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医学考博英语实践教材【2】听力原文

2021-12-25

Section A

 

1.

 

W: I am thinking of sending a parcel to New York next week. Can you tell me what the procedure is,please?

 

M: Certainly, When you ring us, we need the following information: the invoice address, the pickup address if that's different, and a contact phone number.

 

Q:Which of the following details about the sender is not the one Parcel Express needs?

 

2.

 

W: Have you heard it? Gigantic waves of flame had destroyed 800 homes and consumed about 120,000hectares of land.

 

M: Yes. Authorities said they were seeking 2 men in connection with the fires, which they believe were started deliberately.

 

Q:When were the fires thought to have been started?

 

3.

 

W: The bodies of dozens of immigrants were discovered off the Italian coast. They all are believed to come from Somalia.

 

M: A coast guard spokesman said 15 of 100 illegal immigrants survived being thrown into the Mediterranean Sea.

 

Q:Where did illegal immigrants come from?

 

4.

 

W: There has been modest growth in tourism worldwide, despite 2 years of terrorism, war and disease.

 

M: France remains the most popular destination, receiving more than 77 million visitors, followed by Spain, the United States, and Italy.

 

Q:Which country ranks second among leading tourism nations?

 

5.

 

W: So Mr. Johnson, you would like to write material for computers, would you?

 

M: Yes, ma'ma, that's what interests me most about computers: writing programs. I am sure that career prospects in the computer industry will be very good.

 

Q: What would Mr. Johnson like to work as?

 

6.

 

 M: Kids, be quiet. Listen to the train announcement.

 

W: Attention all passengers, platform change. The train now standing at platform 9 is the 10:48 train,calling at all stations to Washington. Please note, the 10:52 to New York will now leave from platform 7.

 

Q:Where is the train to Washington now standing?

 

7.

 

W: If these prices get any higher, I'll have to go on a diet.

 

M: You should anyway.

 

Q:What does the man tell us?

 

8.

 

W: Do you think Henry is up to running the business?

 

M:I'm afraid it's over his head.

 

Q:What does the man mean?

 

9.

 

 M: I thought it would be fun if we all went to see that movie downtown.

 

W: Count me out. I have heard it isn't worth the money.

 

Q:What does the woman mean?

 

10.

 

W: What are your remarks on the sales for beef?

 

M: Yeah, the sales for beef have been flat in recent years.

 

Q:What can we learn from the conversation?

 

11.

 

M: How about the food in that Chinese taken-away?

 

W:Actually not everyone is happy with the food.

 

Q:What does the woman imply?

 

12.

 

M: As they say, one man's meat is another man's poison.

 

W:Sure.

 

Q:What does the man mean?

 

13.

 

W: As a professor in history and also a Chinese American, can you use a word to describe the history of Chinese Americans?

 

M: Bitter. For many years it was common in the States to associate Chinese Americans with restaurants and laundries.

 

Q:What had Chinese Americans been associated with for many years in the United States?

 

14.

 

M: Oh, Mrs. Smith. Keep your eyes on the road! No! You almost collided with the truck. Turn right here, and wait, wait. Stop. How in the world did you pass the written test anyway?

 

W: Oh, sorry about that. It won't happen again.

 

Q:What can be implied from what the man says?

 

15.

 

W: Would you say something about yoga before we begin our first yoga class?

 

M: It's important we learn a few facts about yoga. First of all, it is not a religion. Yoga is a way of and life and can serve only to improve your present way of life. Yoga is an exact science and a delicate art.

 

Q: Which of the following statements is not the one to describe yoga according to the conversation?

 

Section B

 

Passage One

 

W: What are you going to do about those people who haven't got jobs?

 

M: I have every intention of making sure that every possible step is taken. First of all to halt the increase in the unemployment figures, and secondly to provide a meaningful and worthwhile job for every man and woman in the country.

 

W: What about the traffic congestion in the centre of town?

 

M: I am glad you brought that up. I think so many people are concerned with the problems of the environment. It's essential that each one of us realizes the responsibility we all have in the fight against pollution and in the preservation of our cultural and social heritage. We must hope for better time.

 

W: Are you going to do anything for the old age pensioners?

 

M: Of course we are. The retired people of today are the people who built this country, who made it what it is

 

W: What do you intend to do about the hooligans, then, the kids that go round smashing things up because they haven't been educated to do anything better with their time?

 

M: This is obviously a very serious and difficult problem. Now I don't want you to get the wrong idea. There are thousands of well-meaning, responsible teenagers, and it is my firm conviction that they are in the majority. The trouble is caused by a handful of violent and well-organized louts, and: we have no intention of letting them getting away with it.

 

Questions 16-20 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

 

16. What does the man promise to do with the unemployment problem?

17. According to the man, what should people do with traffic congestion?

18. How does the man evaluate the old age pensioners?

19. What is the wrong idea about the hooligans?

20. What does he intend to do about the violent and well-organized louts?

 

Passage Two

 

Most people probably do not need to take vitamin pills to improve their health. Yet millions of people do. In the United States 40 percent of the people reportedly take vitamin pills.

 

The American Medical Association noted that vitamins can help keep people healthy when used correctly. For example, children may need to take vitamins for a while; pregnant women and women breast-feeding their children may need vitamins; people who do not eat meat or are eating less food to lose weight may need them. In general, other people do not. But they should try to eat moderate amounts of all kinds of foods-fruits and vegetables, grains, milk products, and meat and fish.

 

About half of all Americans who take vitamins use small amounts just to increase their vitamin levels a little. Dr. Callaway notes those daily levels are already a little higher than we need for good health. Thhealth care groups say these people probably are not harming themselves. The other half uses large amounts in an effort to prevent some things as cancer and heart disease. Callaway says that there's no proof that this works. And huge amounts of vitamins, he says, can be harmful. For example, too much vitamin A can damage the liver and bones; too much vitamin B can damage the nerves; too much vitamin C or vitamin D may produce kidney stones.

 

Questions 21-25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

 

21. What may damage one's nerves if being taken too much?

22. What should those who don't have to take vitamin eat?

23. In the U.S.A, how many people are reported to take vitamin?

24. Which group of people need to take vitamin?

25. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

 

Passage Three

 

Studies of the effect that makes many of us slumber or feel sleepy during the queen's Speech on Christmas Day have revealed that changes may be required in Britain's drink drive legislation.

 

Dr. James Horne, director of the Sleep Research Laboratory at Loughborough University, is investigating post-lunch sleepiness." We humans are designed to sleep twice a day, once at night and a short nap after lunch, but in this part of the world we tend to repress that." It is a remnant of the same primeval programming that makes all animals in the bush rest in the hot afternoon sun to conserve energy.

 

In his studies Dr. Horne has been investigating the role of alcohol. The theory is that if you are more sleepy after lunch then it figures that alcohol will be more potent after lunch. One would figure then that pint of beer at lunchtime has more effect than in the evening, when people are more alert. Indeed, we find that it has about twice the effect."This has more sinister implications. If people take alcohol up to the legal driving limit, their performance is seriously impaired after lunch," he said. "It seems that alcohol interacts with the circadian rhythm of sleep to cause afternoon sleepiness, so that one pint at lunch time i equivalent, in effect, to a quart in the evening." Dr. Horne recommends mild exercise, a splash of cold air or cold water on the face, or a cup of coffee. Otherwise, take a cat nap. But this should be less than 15minutes, "otherwise, sleep really sets in and one can wake up feeling very groggy and far sleepier than to be gained with."

 

Questions 26-30 are based on the passage you have just heard.

 

26. What does the passage imply?

27. Who take a rest in the hot afternoon sun?

28. Why oughtn't most drivers drink at all at lunchtime?

29. According to the passage, if you sleep more than 15 minutes after lunch, what will happen?

30. What can be inferred from this passage?

26-30 C C B C C

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