新闻中心

考研英语二写作指导

2020-09-19

作文写作步骤

  1. 看标题,找主语(数量,比例)

数量number, amountmoney, time

[可数] [可数]

比例percentage, proportion, share

  1. X-Y
  2. 规律-反常
    • interpret解释(分析数据)
    • comments评论

 

重要表达方式

  1. 图表类型

line graph图标, table表格, bar chart柱状图, pie chart饼状图

  1. 图标指向

The graph illustrates…                         图表说明...

The bar chart shows data for…                   条形图显示的数据...

It can be clearly seen from the pie chart that…       从饼图可以清楚地看到...

  1. 时间段

over the past 5 years                            在过去5

over this span of 28 years                        在这28年的跨度

during the period from March to May              3月至5月期间

throughout the period                           整个期间

for the rest of the period                         在剩余的时间

  1. 动词

percentage百分比, number数量

               amount

experience huge fall                            经历巨大的衰落

巨大的vast, massive, enormous, immense, tremendous

something unexpected                          意外

occurred…                                   发生

There be…                                   会有

Japan experienced a massive increase in car ownership in the 1930’s

日本在20世纪30年代经历了汽车拥有量的大幅增长

  1. 变化趋势
  1. 增加/上升/提高

rise graduallyrose)                     逐渐上升

climb rapidlyclimbed                  迅速爬升

go up significantlywent up)              显着上升

     rise slightly                         略有上升

The number experienced slight rise.

数字略有上升。

experience dramatic increase                经验显着增加

People holding a Bachelor’s degree only managed a moderate increase of $5 per week.

持有学士学位的人只管理每周适度增加5美元。

  1. 减少/下降

drop slowlydropped                   慢慢下降

fall sharplyfell                       大幅下降

go down by a big amountwent down      大量下跌

diminish slightlydiminished)             略有减少

gradual decline                           逐渐下降

  1. 保质平稳/不变

remain fairly constant / steady / stable / unchanged保持相当稳定

level off                                 变得稳定

change slightly                           轻微改变

earnings amongst university                 大学中的收入

graduates remained fairly steady after 1985.

毕业生在1985年以后保持相对稳定。

  1. 起伏/波动

There are minor(small) fluctuations between…and…   之间有较小的波动

rise and fall

fluctuate slightly / dramatically

 

  1. 比较

compared with                                ....相比

in contrast to                                  相比之下

huge difference                                巨大的差异

Between 1965 and 1985, there was significant(little) difference in the earnings between high school leavers and university graduates.In 1980, professionals with a Master’s or a Doctoral degree earned slightly more than those with a Bachelor’s degree.The biggest change occurred in the period from 1985 to 1995, when high school leavers enjoyed the greatest increase in earnings.During the same period, professionals with a Doctoral degree enjoyed the same average earnings as those who had done postdoctoral research.

1965年和1985年之间,高中毕业生和大学毕业生的收入之间存在显着(小)的差异。1980年,获得硕士或博士学位的毕业生的收入略高于那些具有学士学位的毕业生。最大的变化发生在1985年至1995年期间,当时高中毕业生的收入增长最大。在同一时期,具有博士学位的专业人士享有与从事博士后研究的人相同的平均收入。

  1. 数值表达

The rate of female smokers remained stable at 320 until 1994. 

女性吸烟者的比率在1994年之前保持稳定在320

The spending dropped by two thirds to 14% in 1996.

1996年的支出下降了三分之二,达到14%。

  1. 结论

in conclusion                                 结论是

overall                                      总的来说

consequently                                 因此/所以

It can be concluded that…                       可以得出结论:

  1. 结论分析

While people’s earnings increased according their level were far smaller than would be expected.

然而人们的收入水平增加远远小于预期。

What’s more interesting, however, is that the increase in earnings amongst high school leavers was far higher than the earnings for university graduates.

更有趣的是,高中毕业生的收入增长远远高于大学毕业生。

 

at+静止数值at 15%

by+变化数值by about 15%

费用,花费

cost, spending, expenditure, expense

 

替换词组

  • 另外:Moreover, Furthermore, What’s more, In addition,
  • 事实上In effect, Indeed, In fact,
  • 因此ConsequentlyAs a consequence, Thus, Therefore,
  • 然而However,

 

 

作文框架:150~200

总体描述It can be clearly seen from the  that 主题 change during the period from 时间1 to 时间2.②起点解释一Firstly, we can easily find that 细节描述. 起点解释二What’s more, 细节描述. 变化规律一In fact, 变化规律. 变化规律二Moreover, 变化规律. 反常现象一However, what surprises us most is that反常细节. 反常现象二Interestingly, 反常细节.

There are several factors that may account for such change. ⑤规律原因First of all, an evident reason lies in the fact that 规律原因. ⑥反常原因However, 反常原因.

⑦结论Thus, Given the analysis above, it can be concluded that 结论. ⑧建议一Therefore, it is fairly reasonable and wise that 建议.    建议二In addition, another suggestion is that 建议.

 

①图表类型中可以清楚地看出,主题时间1时间2期间发生了变化。首先,我们很容易发现,细节描述。此外,细节描述。实际上,变化规律此外,变化规律然而,令我们最惊讶的是,反常细节。有趣的是,反常细节

有几个原因可以解释这种变化。首先,一个明显的原因是,规律原因。然而,反常原因

因此,根据上述分析,可以得出结论,结论。因此,建议是相当合理和明智的。另外,另一个建议是建议

 

 

 

  • table表格 / bar chart柱状图 / line chart曲线图

饼状图第一句:

It can be clearly seen from the pie chart that 主题 massively vary based on the pie chart.

饼状图中可以清楚地看出,主题基于饼图大量地变化。

 

 

 

No.1                                                                          

大学生时间分配变化表

 

Academic works

Sports

Union activities

大一

50%

15%

35%

大二

55%

15%

30%

大三

95%

2%

3%

 

总体解释It can be clearly seen from the table that(主语)time using proportions of college students change during the period from 1st year to 3rd year. 起点解释一In the beginning year of study, college students spent exactly half of their time doing academic works. 起点解释二And time for union activities ranked 2ndat 15%and sports time least. 变化规律Then the three shares remained fairly constant during the 2nd year. 反常现象However, what surprises us most is that, during the 3rd year, the percentage of time for academic works rose dramatically to 95%, whereas time for the remaining two categories fell(shrunk) sharply to 2% and 3%.

中可以清楚地看出,大学生的时间使用比例第一年第三年期间发生了变化。在学习的初期,大学生花费了一半的时间做学术工作。而社团活动的时间排名第二(15%),体育时间最少。然后三个分配在第二年保持相当稳定。然而,令我们最惊讶的是,在第三年,学术工作的时间百分比大幅上升到95%,然而其余两个类别的时间大幅下降(缩小)到2%和3%。

 

There are several factors that may account for such changes. Firstly, it is natural for college students to use most of their time, no less than half, to do academic works. Moreover, during the first two years, sports and union activities are both essential for physical and spiritual health. In effect, spending almost all of their time on studies must result from the fact that junior students have been preparing(现在完成进行时) for graduate entrance examination.

有几个原因可以解释这种变化。首先,大学生自然而然地使用他们大部分的时间,不少于一半,做学术工作。此外,在头两年,体育和社团活动对身体和精神健康至关重要。实际上,花费几乎所有的时间在学习上一定是因为大三学生已经准备毕业考试。

 

Given the analysis above, it can be concluded that(主语)time allocation of college students massively varies in different stages of enrollment. It is fairly reasonable and wise that, while the largest time share should be utilized for academic improvement, college students should not ignore the essential benefits provided by sports.

根据上述分析,可以得出结论,大学生的时间分配在不同的入学阶段大不相同。这是相当合理和明智的,虽然最大的时间分配应该用于改善学习,大学生不应忽视体育的基本好处

 

No.2                                                                          

中国居民交通工具使用变化表

 

自行车

私家车

公交车

1980

70%

0%

30%

1995

30%

25%

45%

2010

35%

45%

20%

 

总体解释It can be clearly seen from the table that the percentages of traffic tools of Chinas residents change during the period from 1980 to 2010. 起点解释一Firstly, we can easily find that in 1980 the cycliststhe proportion of bicycle riders accounted for the largest share, which was 70%. 起点解释二Moreover, there was exactly no one owning a private car at that time. 变化规律In effect, the percentages of private car owners rose gradually throughout the period. 反常现象一However, what surprises us most is that the proportions of cyclists dropped dramatically from 70% to 30% before they climbed slightly to 35%. 反常现象二Interestingly, the share of bus takers just experienced opposite route(direction).

中可以清楚地看出,中国居民的交通工具的百分比19802010期间发生了变化。首先,我们很容易发现,1980年骑自行车的人占了最大的份额,为70%。此外,当时没有人拥有私家车。实际上,私家车拥有者的百分比在整个期间逐渐上升。然而,令我们最惊讶的是,骑自行车的比例从70%急剧下降到30%,然后略微上升到35%。有趣的是,乘坐巴士的人的份额恰好经历了相反的路径(方向)。

 

There are several factors that may account for such change. ⑦规律原因First of all, an evident reason lies in the fact that when the economy has advanced to a high degree, urban residents must tend to consider private car as the most efficient traffic tool. ⑧反常原因However, the modern citizen always take bicycle as their primary means either to safeguard the negative impact of climate change or improve the physical condition. ⑨结论Thus, it can be concluded that buses as an economical means of travel will never vanish. ⑩建议一Therefore, it is fairly reasonable and wise that urban dwellers should utilize bicycles as frequently as possible. 建议二In addition, another suggestion is that

有几个原因可以解释这种变化。首先,一个明显的原因是,当经济发展程度很高时,城市居民必须倾向于将私家车视为最有效的交通工具。然而,现代市民总是把自行车作为主要手段,以保护气候变化的负面影响或改善身体状况。因此,可以得出结论,公共汽车作为经济出行的手段将永远不会消失。因此,城市居民应该尽可能频繁地使用自行车是相当合理和明智的另外,另一个建议是

 

No.3                                                                          

我国居民年医疗开支和收入变化表(单位:万元)

 

总体解释It can be clearly seen from the bar chart that the medical cost and total income of Chinas residents change during the period from 1985 to 2015. 起点解释Firstly, we can easily find that both medical spending and whole income accounted for the smallest share throughout the period. 变化规律In effect, there was enormous difference between the medical expense and total income. Moreover, both data rose steadily from 1985 to 2005. 反常现象一However, what surprises us most is that the total income fell slight from 2005 to 2015. 反常现象二Interestingly, medical expenditure shrunk significantly during that period.

条形图可以清楚地看出,中国居民的医疗费用和总收入19852015期间发生了变化。首先,我们可以很容易发现,医疗开支和整体收入在整个期间占比最小。实际上,医疗开支和总收入之间存在巨大差异。此外,这两个数据从1985年到2005年稳步上升。然而,令我们最惊讶的是,总收入在2005年到2015年期间略有下降。有趣的是,医疗费用在这一时期显着缩水。

 

There are several reasons that may account for such change. ⑥规律原因Firstly, when economy has advanced to a high degree, Chinas resident can afford more advanced medical care, which must be based on higher cost, positively correlated to growing income. ⑦反常原因However, slightly decreased income may lead medical consumers to cut off their expense mostly due to the panic caused and the loss of sense of security.

有几个原因可能导致这种变化。首先,当经济发展程度很高时,中国居民能够负担更高级的医疗服务,这必须基于更高的成本,与收入的增长呈正相关。然而,稍微减少的收入可能导致医疗消费者切断其费用,主要是由于恐慌和失去安全感造成的。

 

No.4                                                                          

总体解释It can be clearly seen from the pie chart that the sales volume varies corresponding to different stage of a whole year. 起点解释一Firstly, we can easily find that the data of the 4th quarter accounted for the smallest share, which was 10%. 起点解释二Moreover, it is interesting that the data of the 1st quarter is precisely equal to that of 2nd quarter, which was 20%, and exactly twice as many as the data of the 4th quarter. 反常现象However, what surprises us most is that the sales volume in 3rd quarter accounted for the largest share, which was 50%which reached exactly half of the total volume.

饼图中可以清楚地看出,销售量的变化对应于一整年的不同阶段首先,我们可以很容易发现,第四季度的数据占据最小份额,为10%。此外,有趣的是第一季度的数据第二季度的数据精确相等,是20%,恰好是第四季度的数据的两倍。然而,令我们最惊讶的是,第三季度的销售量占最大份额,为50%(恰好达到总量的一半)。

 

六、完型词汇

While, whereas, however, still, otherwise, despite, since, barely, seldom, hardly, rarely,

compared, linked, subjected, opposite,

hold, argue, claim, suggest, contend, address, account for, matter, work,

process, picture, paradox (paradoxical), dilemma, plausible, available (availability), community, perspective, context,

according to, for example, for instance, in fact, in effect, indeed, rather (than), instead (of), comply with, conform to, turn out, in response, in terms of, in light of,

equivalent, alternative.

上一篇

这里有最新的公司动态,这里有最新的网站设计、移动端设计、网页相关内容与你分享

下一篇