Part Ⅲ Cloze (10%)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten numbered blanks. For each blank, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D . Choose the best answer mark the letter of your choice on the ANSWER SHEET.
Are some people born clever and others born stupid? Or is intelligence developed by our environment and our experiences? Strangely 51 , the answer to both these questions is yes. To some extent our intelligence is given us at birth, and no amount of special education can make a genius 52 a child born with low intelligence, On the other hand, a child who lives in boring environment will develop his intelligence less than the one who lives in rich and varied surroundings. Thus the 53 of a person' s intelligence are fixed at birth, but whether or not he reaches those limits will depend on his 54 This view, not held by most experts, can be supported in a number of ways.
It is easy to show that intelligence is to some extent 55 we are born with. The closer the blood relationship between two people, the closer they are likely to be in intelligence. Thus if we take two unrelated people 56 , it is likely that their degrees of intelligence will be completely different. If on the other hand we take two identical twins they will likely be as intelligent as each other. Relations like brothers and sisters, parents and children, usually have 57 intelligence and this clearly suggests that intelligence depends on birth. 58 now that we take identical twins and put them in different environments. We might send one, for example to a university and the other to a factory where the work is boring. We would soon find differences in intelligence developing, and this indicates that environment 59 birth plays a part. This conclusion is also suggested by the 60 that people who live in close contact with each other, but who are not related at all, are likely to have similar degrees of intelligence.
51. A. quite B. enough C. sure D. so
52. A. out of B. into C. from within D. off
53. A. amounts B. qualities C. limits D. scores
54. A. disposition B. perception C. endowment D. environment
55. A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything
56. A. in advance B. for effect C. at random D. under way
57. A. similar B. various C. appropriate D. inborn
58. A. Look B. Believe C. Suggest D. Imagine
59. A. and B. or rather C. as well as D. but for
60. A. fact B. event C. condition D. environment