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医学考博英语词汇Section A学习【3】

2022-01-07

Section A

 

Directions: In this section all the sentences are incomplete. Beneath each of them are given four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose the word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, mark the letter of your choice on the ANSWER SHEET.

 

31. The ________ conditions and places are likely to cause diseases.

A. unsanitary B. insidious C. insane D. inefficacious

 

32. The witness was ________ by the judge for failing to answer the question.

A. abstained B. acquitted C. admonished D. adduced.

 

33. He has ________ two cars this year because of traffic accidents.

A. pulled of B. worn out C. passed out D. written off

 

34. People ore much better informed since the ________ of the Internet.

A. convenient B. advent C. interface D. aftermath

 

35. AH instruments that come into contact with the patient must be ________ before being used by others.

A. sterilized B. labeled C. quarantined D. retained

 

36. By adopting this cunning policy, the clinic risks ________ many of its patients.

A. acquitting B. allocating C. alleviating D. alienating

 

37. Humor can also be a powerful ________ against stress and misfortune.

A. bravery B. blossom C. buffer D. buffet

 

38. Diabetes upsets the ________ of sugar, fat and protein.

A. metastasis B. metabolism C. malaise D. maintenance

 

39. The muscular ________ can affect the way we feel mentally.

A. potency B. fiber C. lethargy D. synthesis

 

40. Evidence is widespread that HIV-infected persons show to ________ their unsafe behavior

A. respond to B. reflect on C. wipe out D. put off

 

详解

 

31. A  原句的意思:不卫生的条件和地方会引起疾病. 各选项的意思分别是:A. unsanitary不卫生的;B. insidious阴险的;C. insane患精神病的;D. inefficacious 无效力的。选项A. unsanitary不卫生的,符合原句意思,是正确答案。

 

32. C  原句意思:证人因不能回答问题受到法官警告。各选项的意思分别是:A. abstained被放弃;B. acquitted告无罪;C. admonished受到警告;D. adduced被引证。选项C. admonished受到警告,符合原句意思,是正确答案。

 

33. B  原句意思:由于车祸,他去年报废了两辆汽车。各选项的意思分别是:A. 不是固定搭配,pull:拉、拽;B. worn outwear out的过去分词形式,意思是:磨损,用坏;C. passed out昏倒;D. written off取消;选项B. worn out磨损,用坏,与原文意思贴近,是正确答案。

 

34. B  原句意思:自从有了因特网,人们信息灵通多了。各选项的意思分别是:A. convenient方便的:Badvent(不寻常的人或事)出现、到来;C. interface界面;D. aftermath 后果;选项B. (不寻常的人或事)出现、到来,符合原句意思,是正确答案。

 

35. A  原句意思:所有病人接触过的器械再次使用前必须经过消毒。各选项的意思分别是:A. sterilized消毒;B. labeled:加标签;C. quarantined隔离;D. retained保留。选项A. 消毒,符合原句意思,是正确答案。

 

36. D  原句意思:采纳这项狡猾政策,医院会冒疏远患者之险。各选项的意思分别是:A. acquitting宣告无罪;B. allocating分配;C. alleviating减轻(痛苦)D. alienating疏远,符合原句意思,是正确答案。

 

37. C  原句意思:幽默也能成为缓解压力和不幸的强有力缓冲剂。各选项的意思分别是:A. bravery勇敢;B. blossom开花期;C. buffer缓冲()D. buffet打击或自助餐。选项C buffer缓冲(),符合原句意思,是正确答案。

 

38. B  原句意思:糖尿病打乱了糖、脂肪和蛋白代谢机制。各选项的意思分别是:A. metastasis转移;B. metabolism代谢机制;C. malaise不适;D. maintenance维持。选项B. metabolism代谢机制,符合原文意思,是正确答案。

 

39. A  原句意思:肌肉力量可能影响我们的精神状态。各选项的意思分别是:A. potency量;B. fiber肌肉纤维;C. lethargy无力气;D. synthesis合成。Apotency 力量,符合原文意思,是正确答案。

 

40. B  原句意思:大量证据显示,HIV感染者与他们的不安全行为方式有关系。选项A. respond to做出反应;B. reflect on有关系;C. wipe out:消灭;D. put off:扔掉。B项符合原句意思。

 

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