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2010年医学考博录音原文

2021-05-26

2010年医学考博录音原文

Part I Listening Comprehension (30%)

Section A

1. M: You said that you want to go shopping this evening. What do you want to get?

W:I think I'd like to get my mum a new purse for her birthday.

Q:What does the woman mean?

2.W: My ears are always ringing day and night. I can't sleep.

M:Which ear is your bad ear?

W:My right ear here.

Q:Why does the woman have trouble sleeping?

3.M:My tooth is bothering me. When can I see Doctor White?

W: How about tomorrow? 10:30 ok?

M: Isn't there anything earlier?

W: No, but I'll call you if there is a cancellation before then.

Q:What does the man mean?

4.W:Are we going to be late?

M: We will be unless we hurry.

W:When does the show start?

M: At 8:30. We've got 15 minutes to get there.

Q:What time is it now?

5. M: I can't find the instant soup.

W:Did you look next to the canned soup?

M:I looked there. But there isn't anything on the shelf.

W:Why don't you try the spice section? It ought to be there.

Q:Where does the conversation probably take place?

6. M: I had it. I'm resigning from the job of chairman right now. I can't stand it another day.W: Do you really mean you want to quit?

M: Well, maybe. I'll give it a second thought.

W:What is the man going to do?

W: Did you do anything over the weekend?

7.M: No much. What did you do?

W: I had planned to go skiing. But I wound up working in the ER.

M:What did the woman do over the weekend?

8. W: We understand that you are not attending school.

M: I've been attending. But I've been sick recently.

W: You've attended three days since last July.

M: Three days? No, it's been more than that.

W:We are going to have to take away your visa.

Q:What is the woman?

9. M: Does the dizziness feel like spinning or is it just a kind of unsteadiness?

W:I feel like the spinning.

M:How would you describe it? Is it as if the room is going around or do you feel as if it's you that is going around?

W:I feel the latter.

Q:How does the woman describe her dizziness?

10. W: Did you know that John failed in the math exam?

M: Yes. And he blamed it on bad luck. But I really think that he's barking on the wrong tree.

Q:What does the man imply?

11. M: Cathleen, how is the math homework coming?

W:That's a piece of cake. But the chemistry homework is really a hard nut to crack.

Q:What does the woman mean?

12. W: What's the problem?

M:I have had an itchy rash on my body and arms and legs for the last two months.

W:Can you describe it?

M: It's pink with thrust oval spots.

Q:What has brought the man here?

13. M: I'd like to ask you about your past medical history. Can you tell me if you have had any childhood diseases?

W: When I was small, I had measles, chickenpox and whooping coughs. But I don't think I've ever had German measles.

Q:What diseases did the woman have when she was small?

14. W: If you go to the football game on Saturday night and concert or play on Sunday, you won't have much time to study.

M: Well. I can do that the weekend after this one.

Q:When does the man plan to study?

15. M: I need to be absent from class on Friday morning because I have a doctor's appointment. And I need to borrow someone's notes.

W:Well,you can certainly borrow mine if you don't mind my messy handwriting.

Q:What's the man's problem?

Section B

W: Hello.

M: Hello!

W: So, did you have a comfortable night?

M: No, not really.

W: Sorry to hear that. And how are you feeling at the moment?

M: A bit better.

W: You don't feel sick at all?

M: No, I'm ok.

W: That's good! Are you having sips of water?

M: No.

W: Would you like some?

Well, I don't really feel like.

M:

W: Ah, you can't drink anything at the moment.

M: The nurses have been giving me mouth washes.

W: Yes. I think you begin to pick up as the day goes on. And we'll carry on giving you something to ease the discomfort. Does it hurt much?

M: Well, it does when I move about.

W: Right. But the sooner we have you on the move, the quicker you start to heal. So we'll help you sit in the chair this afternoon. Enjoy the sunshine.

M: Ok, I can't say I'm really looking forward to that.

W: You have a pretty big gall stone and the gallbladder was quite inflamed. There was a lot of infection around it and inside it. Well, it's out now. So no need to worry about it, It won't cause you any more trouble.

M: Uh.

W: Any more questions or anything we can do for you?

M: No, I think I'm ok. I'm feeling a bit of weak at the moment. When will my wife be able to come and see me? The nurses told me before, but I can't remember.

W: The visiting hours are from 6 to 8 in the evening.

M: OK, thank you. She'll be here tonight in that case.

W: Fine. I'll stop in to see you tomorrow.

M: Thank you.

Questions

16. What's true about the man in the conversation?

17. What was wrong with the man?

18. How is the man feeling now?

19. What's the man supposed to do according to the doctor's orders?

20. What's the hospital's visiting hours?

Passage One

Here's a dreamy weight-loss plan: take a nap. That's the message from work by Sanjay Patel at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio. His study of more than 68,000 women has found that those who sleep less than 5 hours a night gain more weight over time than those who sleep 7 hours a night.

Controlling for other differences between the groups, Patel found that women who slept 5 hours or less gained 0.7 kilograms more on average over 10 years than 7-hour sleepers. The short-sleeping group was also 32 percent more likely to have gained 15 kilograms or more, and 15 percent more likely to have become obese.

Significantly, the short-sleepers consumed fewer calories than those who slept 7 hours, says Patel,who presented his results this week at the American Thoracic Society International Conference in San Diego, Califomia. This finding overturns the common view that overeating among the sleep-deprived explains such weight differences.

Lower metabolic rate resulting from less sleep may be the reason behind the weight gain, Patel suggests. "It obviously also suggests that getting people to sleep more might be a relatively easy way to help people lose weight,"he says.

21. What did Patel's study indicate?

22. How many subjects did Patel have in his study?

23. According to Patel's study, which of the following is not true?

24. According to Patel, what might be the reason behind the weight differences?

25. What suggestion will Patel give to those who want to lose weight?

Passage Two

I am the meanest mother in the neighborhood. I'm too strict. I ask too many questions. No one else's parents are as difficult as I am. Don't I know that all the cool kids are out until 2:00 or 3:00 in the morning and can go wherever they want? This is the point of view of my 16-year-old daughter. Although she is frequently annoyed when I try to gather what I consider basic information-about where she's going,who's driving,and what the plan is for getting home-I know she is also relieved that someone is watching out for her.

Discipline-or, to use today's more popular phrase, setting limits-takes on a whole new meaning when your child hits adolescence."When kids are young and do something unsafe, parents have no trouble saying no," says Daniel Kindlon, Ph.D., assistant professor of child psychology at the Harvard School of Public Health, who has two daughters, 15 and 12. "You don't care that your two-year-old cries if you don't let him put the fork in the toaster. But saying yes to your teen can almost become a reflex,because you so desperately want to avoid conflict."New research confirms what parents have known all along: Adolescents simply lack the ability to make smart decisions consistently. For example, peer relationships - which are so important to teenagers - can easily overwhelm the need to be safe.

Scientists have discovered that this has to do with the way the human brain grows. During the teen years,the brain develops rapidly, but some areas mature much earlier than others.

But you have to hold the line. Your teen is secretly counting on you to do so. And too much is at stake if you don't.

Questions

26. What would the speaker's daughter least likely say about her mother?

27. What does Daniel Kindlon do?

28. According to Kindlon, how do parents usually respond to their teens' requests?

29. Why are adolescents not able to make smart decisions consistently, according to scientists?

30. What would the speaker advise parents to do?

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