

B. in terms of

C. in favor of

D.in honor of

 

in accordance with 与……一致,按照,根据

in terms of 根据,按照,.......的话,......方面

in favor of 赞成,支持;有利于

in honor of .......表示敬意;为纪念.......,为庆祝.......

 

11) Oil companies in the U.S. are already beginning to feel the pressure. Refinery workers and petroleum-equipment-manufacturing employees are being     .

A. laid out

B. laid off

C. laid down

D. laid aside

 

lay out 设计,安排;展示

lay off 临时解雇;休息;

lay down 放下;拟订,规定

lay aside ......搁置一旁,收起,积累

 

12) When he realized the police had spotted him, the man____the exit as quickly as possible.

A.made for

B.made out

C. made up to

D. made way

 

make for 快速走向,向前进;促进

make out 理解,领悟,写出;辨认出

make up to 巴结,讨好

make way 让路,腾出地方或位置

 

13) Every man in this country has the right to live where he wants to       the color of his skin.

A. regardless of

B. in the light of

C.by virtue of

D. with the exception of

 

regardless of 不管,不顾

in the light of 鉴于,由于,按照,根据

by virtue of 由于,因为

with the exception of ......之外

 

14) A lorry       Jane's cat and sped away.

A. ran over

B.ran into

C.ran through

D.ran down

 

run over 匆匆地看一遍;浏览;()磯过

run into 偶然遇到; 碰到(困难等);与相撞

run through 浏览,匆匆读完

run down ()耗尽;(健康)衰退;撞倒;谨谢;减少

 

15) The bank manager asked his assistant if it was possible for him to     the investment plan within a week.

C. make out

B. put out

D. set out

A. work out

 

work out 解决;想出,制定

put out 熄灭,关灯;生产出;出版

make out 理解,领悟,写出;辨认出

set out 动身出发;开始;陈述

【答案】1~5ACDDB  6~10 BABDD  11~15 BAAAA

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