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考博英语写作开头和结尾的写法

2020-01-14

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开头和结尾的写法


我们知道在英文作文中,其开头和结尾的作用是很明显的,运用得当,文章会富有逻辑性,重点突出。


1.开头
文章的开头很重要,如果处理得当,一开始就能吸引读者的注意力。下面是几种典型的开头写法:


(1)主题句法
提出一个论点或论据作为文章要阐明的主题,使读者了解你写作的理由或主要目的。

例如:
This report summarizes the results of our fourth-quarter sales.
One of the most notable phases of the industrial revolution was the rapid growth of cities.

(2)问题法
用提问的方式来引发文章的内容,吸引读者的注意力。例如:
Should a scientist be responsible for his discoveries?
What does it take to succeed in one's studies or career?

(3)数据法
用某些统计数字来引出文章的内容。例如:
The fact that less than 5% of the British population graduate from universities may seem sur-prising when compared with the American percentage of over 30%,

(4)概要法
开宗明义地让读者了解文章的主要观点,然后通过举例,或逻辑推理等方法加以佐证。
例如:
This memo covers five steps in the new procedure
This report is divided into three main sections: I what equipment you need. ② how to use equipment,③how to maintain equipment.

2.结尾
在写英文作文时,结尾是值得考生重视的另一个关键的地方。如果写得好,往往能给读者留下深刻印象。下面介绍几种常见的结尾写法

(1)重复文章的主题句
重复文章的主题句的目的在于强调作者的主要论点。例如:
With the foregoing three points in mind , one can be a true good student
If any items mentioned above arouse your interest, please let us know.

(2)概括结论
用几句话概括上文内容来加深读者对文章观点的理解。例如:
From what has been discussed above , we may draw the conclusion that no success can b achieved without laboring.
In summary, we should create such an environment in which each child in his or her own way follows his curiosity where it leads him, develops his ability and talents, pursues his interests and likes.

(3)提出展望或期望
表示对将来的期待或是鼓动读者采取行动。例如:
It is essential that effective measures should be taken to redress such inequality.
It is high time that we should urge an immediate end to this phenomenon.

(4)强调意义
从更高或一个新的角度来强调上述论点的重要性或其深远的意义。例如:
Admittedly, science has created atomic bombs and produced pervasive pollution. But it has transformed the lives of millions of people.

TOPIC


There is no denying that the average living standard of our country hare the economic reform started 20 years ago. However, neither is it deniable that there has been a growing contrast in income between the rich and the poor. What do you think of this contrast in our country? State your opinion with appropriate supporting details.

范文:

In recent years there has been much discussion of the polarization between the rich and the poor. In my opinion, though it is an inevitable phenomenon in the process of reform, the ever-growing contrast between the rich and the poor in China may give rise to lots of problems.


First of all, it may result in social instability. Dissatisfied with their poor life, lots of people from poor and backward regions flock to the big cities for better life and more enjoyment. Since not all of them have the necessary means or skills to earn large amount of money. Some of those people resort to power and commit various crimes. It was reported that a man murder to power and commit to power and crimes it was reported that a worker for merely 400 yuan.


Secondly, the disparity in income may lead to income may of educational chance like Beijing, because of poverty some bright kids have to drop out of school, while those from wealthy families can study in schools and teach tance to study. The conditions in the country are more worrying; some children having to drop out of school to help support the family.

Considering all mentioned above, it is high time that our govemment took effective measures to improve the situation. It should create more work opportunities for urban residents and increaseinvestments in poor regions so that all the people can enjoy the benefits of our economic reform.

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