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医学考博英语特训教材完形填空1试题

2022-01-24

Part Ⅲ  Cloze (10%)

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten numbered blanks. For each blank, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D . Choose the best answer mark the letter of your choice on the ANSWER SHEET.

 

 

Are some people born clever and others born stupid? Or is intelligence developed by our environment and our experiences? Strangely   51   , the answer to both these questions is yes. To some extent our intelligence is given us at birth, and no amount of special education can make a genius   52  a child born with low intelligence, On the other hand, a child who lives in boring environment will develop his intelligence less than the one who lives in rich and varied surroundings. Thus the   53  of a person' s intelligence are fixed at birth, but whether or not he reaches those limits will depend on his   54  This view, not held by most experts, can be supported in a number of ways.

 

 

It is easy to show that intelligence is to some extent   55  we are born with. The closer the blood relationship between two people, the closer they are likely to be in intelligence. Thus if we take two unrelated people   56   , it is likely that their degrees of intelligence will be completely different. If on the other hand we take two identical twins they will likely be as intelligent as each other. Relations like brothers and sisters, parents and children, usually have  57   intelligence and this clearly suggests that intelligence depends on birth.  58   now that we take identical twins and put them in different environments. We might send one, for example to a university and the other to a factory where the work is boring. We would soon find differences in intelligence developing, and this indicates that environment   59   birth plays a part. This conclusion is also suggested by the   60  that people who live in close contact with each other, but who are not related at all, are likely to have similar degrees of intelligence.

 

51. A. quite B. enough C. sure D. so

52. A. out of B. into C. from within D. off

53. A. amounts B. qualities C. limits D. scores

54. A. disposition  B. perception C. endowment D. environment

55. A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything

56. A. in advance  B. for effect C. at random D. under way

57. A. similar B. various C. appropriate D. inborn

58. A. Look B. Believe C. Suggest D. Imagine

59. A. and B. or rather C. as well as D. but for

60. A. fact B. event C. condition D. environment

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