新闻中心

硕士研究生考试写作技巧

2020-02-06

68868

 

硕士研究生考试写作技巧

 

(一)多变句式原则

1.并列句

要想写出保险的长句,可以在具有并列或顺承关系的句子间加and。例如:

I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar.

其他可用词汇:besides,furthermore,likewise,moreover

2.转折句

转折连词前后两部分意思相反,内容相对。例如:

The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.

其他可用词汇:however,while,otherwise

3.排比句

如果要让你的文章更加精彩,那么运用排比句,多个不定式,多个短语和单词,会使文章具有气势。例如:

We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. It was then that I realized the importance of learning English.

4.被动句

适用于较简短的句子,这样显得语言简洁生动,宾语一般是nothing,anything,everything等不定代词。例如:

Searched all my pockets, but nothing was found.

5.倒装句

句中有介词短语或状语从句,便可将其提前,成倒装句。例如:

Only when I turned left at the crossing did that car rush towards me.

Only by this means can he escape from the big fire.

6.高级定语从句

若定语从句中的动词带介词,介词可在先行词后。例如:

We came to a place to which they had never paid a visit before.

7.独立主格

将主从句去掉连词,前句动词变为分词即可。例如:

The weather being fine, a large number of people went to the Great Wall.

8.强调句

可以将时间、地点、原因、方式等状语从句转成强调句。例如:

It was not until I arrived home that I realized I had left the suitcase on the shop counter.

(二)主题句原则

主题句是对全文的概括,是文章的主旨,它能在文章中起到“画龙点睛”的作用。通常主题句在文章的开头,而后,全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释、扩展。

写主题句应注意以下几点:

1.归纳出你要写的文章的几个要点;

2.提炼出一句具有概括性的话;

3.主题句应具有可读性,能够抓住、吸引读者。

(三)文章要有层次

考官们批作文会通过关键性的“标签”来判断文章的结构是否合理。考生只要把下面的词汇加入到你的作文主体中就会有事半功倍的效果。

1. first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)

2.most important of all,moreover,finally(强烈推荐)

3. on the one hand, on the other hand(推荐:适用于两点的情况)

4. for one thing, for another thing(推荐:适用于两点的情况)

5. to start with, next, in addition, finally(一般推荐)

6. to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(一般推荐)

7.firstly,secondly,thirdly,finally(不推荐:大家都会)

8. in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐:大家都会)

9.first,second,third,last(不推荐:大家都会)

(四)高级词汇替换低级词汇

我们给考生总结了作文中常用的词汇替换表,请大家务必熟记以下单词的替换。

低级词汇:           高级词汇

develop             nurture,cultivate

rich                ample,affluent,wealthy

very                exceedingly,extremely

thing               business,affair,matter

people,persons       individuals,folks,characters

customer           shopper,client,consumer,purchaser

everywhere         widespread,prevalent,overflow

cause              give rise to , lead to , result in , trigger

bad               dreadful,unfavorable,poor,horrible,disgusting

improve            promote,advance,enhance

cheap             economical,inexpensive,reasonable,affordable

good             positive, favorable, impressive, beneficial, advantageous, outstanding good

in my opinion      for my part, from my own perspective, as far as I am concerned

(五)巧用连接词

要想使文章有整体性、连贯性,就要学会正确使用连接词,常用连词归类如下。

1.表示并列关系:or,and,also,not only..but also,as well as,both...and,either...or,neither...nor...

2.表示转折关系:but,however,while,otherwise,on the contrary,on the other hand,in contrast,instead..

3.表示递进关系:besides,what's more,in addition,furthermore,moreover,especially,in particular...

4.表示因果关系:because(of),since,now that,as,therefore,as a result...

5.表示让步关系:though,although,even if,even though,however,whoever,whatever,whichever,wherever,whenever,no matter how(who,what,which,where,when,whom).

6.表示比较:be similar to,the same as,in contrast,compared with/to,just like/as...

7.表示概括归纳:in a word,in short,in brief,on the whole,generally speaking,in my opinion, as far as I know, as we all know, as has been stated, in summary, in conclusion...

(六)挑战极限原则

在作文中适当运用几个含有高难度语法的句子会使你的作文锦上添花。例如:Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China. 如果考生能写出这样的句子,不得高分才怪!

image

课程咨询

微信图片_20190810111907

上一篇

这里有最新的公司动态,这里有最新的网站设计、移动端设计、网页相关内容与你分享