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第四节医学考博词汇解题技巧(六)1.近似词

2022-02-28

()重点词汇练习

 

1.近似词

 

1) He    a hasty meal before going on with his thesis.

A.snatched

B.scratched

C.scraped

D. seized

 

snatch 抽空做,抓紧机会做

scratch ,

scrap 扔弃,掉毁

seize 抓住,夺取

 

2) The police carried out an    investigation, but the missing woman was not yet found.

A. exhausting

B. exhaustible

C. exhaustive

D. Exhausted

 

exhausting 令人疲乏不堪的

exhaustible 用得尽的

exhaustive 无遗漏的

exhausted 耗尽的

3"Better late than never"is a     that is very familiar to most English speakers.

A.plaudit

B.plenary

C.plenty

D. platitude

 

plaudit 拍手,喝彩,称赞,赞美

plenary 十足的,完全的

plenty ,丰富,充分

platitude 陈词滥调,平凡,陈腐

 

4Turning cultivated land back into forests or pasture is a fundamental way to stem soil ______and desertification in the long run.

A. erosion

B. depletion

C. violation

D. delusion

 

erosion 侵害,侵蚀

depletion 损耗

violation 违背,妨碍

delusion 错觉

 

5Her taste runs also to arrangements of Chopin and Joplin, as well as to Japanese and Brazilian music, part of a(n)      approach that is winning her fans around the world.

A. heterogeneous

B.eclectic

C. homogeneous

D. monotonous

 

heterogeneous 不同种类的

eclectic 折衷的

homogeneous 同类的,相似的

monotonous 单调的,无变化的

 

6Some journalists often overstate the situation so that their news may create a great      .

A.explosion

B. sensation

C. exaggeration

D.stimulation

 

explosion 爆炸,爆发

sensation 感觉,知觉;激动,轰动,轰动一时的事情

exaggeration 夸大,夸张

stimulation刺激;激发;激励

 

7) In general, matters which lie entirely within state borders are the     concern of state governments.

A.extinct

B.excluding

C. excessive

D. exclusive

 

extinct灭绝的;熄灭了的

excluding把······除外的,不包括的

excessive 过多的,过分的

exclusive 专有的,独占的;除外的,排他的

 

8His thoughts were     from the painful topic by the sudden arrival of a close friend.

A. dissuaded

B. distracted

C. discerned

D. discounted

 

dissuade 劝阻,劝止,劝诚

dissuade sb. from doing sth.企图劝阻某人做某事

distract 使分心,使混乱

distract from 分散或扰乱某人注意力

discern 辨别,分清

discount 折扣

 

9) This book is about how these basic beliefs and values affect important      of American life.

A. facets

B. formats

C. formulas

D. fashions

 

facet 方面,小平面

format 构成,设计

formula 方案,规则

fashion 风气,风尚

 

10) An increasing proportion of our population, unable to live without advanced medical     will become progressively more reliant on expensive technology.

D. interaction

C. intervention

B.interruption

A. interference

 

interference 干涉,干扰:妨碍

interruption 中断,打断:阻碍

intervention 干涉,干预;插入,介入

interaction 互相作用,互相影响

 

11) Furthermore, if I were to leave him, he would     , for he cannot endure to be separated from me for more than one hour.

A.prevail

B.preside

C.perish

D. persecute

 

prevail 流行,盛行,获胜

preside 主持

perish 毁灭,使麻木

persecute 迫害

 

12) Their demand for a pay raise has not the slightest     of being met.

A.prospect

B.prediction

C.prosperity

D. permission

 

prospect 前景;展望;可能的主顾

prediction 预言;预测

prosperity繁荣,兴旺,富有

permission 允许,正式/官方允许

 

13) This factory is planning to build a new_____line this year.

A. resemble

B.assembly

C.productive

D. assess

 

resemble ,类似

assembly 集合,集会;装配

productive 生产的,多产的

assess 估价,评价

 

14) Mr. Bloom is not     now, but he will be famous someday.

A.significant

B. dominant

C. magnificent

D.prominent

 

significant重要的;有意义的

dominant 占优势的;主要的

magnificent壮丽的,宏伟的;极好的

prominent 突起的,凸出的;突出的,杰出的

 

15) The coming of the railways in the 1830s     our society and economic life.

A. transformed

B. transported

C. transferred

D. transmitted

 

transform 转变;改造;变换;变压

transport 运输,搬运;运输;运输工具

transfer 迁移,调动;转车;转学;转让,过户

transmit 传递;传播;播送

 

【答案】1~5ACDAB  6~10 BDBAC  11~15 CABDA

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