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第四节医学考博词汇解题技巧(六)2.近义词

2022-03-01

2.近义词

 

1) According to the latest report, consumer confidence    a breathtaking 15 points last month, to its lowest level in 9 years.

A. soared

B. mutated

C.plummeted

D. fluctuated

 

soar 剧增

mutate 改变

plummet 垂直下落

fluctuate 波动

 

2) The banknotes which had fooled many bank tellers were discovered to be      .

A.artificial

B. genuine

C. counterfeit

D. Faulty

 

artificial 人造的,人工的;做作的

genuine真正的,真实的;真诚的

counterfeit 伪造的,假冒的

faulty 有缺点的,有错误的

 

3) The charitable acts of their boss used to be greatly praised by the people. However, ruthless company downsizing drives and continued layoffs, coupled with rising pay for top managers,have made him look a good deal less     .

A. discourteous

B. prudent

C. benevolent

D. obstinate

 

discourteous 失礼的,无礼貌的

prudent 节俭的,谨慎的

benevolent 善意的,慈善的

obstinate 偏强的,顽固的

 

4) The boy seemed more     to their poverty after seeing how his grandparents lived.

A.reconciled

B. consolidated

C. deteriorated

D. attributed

 

be reconciled to sth.甘于......

consolidate 巩固

deteriorate 恶化

attributed sth. to sth. 将……归结于……

 

5) When a person dies, his debts must be paid before his     can be distributed.

A.paradoxes

B. legacies

C. platitudes

D.analogies

 

paradox 似是而非的论点,自相矛盾的话

legacy 遗产

platitude 陈词滥调

analogy 类似,类推

 

6) Turning cultivated land back into forests or pasture is a fundamental way to stem soil_____and desertification in the long run.

A. erosion

B. depletion

C. violation

D. delusion

 

erosion 侵蚀,侵害

depletion 损耗

violation 违背,妨碍

delusion 错觉

 

7) In that country, a person who marries before legal age must have a parent's      to obtain a license.

A.sanction

B. warrant

C. malignance

D. affirmation

 

sanction 同意,许可

warrant 证明,保护

malignance 恶意,有害

affirmation 断言,主张

 

8) Russian women had to wear protective masks as they walked in Moscow, which was    by a heavy smog yesterday.

A.shrouded

B. unveiled

C.decayed

D. deprived

 

shroud 覆盖,遮蔽

unveil 显露,除去面纱

decay 腐烂

deprive 剥夺,使丧失

 

9) The discrepancy in the company accounts is so    that no auditor could have failed to notice it.

A.spontaneous

B. conspicuous

C. notorious

D. superfluous

 

spontaneous 自发的,自然产生的

conspicuous 显著的

notorious 声名狼的

superfluous 过剩的

 

10) One can understand others much better by noting the immediate and fleeting reactions of their eyes and     to expressed thoughts.

A. dilemmas

B. countenances

C. concessions

D.junctions

 

dilemma 进退两难的局面,困难的选择

countenance 面容,脸色

concession 让步

junction 连接,汇合处

 

11) Participants in the Shanghai Co-operation Forum     regional teamwork to promote investment and economic development.

A. cursed

B.echoed

C.bounced

D.hailed

 

curse 评冒

echo随声附和

bounce 反弹,弹起

hail欢呼,欢迎

 

12) Because a degree from a good university is the means to a better job, education is one of the most______areas in Japanese life.

A. sophisticated

B.competitive

C. considerate

D. superficial

 

sophisticated尖端的,复杂的,先进的;老练的

competitive 竞争的,比赛的

considerate 考虑周到的;体谅的

superficial 表面的; 肤浅的

 

13) It is always    in some ways, because if it were performed as a primitive fending-off or covering-up action, it would obviously be too transparent.

A.scrupulous

B. clamorous

C. intrinsic

D.camouflaged

 

scrupulous 小心谨慎的,细心的

clamorous 吵闹的,大喊大叫的

intrinsic 本质的,真正的

camouflaged 掩饰的,伪装的

14)The    emphasis on exams is by far the wont form of competition in schools.

A. negligent

B. edible

C. fabulous

D. disproportionate

 

negligent 不留心的,粗心大意的

edible 适合食用的,可以吃的

fabulous 传说中的,神话中的

disproportionate 不均衡的,不匀称的,不相称的

 

15)______is practiced to some extent by the adherents of every religion. It often requires abstinence from food, drink, or sexual activity, as in fasting or celibacy and it may also require physical pain or discomfort, such as endurance of extreme heat or cold or self-punishment.

 

A. Extravagance

B.Opulence

C. Deterioration

D. Asceticism

 

extravagance 奢侈,铺张

opulence 富裕

deterioration 变坏,退化

asceticism 禁欲主义,苦行

【答案】1~5 CCCAB   6~10 AAABB    11~15 DBDDD

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