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医学考博英语词汇Section A学习【1】

2022-01-06

Section A

 

Directions: In this section all the sentences are incomplete. Four words or pareses, marked A, B, C and D, are given beneath each of them. You are to choose the word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET.

 

31. The doctor gave him an injection in order to _______ the pain.

   A. alleviate   B. aggregate  C. abolish   D. allocate

 

32. His broken arm healed will, but she died of the pneumonia which followed as a _______.

   A. complement  B. compliment  C. complexion   D. complication

 

33. Unfortunately, our vacation plans _____ on account of transport strikes.

   A. fell back   B. fell through C. fell upon   D. fell to

 

34. The ______ climate of Hawaii attracts visitors form all over the world every year.

   A. genial  B. frigid  C. genuine  D. foul

 

35. This is the ______ in which the organism lives most effectively.

   A. optimum   B. option  C. ordeal   D. orbit

 

36. The doctor suggests that a good holiday in the country should ____ him nicely after his operation.

   A. setoff   B. set up  C. setoff   D. setaside

 

37. His behavior was so ______ that even the merciful people could not forgive him.

   A. unique   B. unconventional  C. brutal   D. brilliant

 

38. ______ to your present job until you can get a better one.

   A. Hang about   B. Hang back  C. Hang behind   D. Hang on

 

39. Suffering from his leg illness, Tom is very _______ nowadays.

   A. emaciated   B. eligible  C. elastic   D. exceptional

 

40. He saved some money for artistic _______ such as fine paintings.

   A. donations  B. profits  C. luxuries   D. lures

 

详解:

 

Section A

 

31.【A】alleviate减轻;aggregate聚集,总计;abolish取消;allocate分派,分配。根据句意“医生给他注射来缓解疼痛。”所以选A。

 

32.【D】complement补助,补充;compliment称赞;complexion肤色,面色;complication并发症。根据句意“他的断肢愈合的很好,但最终因并发症死于肺炎。”所以选D。

 

33.【B】fall back后退,退却;fall through失败,成为泡影;fall upon开始行动,进攻;fall to开始。本句句意“不幸的是,我们的假期计划终因运输业罢工而成为泡影。”所以选B。

 

34.【A】genial亲切的,宜人的;frigid寒冷的;genuine真诚的;foul污移的。

 

35.【A】optimum最适宜;option选择;ordeal折磨,严酷的考验;orbit轨道。

 

36.【B】set out 出发:set up建立,设立,扶持;setoff出发;setaside均出,留出。

37.【C】unique独特的:unconventional非传统的;brutal粗鲁的,野蛮的;brilliant有才气的。根据句意“他的行为如此野蛮,即使最仁慈的人也无法原谅他。”所以选C。

 

38.【D】hang about 闲逃;hang back却步,犹豫;hang behind 落后:hang on坚持。

 

39.【A】emaciated瘦弱的,虚弱的;eligible合格的;elastic有弹性的;exceptional异常的,例外的。根据句意“由于腿部病痛,汤姆如今非常虚弱。”所以选A。

 

40.【C】donation 捐赠;profit利益;luxury奢修品;lure诱惑。

 

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