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专插本英语阅读冲刺教材第四课

2021-12-31

第四课

 

Directions: In this section, there are four passages, each of which is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. Choose the best answer and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 

Passage 1

 

In the 1900's, American townspeople usually washed and brushed their teeth and combed their hair in the kitchen. Or they kept a water pitcher and a wash basin in their rooms and took care of these things there.

 

The bathtub was a wash tub filled with water from the stove. If you were small enough you could sit down by drawing your knees to your chest. Otherwise, you washed yourself standing up. Often all the women and girls in the family bathed together. Then the men and boys did. In most families this was Saturday night because Sundays they went to church.

 

A small number of families did have running water. But that depended on whether there was a water system where they lived and on whether they could afford the plumbing. Some people had bathtubs in their homes as early as 1895. But many others did not have their first bath in a bathtub until 1910 or later when they were fifteen or sixteen years old.

31. In the first paragraph, "took care of" means "_____

A.kept  B. looked after  C. used  D. kept and used

 

32. In order to use the water from the stove, there     be a pipe connecting the tub with the stove.

A. must  B. seemed to  C. need  D. should

 

33. Which of the following statements is true?

A. Males and females in the family took turns using the bathtub.

B. Some bathtubs were big enough for many people to bathe in at the same time.

C. All the women and girls of a family could bathe together standing up in the tub.

D. When several family members bathed together, they did not use the bathtub.

34._____Americans owned a bathtub as early as 1895.

A.Many  B. Not all  C. All  D.Few

 

35. We can infer that the plumbing_at that time.

A. cost little   B. was more expensive than a water system

C. was too expensive for every family to afford   D. was not necessary

 

Passage 2

 

There are some special traditions in Hawaii. People are very friendly and always welcome visitors.

 

They give visitors a lei, a long necklace of beautiful fresh flowers. Men wear bright flowered shirts, and women often wear long flowered dresses. There are traditional Chinese, Japanese and Philippine holidays and all the holidays from the United States. They call Hawaii the Aloha State. Aloha means both hello and goodbye. It also means "I love you".

 

Usually when people from different countries, races and traditions live together, there are serious problems. There are a few problems in Hawaii but, in general, people have leamed to live together in peace.

 

Hawaiians get most of their money from visitors, and most of the visitors come from the mainland and from Japan. There are so many people living in Hawaii now that there are residential areas where there used to be farms. Some of the big sugar and apple companies have moved to the Philippine, where they do not have to pay workers as much money. The families of the first people who came from the U. S. ma-inland own the important banks and companies. Japanese are also buying or starting businesses.

 

36. A good title for this article might be     .

A. Hawaii, the Aloha State

B. Living in Peace Together

C. The Flowers of Hawaii

D. The Problems of Hawaii

 

37. The author wants to show that      .

A. we should all go to Hawaii

B. it is possible to learn to live together in peace

C. it is not possible to live together in peace

D. Hawaii is the only place where there is peace

 

38. A lei is a      .

A. group of flowers

B. bright flowered shirt

C. way to say hello and goodbye

D. necklace of flowers

 

39. Why have the people of Hawaii come to live in peace?

A. Because they have a beach.

B. Because they are in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.

C. They really don't live in peace.

D. Because they learned that it was the best.

 

40.      plays an important part in the development of Hawaii.

A. Modern industry  B. Agriculture  C. The airline  D. Business in travel

 

Passage 3

 

In the morning of May 5th, 1975, the astronaut named Harry Jackson was given very careful medical examination. Then he was sent to the launching position, where the spaceship Astra was waiting to be launched. After Harry Jackson put on his special space suit, a lift took him up to the rocket, which was65 feet above the ground.

 

The count-down started, "six, five, four, three, two, one, zero, lift off, " and the rocket immediately left the earth at a very high speed.

 

After two and a half minutes, the rocket was moving at 5,000 miles an hour. When the Astra was 425 miles above the earth, it stopped for 20 minutes. Then Harry Jackson left his spaceship and swam around in space. He was fixed by a life-line that would help him return to the spaceship.

 

As he moved about in space, he kept taking photos with his specially-made camera of what he did and saw. Afterwards he used the life-line to pull himself back to the spaceship. Then the Astra began to fall backForty-eight hours after the flight had started, Harry Jackson and his spaceship fell down in the Atlantic, where a waiting helicopter picked him up.

 

The flight was carried out exactly as it was planned and was really a great success. When the results of the trip was announced, the whole nation cheered for it with great joy.

 

41The best title of this passage is     .

A. The First Space Walker  B. A Successful Flight

C. A Great Success        D. Harry Jackson-- First Space-Swimmer

 

42The Astra was     .

A.a rocket                        B. an ordinary jet plane

C. a spaceship launched by a rocket   D. a rocket operated by Harry Jackson

 

43. The whole flight took      to complete.

A. nearly fifty hours  B. twenty minutes  C. two and a half minutes  D. several days

 

44. When the Astra was the earth, it stopped for twenty minutes so that the astronaut     .

A. 65 feet above; could walk in space

B. 5 000 miles above; could swim in space

C. 425 miles away from; could carry out the plan which had been arranged

D. very far away from; could take photos of what he did and saw

 

45. The life-line was used      .

A. to keep the astronaut from floating away from the Astra

B. to help Harry Jackson to take photos

C. to keep in touch with the launching centre on the earth

D. not leave the Astra for a moment

 

Passage 4

 

China's 5000-meter Olympic Champion Wang Junxia is suffering from a serious condition brought on by stress and her heavy training schedule, according to her coach. Wang was China's only athletic med-alist in the Atlanta Olympic Games, winning gold in the women's 5,000 meters and silver in the 10,000meters.

 

"Wang Junxia is suffering from serious neurasthenia(神经衰弱),which is causing her insomnia(失眠)and even making it painful for her to run." Coach Wang Dezhen told reporters. In an interview with China's National Television Station -CCTV, Wang said that her headaches come whenever she runs.

 

Neurasthenia is a general term for a condition whose symptoms range from fatigue and anxiety to listlessness.

 

"The condition has been brought on by her hard training schedule these past few years and she needs a good rest." said Mao, who took over Wang's training when the long-distance star split with long-time coach Ma Junren in late 1994.

 

Wang is currently recuperating in Shenyang, capital of Liaoning Province, but will join the rest of the provincial team in the southern city of Nanning for winter training in February, Mao said.

 

46. What following is the reason for which Wang Junxia suffers from a serious nervous condition?

A. Poor health.

B. Too much stress.

C. Heavy training.

D. Both B and C.

 

47. According to the passage,          .

A. she has stopped training

B. she has been training very hard

C. she has been a serious headaches

D. she has been in good health

 

48. Which of the following is right?

A. She got two gold medals in the Atlanta Olympic Games.

B. She is from Northeast of China.

C. She is now training in the southern city of Nanning.

D. She has been guided by Coach Mao Dezhen for five years.

 

49. The best title of the passage is      .

A. Wang Needs a Good Rest

B. Wang's Schedule Isn't Scientific

C. Wang Faces a Serious Problem of Neurasthenia

D. Coach Wang's New Challenge

 

50. Where is the passage probably taken from?

A. A novel.  B. An ad.  C. A newspaper.  D. A magazine.

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