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2009年医学考博录音原文

2021-05-26

2009年医学考博录音原文

Part I Listening Comprehension (30%)

Section A

1. M: Did you hear that John has passed the Step One United States Medical Licensing Examination?W:Finally.

Q:What does the woman imply?

2. M: It's a one day trip. It must be pretty close.

W: It's about four hours by train.

M: Ha, OK. How else we can get there?

W: Well, I think, by taxi, it's only about two hours.

M: I'm up for that.

Q:What does the man prefer to do?

3. W: Information. What number do you need?

M: I need the number of German Embassy in Los Angeles.

W: You'll have to dial Information in Los Angeles. Dial 1213-555-1212.

M: Sorry, could you say the number again?

W: Sure. 1213-555-1212.

Q:What is the phone number?

4.W: Hello. Jim. I wonder if you could see a patient for me.

M: Certainly Anne. What's the story?

W: Well, it's a Miss Linda Holmes, a 35-year-old waitress. She is an infrequent visitor. She came to see me this moming complaining a pain in her right leg.

Q:What is the patient's complaint?

5. W: I will be gone for a week. So I hope you can keep things straight around here.

M: You have nothing to worry about.

Q: What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?

6. W: If you see he is your brother, that's another pair of shoes. I suppose you can rely on him to help you.

M: I know. But I feel ashamed to ask him for help.

W: Don't think that way. He is your dear brother!

M:OK,I'll call him tonight.

Q:What will the man probably do?

7. M: Would you like to get into the couch and lie on your back, please? Now I am going to take your left leg and see how far you can raise it. Keep the knee straight. Does that hurt at all?

W: Yes, just a little. Just slightly.

Q:What is the man doing?

8. M: Hi! Jane, this is Peter. Such a nice day today. I thought we might go to the botanic garden.

W: I wish you have called me earlier. I have just made plans to play tennis.

M: Oh, that's too bad. Maybe some other time.

Q:What is the woman going to do?

9. W: How do you like the new nurse at the reception desk?

M: You mean Louise? She's been here as long as I have.

Q:What does the man imply?

10. M: Hello, Mrs. White. Is it your first visit to the clinic?

W: Yes. But I've been to my doctor and he has checked me over.

M: I see from his letter that he is satisfied with the way things are going. Is this your first pregnancy?

W: Oh, no, I've had three. I lost two and had two miscarriages.

Q: How many children does the woman have now?

11. W: I've just been in a road accident.

M: Were you thrown out of the car, or did you get the steering wheel in your chest?

W: I wasn't thrown out, but I got the steering wheel in my chest. And I hit my head on the wind screen.

M: Were you knocked out?

W: I don't remember any thing after the accident.

Q:What could be said about the woman in the car accident?

12. M: I'm sorry to hear that you've gained 20 pounds after going on a diet for 2 months.

W: Don't cry crocodile tears. You'd be jealous about my figure if I succeeded.

Q:What can we say about the woman?

13. W: Guess what! I hear some students at the school are fooling around with drugs.

M: But you know I'll stick to my guns, and keep saying no to those who want me to try the stuff.

Q:What does the man mean?

14. M: How do you feel after the surgery? It seems that you've got a rebirth, right?

W: I'm sorry, doctor, honestly, I think the shoe is on the other foot.

Q:What does the woman mean?

15. W: You have to stand up straight for 15 hours if you want to join this team.

M: Are you crazy? What have I got myself into?

Q:What does the man mean?

Section B

Directions: In this section you will hear one dialogue and two passages. After each one, you will hear five questions. After each question, read the four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark the letter of your choice on the ANSWER SHEET.

Dialogue

W: Mr. Scot. I like to record this consultation, so you and Mrs. Scot can play back later for anything that may not be clear to you today. I'm afraid that the scan results aren't very good. It's likely that you got a recurrence of cancer in you pancreas. That would explain why you've been feeling so tired,and your loss of appetite and weight.

M: Doctor Smith, do I need surgery?

W: Surgery isn't an option at this stage. Although we cannot operate, there's still a lot we can do to help you. You've got tablets for pain relief, and we can give you something stronger if you need it. We can also start you on a course of chemotherapy to holp you with your symptoms. This won't cure you, but will make you feel more comfortable. It's unusual to have any unpleasant side effects with this kind of chemotherapy. I like you to see a dictician for some advice on what you eat and to help you get your appetite back.

M: What's my life expectancy? How long have I got?

W: One can never be certain about these issues. Pcople with this condition vary a great deal. I would be wrong to give you a definite time scale. But I'd say it's a matter of months rather than years. I'm sorry to have to tell you all this, but my feeling is, it is always good to be honest with people, then you know what's what. If you are in agreement, I'd like to book you into Ward 2 to start your chemo.

You'll need to come in every weck for the next month.

Questions

16. What is the recorded consultation for?

17. According to the doctor's diagnosis, what's happened to Mr. Scot?

18. Which of the following is not a suggestion for Mr. Scot?

19. According to the doctor, what might be Mr. Scot's life expectancy?

20. Which of the following can best describe the tone of doctor's words?

Passage One

Stephen Hawking

Life on other planet is likely, but intelligent life is less likely. Famed astrophysicist, Stephen Hawking has been thinking a lot about the cosmic question: Are we alone? "The answer is probably not," he says."If there is life elsewhere in the universe,"Hawking asks "why haven't we stumbled onto some alien broadcasts in space? Maybe something like 'alien quiz show'?" Haw king's comments were part of the lecture at George Washington University on Monday in honor of NASA's 50th anniversary. He theorized that there are possible answers to whether there is extraterrestrial life. One option is that there likely any life elsewhere or maybe there is intelligent life else where. But when it gets smart enough to send signals into space, it's also smart enough to make destructive nuclear weapons. Hawking said he prefers the third opinion."Primitive life is very common,and intelligent life is fairly rare."He then quickly added" Some would say it has yet to occur on earth."So should you worry about aliens? Alien abduction claims come from the "weirdos" and are unlikely. However, because alien Life might not have DNA like us, Hawking warned, "Watch out if you would meet an alien. You could be infected with a disease to which you have no resistance." The 66-year-old British cosmologist who suffers from ALS and must speak through a mechanical device believes if the human race is to continue for another million years, we would have to boldly go where no one has gone before. Hawking compared people who don't want to spend money on human space exploration to those who opposed to the journey of Christopher Columbus in 1492."The discovery of the new world made a difference to the old. Just think we won't have had a Big Mac or KFC."

Questions

21. What is the passage mainly about?

22. What is the event when Hawking delivered his lecture at the George Washington University?

23. What is the idea Hawking favors in terms of extraterrestrial life?

24. What is Hawking's warning to the encounter of an alien?

25. What is Hawking's attitude towards human space exploration?

Passage Two

Obesity contributes to global warming too

Obese and overweight people require more fuel to transport them and the food they eat, and the problem will worsen as the population literally swells in size, a team at the London School of Hygiene &Tropical Medicine says.

This adds to the food shortage and higher energy prices, the school's researchers wrote in the journal Lancet on Friday.

At least 400 million adults worldwide are obese. The World Health Organization (WHO) projects by2015,2.3 billion adults will be overweight and more than 700 million will be obese.

In their model, the researchers pegged 40 percent of the global population as obese with a body mass index of near 30. Many nations are fast approaching or have surpassed this level.

BMI is a calculation of height to weight, and the normal range is usually considered to be 18 or 25,with more than 25 considered overweight and above 30 obese.

The researchers found that obese people require 1, 680 daily calories to sustain normal energy and another 1, 280 calories to maintain daily activities, 18 percent more than someone with a stable BMI.Because thinner people eat less and are more likely to walk than rely on cars, a slimmer population would lower demand for fuel for transportation and for agriculture.

This is also very important because 20 percent of greenhouse gas emission stem from agriculture.The next step is quantifying how much a heavier population is contributing to climate change, higher fuel prices and food shortage.

"Promotion of a normal distribution of BMI would reduce the global demand for it, and thus the price of, food," Edwards and Roberts wrote.

Questions

26. Which of the following can best describe the main idea of the talk?

27. According to the talk, which of the following can be made worse by the growing obese population?28. According to WHO, by 2015, what would be the estimated figure of the global obese population?29. According to the researchers, how much energy would an obese person need for a day?

30. According to Edwards and Roberts, what would happen if we promote a normal distribution of BMI?

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