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雅思13阅读 Test 4 Reading 3 佳句赏析

2022-02-10

佳句赏析

 

1. The only question is how to achieve it, and here positive psychology - a supposed science that not only identifies what makes people happy but also allows their happiness to be measured - can show the way.

 

参考译文:唯一的问题是如何达到这种状态,在这方面积极心理学会提供方法,这门所谓的科学不仅界定什么使人们感到幸福,也会使幸福能够被测量。

 

语言点:本句中,主句为The only question is how to achieve it,and here positive psychology can show the way,句中出现了比较长的插人语,对前面的名词positive psychology进行解释,说明人们希望积极心理学不仅能够界定是什么为人们带来幸福,同时也使幸福可以被测量。

 

2. Those who think in this way are oblivious to the vast philosophical literature in which the meaning and value of happiness have been explored and questioned, and write as if nothing of any importance had been thought on the subject until it came to their attention.

 

参考译文:那些以这种方式思考的人并未了解丰富的哲学文献,在其中幸福的含义和价值已经被探究和问询,并且他们在写作时,就像在他们开始关心这一主题之前任何重要的事情都没有被思考过一样。

 

语言点:本句主语为Those who think in this way,两个并列的动词分别是arewrite,因此第一个分句为are oblivious to the vast philosophical literature in which the meaning...questioned,第二个分句为write as if nothing of any importance had been thought...attention

 

3. The Greck philosopher Aristotle may have identified happiness with self-realisation in the 4th century BC, and thinkers throughout the ages may have struggled to reconcile the pursuit of happiness with other human values, but for Bentham all this was mere metaphysics or fiction.

 

参考译文:希腊哲学家亚里士多德或许在公元前4世纪将幸福定义为与自我实现有关,这一时代的思想家们似乎在努力处理好对幸福的追求与其他人类价值之间的关系,但对Bentham而言这一切都只是形而上的或虚构的东西。

 

语言点:本句共包含三个分句,转折前的两个分句分别是The Greek philosopher Aristotle..in the4th century BC thinkers throughout the ages may have...other human values,but之后给出了Bentham 对这种观点的态度,all this was mere metaphysics or fiction

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