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托福口语万能模板

2019-08-14

微信图片_20190117221925

 

88

 

1.      便宜

Its cheap and economical. It can help me save a lot of money to buy books or to travel with my friend Jane. Specifically, it only costs______Yuan to_________. However, if I want to________, it will cost me at least_____Yuan. I hate squandering, so I think it is awesome.

2.省时

It is convenient and I would be able to save tons of time. Specifically, it takes me only_____minutes to_______. However, if Id like to______, I will spend at least_____hours. I think spending the time saved on reading books on history or chemistry/doing exercises is considered to be the better way for me to relax/learn more knowledge.

3.交朋友

I can make more friends in different background/from different cities/countries such as Japan, Canada and America/with the same interest. We could have pleasant conversation not only about the academic information such as history, biology and economics, but also about the international events. And I can also learn some useful interpersonal skills or personality such as honesty and persistence

4.好环境

The amazing part is its picturesque view and enjoyable surroundings. Having a walk beside the lake and rockery, I can smell the fragrance of grass and the flowers and hear the cries of the birds and feel the bracing breeze on my face.

5.减压

I can totally relax in such a......environment. Im fascinated to the harmonious atmosphere which could make me refreshed and energetic. I can release my emotion, pressure and uneasiness through it, and have a temporary escape from the academic workload such as assignment and examination.

6.健康

Its good for my health. I can improve my speed, strength and flexibility. And I can also effectively lose weight and keep in good shape. Before……I often got sick, depression and hot temper, but now, everything is getting much better.

7.学习

I can have an easier access to a huge amount of knowledge and information ranging from history to biology. For instance, itll be easy for me to polish my speaking and listening skills if ……/in such a……environment/ by……. This can render me a good opportunity to practice my English, and eventually put me in a favorable position in the upcoming competition.

8.生活理解

(Compared to others)I can abroad my horizon during the whole process. For instance, if……I can have a better understanding of the meaning of life/career/education..and the importance of dream and future. So, I will pay more attention to my family/friends/work/academic performance and also make great contribution to our society in the future.

9.杂志说

According to the New York Times in 2008, the people who________are more likely to achieve success/lead a happy campus life/have a wonderful family in their later time. I certainly wanna be a ____ person/I think .is a kind of , so Id like to ______.

 

10.同龄压力

It is because of the peer pressure. You know, everyone in my class chooses to ______. I dont wanna be isolated from them. Therefore I choose to do the same thing and involve with them.

11.人际关系

During the process of communication/discussion about……, and I can learn some useful interpersonal skills or personality such as honesty and persistence from others. This can help me cooperate with others more effectively, and offer me more opportunities to make new acquaintance. With more partners, I am more likely to succeed in the future

12.环保

It is more eco-friendly, coz itll create little harmful carbon dioxide to the air. With the help of this, we can better protect our planet and prevent our environment from pollution such as global warming, acid rain and ozone layer. No one can deny that it is significant nowadays when were facing ecological crisis.

13.了解文化

It can definitely help me improve the understanding of the culture, custom, history and many interesting stuff about a different country/city. The deeper insight into culture can not only broaden my horizon but also help me comprehend the living style and thinking mode of the local people.

14.与家人共享天伦

More importantly, I can go home more frequently and visit my parents and grandparents. My mom will prepare me the food I like the most; my father will talk to me and help me figure out a way to solve the problem I encounter at school. My feeling can be best described by an old saying, East, West, home is the best

15.促进就业

It will contribute to the increase of employment rate. I mean, it can provide the local people with a large amount of jobs. As a result, it would in turn bring benefits to the social stability and economic development.

16.安全

The most important point is that its much safer. If I……The possibility of being stole or robbed is relatively small. With a safe environment, I can better concentrate on my study without worrying about possible jeopardy.

17.隐私

It can help me protect my privacy. Coz being attended sometimes makes me feel uncomfortable. I dont like others to know what books I am reading or what songs I am listening. Sometimes I just need some private time and deal with my personal stuff like calling my friends and writing the letter to my mom

18.坏习惯

It is embarrassing to say that some people have terrible manners. For example, someone in my class always spits and litters in public, which make me feel really awful. You know, Im pissed off by those behaviors and can not stand them at all. So I have no choice but to_____.

19. 便于携带

It is not heavy and big like the others; its portable so I can take it anywhere. For instance, I can……on the bus, in the library or in the dining hall. You see, the convenience is undeniable.

20.享受美食

I can have some tasty food. It serves the amazing dumpling of all kinds of flavors, pork flavor, chicken flavor and so on. One thing I like the most is the caraway there, it really help enrich the taste of dumplings. Anyway, it never fails to make my mouth water.

21.增加幽默感

The humorous style could also develop my sense of humor. This will make others more willing to listen to my stories and bring fun to my life and the lives of others. Consequently, it can improve my interpersonal skills and make me more popular.

 

【插图】

There are a great many beautiful and delicate pictures to illustrate the words and make it more understandable. With those wonderful pictures, learning can be real fun and easy!

【勇敢】

Youve got to have faith and courage; the only thing we have to fear is fear itself. In this rapid developing society, if were easily freaked out by various challenges, then theres no way we can succeed.

【好笑】

The scene is extremely funny and makes me laugh. Laugh can definitely drive away my lassitude and helps me relax and relieve the pressure from work and study. Whats more? It even puts me in a better mood and wards off the depression and pessimism.

【榜样作用】

Since he is the role model for us, he needs to speak and behave appropriately, in order to set a good example for us. No one can deny that a good example can exert an profound influence on the people.

【守信】

He is a man of his word and he never breaks his promise. I remember once I asked him to pick up my cousin when I couldnt come back. He did so even though he had caught a bad cold. I said thanks and sorry but he said its ok because he promised me. It is the characteristic of keeping faith enabled him to win my complete trust.

【热心】

He is very obliging. Whenever you are in trouble, he is always the first one who comes up and gives you the shirt off his back. Once my computer was attacked by Trojan horse, it is him who spent four hours to help me get rid of it.

【善于表达】

He should be expressive to convey his ideas effectively and efficiently. He is supposed to speak loud and clear and be able to put difficult things in a way that is easy to understand. Only in this way can we fully comprehend his idea and better do our own job.

【体贴】

He is considerate and shows much care and concern about others. He is always trying to look at things from your angle and not to hurt you or upset you. For example, knowing that I am taking a nap or reading books, he would turn down the volume of the CD player.

 

【宽容】

He should tolerate relatively small mistakes committed by others. Making mistakes is somehow inevitable, as long as its unintentional, he is supposed to forgive it. The tolerance will breed gratitude from others.

 


36题见下文

 

口语第三题,这部分的考试是基于阅读和听力的基础。具体介绍如下:


  形式:阅读+听力+应答
  阅读:
  时间: 40秒至45
  阅读内容:校园生活话题(75100words)(大学的政策,规定或者办事程序,大学的计划,校园设施或校园内生活质量)
  听力:
  时间:60s80s
  内容:话题同阅读,说话者会针对相关话题持鲜明观点,观点分支持反对两种
  作答:
  依据阅读和听力材料说明学生的观点和学生所给出的理由,考生不需要说明自己的观点!
  考察的关系:阅读和听力中综合信息的能力:听力必然和阅读相关;答题必须与听力相关,必须清楚听力和阅读之间的关系
  时间:准备时间:30s;陈述时间:60s


  TIPS注意逻辑组织:OGP216:开始可以表明说话者的观点 agree or disagree,然后陈述理由。回答尽可能完整。
  备考TIPS
  1、阅读的时候要注意记录主题和支撑的观点
  2、听力的部分主要记清楚主要人物的观点,以及他支持或反对的理由
  3、结构一定要清楚,要用计时软件,多锻炼几次才能在规定时间内把要点说全说清楚。


  备考模版:
  注:模版只是参考,请同学们自己总结

 

 

1“The school has implemented a new policy that……due to……And the man/woman holds a positive/negative view towards the announcement.
  
The first reason s/he gives is that……And the second one is based on the fact that……"
  2、From the reading material,we know that (the college)
is going to……
  Obviously,the man/woman in the conversation thinks that this is a great/bad idea,due to the following reasons.。

One reason is that…… Another is……
  (万一有时间)So that‘s all the reasons s/he has to form that opinion. (尽量记,听为主)

  3、The man/woman’s opinion about STH is that……
  (选择方案型:听选择的原因。1.Firstly,the man/woman states that…….2.And then he/she states that……。

  (提出建议型:听建议的利弊。1.Firstly,the man/woman talks about the positive aspect of this issue. He/she states that…….2.On the other hand,the man/man also talks about the negative aspect of this question. He/she points out that……。)

 

         4、阅读引用部分的模版
  (1)In the readingmaterial,
  (2)There is a/anannouncement/message/notice/proposal about ****(填入记下的关键词)
  (3)The university/college is going to****(稍稍展开下)
  (4)In the listeningmaterial,two students discussabout the***(填入关键词)
  听力中人物表达观点的模版:
  (1)The man/woman is against/supporting the***
  (2)He or she feels unhappy/less satisfied about***
  (3)He or She thinks the*** is unfair/inconvenient/unaffordable for the following reasons:
  (4)The man/woman’s opinion about STH is that……。
     理由展开部分的模版:
  (1)First,he thinks/says**** ; Also,he points out that****
  (2)Firstly,the man/woman states that……。; And then he/she states that……。
  (3)支持+反对
  Firstly,the man/woman talks about the positive aspect of this issue. He/she states that…….On the other hand,the man/man also talks about the negative aspect of this question. He/she points out that……。

5、范例:看OG的范例回答
  Bus Service Elimination Planned
  Important Points(字数102)
  The university plans to eliminate the bus service because it is too expensive to run and too few students use it. (一句话概括阅读材料的内容)The man disagrees with the university plan. (谈话人态度)He believes the reason few students take the bus is that the route goes to neighborhoods where students do not live. If the routes were changed,many more students would ride the bus. (两句话讲谈话人的第一个观点:校车路线。注意改路线的建议是采用虚拟语气来表述的)The man disagrees with the way the university plans to use the money it saves on the bus service. Building more parking lots on campus will encourage more students to drive on campus. This would increase noise and traffic on campus.(谈话人第二个观点:增加停车场。首先讲谈话人观点:disagree with the way…然后将后果1à后果2) 
  范例:OG的范例回答,字数147
  The man in the scene said he wanted to keep the bus service for the better being of students on campus,because there is some students who can not afford the car,therefore they use the free bus service even though it isn’t that much. The problem with bus service right now is going through wrong neighbour where it is too expensive for students to live,so what they should do is just change the course of bus. And that will take of the problem. Also,they should encourage more students to use the bus service instead of discourage them. Or ()if they us the money that they use for bus service to increase the space of the parking lot for the students,which will add to the noise of the campus and will be more congested for all the people who already parking over there.


  自我测评标准:Self-Assessment Checklist:
  1. I noted the main points of the reading passage.
  2. I noted the main points of the listening passage.
  3. I read the question carefully.
  4. I used careful planning to outline my response.
  5. I began with an overall topic statement.
  6. I used strong supporting ideas.
  7. I used transitions to connect the supporting ideas.

 

    口语第四题,这部分的考试是基于阅读和听力的基础,具体介绍如下:
  形式:阅读+听力+应答
  阅读:
  时间: (没有写,但是估计也是4045s)
  内容:学术类短文(75100words)--材料相对笼统抽象(生命科学、社会科学、自然科学和人文科学)
  听力:
  时间:没有写
  内容:与阅读相关联, (扩展事例,举反例或运用阅读概念)
  作答:
  根据短文和讲座中的信息并且对其中的关键信息进行整合及加工。就是说:阅读可能给一些很深奥的名词或者概念,然后听力讲座时会针对这些概念做出解释,模拟的就是课堂的真实情况,阅读好比教材,讲座好比上课。所以要注意听出来二者之间的关系,然后作答
  时间:
  准备时间:30s
  陈述时间:60s


  备考TIPS
  1、阅读一篇短文。用文中的主要观点勾勒出文章的梗概,使用梗概对短文。
  2、阅读文章时主要要记录题目,因为题目一般就是主要内容的概括,然后阅读并记录重点。
  3、听力中要注意教授是怎么解释学术概念的,注意例证。Lecture题型其实只要求在阅读预见内容的前提下复述讲话框架。
  4、进行口头总结。然后在梗概中加入细节,并再次总结。口语体现的阅读和听力的主要重点,不要太关注细节。
  5、用计时软件进行训练,因为当阅读和听力都听懂的情况下,同学们很有可能什么都想说最后导致什么都没说清楚也没说完,那么利用计时软件训练,就会避免这种现象。
  6、合理分配时间,仔细审题,参考笔记,考虑如何表达
  7、笔记记录内容取舍很有弹性,下面两者取其一:
  (1)对数字敏感的记录数字及准确的相关含义,用以占据篇幅,避免连贯性动作描述。
  (2)记录连贯性动作描述,避免具体数字及准确的相关含义的表述。
  reading passage:主要记下抽象的词,和具体的定义;原理,和具体原理的内容等。带着一个概念是什么,现象是什么的问题用35秒看完短文,然后用10S的时间,用2句话总结出短文所介绍的概念或现象(尽量用短文中的词汇)
  listening passage:听段子的时候,带着老师用什么例子来进行说明这个问题去听。要听结构(1+2),还要听例子中涉及到的3个基本要素(实验对象,实验过程,实验结果)。其中,实验过程要详细。注意这些和抽象的定义和原理的挂钩。听力材料的前两句话,老师会给出所听内容的概括性介绍。再结合阅读给出的概念。再听举例说明。其方法通常是举出扩展事例,举反例或是短文中概念的实际应用。
  8、本题题型细分为两种题型:
  A、二元正负类:阅读材料中的关键句之一有两个对称并列的概念性词语(切记:通常是动词!)
  (1)在阅读材料中找到两个关键词,听力材料必然围绕这两个关键词展开。
  (2)在听力中迅速判断两大关键词的正负性质。
  (3)根据两大关键词的正负性展开相关内容。
  B、描述举例类:阅读材料中的关键句之一对文章题目进行描述,如果不是定义句,此关键句经常在定义句附近。
  (1)阅读时记下描述性的关键句,如果临近定义句,同时记下定义句。
  (2)听到并记下举例内容,特别是与关键句匹配的信息。
  (3)根据具体例子反推验证关键句,如阅读时未确定,则在听力中迅速判断,从两句中选中一句。

 

    备考模版:
  1. TOPIC SENTENCE:The professor talks about the theory that……。
  SUPPORTING DETAILS:He/she gives one/two examples to illustrate/explain such a point.(接下来陈述
  实验对象,实验过程,实验结果)。
  2、(1)类型:
  The reading passage:definition
  Listening passage:examples,study,research
  模版:
  The reading passagegives the definition of……(关键的抽象词)。XXX is……(定义的内容)
  In the listening passage,the professor goes on to demonstrate it by introducing some researches / examples.
  This first is……(最后一句注意挂钩)
  The second is……(同样挂钩)
  (2)类型:
  The reading passage:the phenomenon / the problem/the process /somefunctions/some features
  Listening passage:research,analysis.。.
  模版:
  the reading passage describes the phenomenon / the problem/the process /somefunctions/some
  features(关键的抽象词)。XXX is……(定义的内容)
  In the listening passage,the professor goes on to demonstrates it by introducing some researches
  /analyses
  This first is……(最后一句注意挂钩)
  The second is……(同样挂钩)


  (3)类型:
  The reading passage:a conception held by/the principle/ theapplication/the cause/the effect
  Listening passage:specific aspects
  模版:
  The reading passage introduces a conception held by/the principle/ theapplication/the cause/the
  effect
  In the listeningpassage argues/indicates several specific aspects of
  The first*** is
  The second *** is
  (4)类型
  The reading passage:***
  Listening passage:examples,study,research
  模版一:
  The reading passage introduces the definition/ phenomenon/ problem/ process /some
  functions/some features/ principle/ application/ cause/ effect of……(关键的抽象词)。XXX is……(定义的
  内容)
  In the listening passage,the professor continues to demonstrate it by providing some
  researches/examples.
  This first is……(最后一句注意挂钩)
  The second is……(同样挂钩)
  模版二:
  From the reading material,we know that…(关键术语,定义)
  To demonstrate it,the speaker provides two examples/reasons/researches. One example is that……
  Another example is that……。.So the suggestion is that……
  (记关键术语,主要观点)

 

       (5)整体模版:
 

“In the lecture,the professor mainly talked about the theory that 。.. 。To reinforce the theory,the
  professor gave two reasons in his speech. The first one is that …。The other one is that …。
And
  
that’s the two reasons the speaker presented to explain his idea.(The conclusion is optional)”
  例如:

The Dead Sea
  In this set of materials,the reading part describes the abody of water,
and listening part provides
  
additional information about the body of water.
  
The reading part describes the body of water named the Dead Sea. This body of water is said to be
  
“dead” because its high salt level prevents life in it. It‘s so salty for the reason that it’s landlocked with
  no outlet,
and it‘s in an area with a high temperaturem this causes rapid evaporation.
  
The listening part makes an additional point about the Dead Sea. The new point says that the Dead
  Sea isn’t actually a sea. A sea is a body of water that‘s part of the ocean or opens into the ocean,

  while a lake is a body that;s entirely enclosed. The Dead Sea has no outlet and is therefore a lake.


自我测评标准:
  Self-Assessment Checklist:
1. I noted the main points of the reading passage.
  
2. I noted the main points of the listening passage.
  
3. I read the question carefully.
  
4. I used careful planning to outline my response.
  
5. I began with an overall topic statement.
  
6. I used strong supporting ideas.
  7. I used transitions to connect the supporting ideas.

    综合口语第五题主要考察同学们对于校园生活的适应能力,具体介绍如下:
  形式:听力+作答
  听力时间:60s90s
  内容:有关校园场景的对话
  人物包括:两个学生;一个学生一个教授;一个学生和一个校管理人员
  问题包括:安排上的冲突,请假,搜寻资料,学生选举,手头拮据等
  话题安排:同时涉及两个人必须想出一个共同的解决方案,涉及一方说出问题,另外一方或双方同时想出两个解决方案
  作答:
  1、描述对话中所讨论的问题
  2、说出自己偏向哪一个解决方案
  3、解释为什么喜欢那个解决方案
  解释时可以引用对话中的信息,也可以加入自己的经历(注意重点是对话中那人遇到的问题)
  时间:
  准备时间: 20s
  答题时间: 60s


  备考TIPS
  1、该题往往会背要求作为拿分的项目,也是综合口语部分唯一一个允许有个人观点的题目。所以在听力中,一定要记录好那个学生的问题和解决的方案。
  2、听:
  听力时要注意:对话中描述的问题/冲突是什么如果解决问题(2个解决方案)你觉得哪种方案好,为什么Problem往往不是单纯的,而是复杂矛盾的,分几个回合说完。
  3、答题逻辑:PROBLEM+2 SOLUTIONS+PREFERENCE+WHY
  Solutions针对Problem不同层面提出,注意提炼中心句。关切性的话可以略去。答题时在复述问题和解决方法后,一定要给出自己的建议,想不出来就选择一个S提出的方案或把S提出的各种办法按照轻重缓急排序,形式上不可缺少!一定要说“the man/woman offers her/him TWO(or THREE) solutions.”This is to ensure that you get all the solutions even if you can’t finish you answer in time,so the examiner will still give you a good score.
  4、时间分配:The OPTIMAL time allotment is:10 seconds for the problem,17 seconds for each solution,and 10 seconds for your choice and why,and about 6 seconds pausing throughout your answer.
  5、问题不用听!每次都一样!省下10-15秒整理笔记。问题:“briefly describe the problem that was discussed in the conversation and to state which of the two solutions you prefer,and finally to explain why you prefer that solution”。
  6、建议的句型:
  YOU CAN,YOU SHOULD,YOU‘D RATHER,WHY NOT,WHO DON‘T YOU
  THERE IS A POSSIBILITY
  IS IT POSSIBLE……
  HAVE YOU EVER THOUGH ABOUT……
  ANOTHER THING YOU CAN DO IS……
  YOU NEED TO……
  IF I WERE YOU,I‘D RATHER……
  7、要用计时软件进行训练,最好给自己的建议留出15秒钟时间。

 

        备考模版:
  1、In the conversation,the man/women has a problem with his/herschedue/report/essay /study(听得时候判断到底是哪方面的问题)
  He or she couldn’t get/check out/afford ***(问题具体化)
  He/she needs to***
  The woman/man/professor/officer gives him/her twosolutions/options
  (基本上是2个solution)The firstsolution/option is(概括,不用具体化)
  Another suggestion the professor/woman gives is(概括,不用具体化)
  And I think the second choice is preferable for the following reasons:
  (自己的建议)First,the woman may confront the same problem in the future,itis better for her to handle it now and gain some helpful experiencesAlso,I have once faced thesame situation as the woman does,and I***
  2、(1)The man/woman has a problem/situation,which is that….+but/however(如果有冲突的话)
  (2) The man/ woman gives two suggestion. Suggestion one is……… suggestion two is……。
  (3) If I were the man/woman,I would follow the first/second suggestion.或者是In my opinion/as far as I’m concerned,the best thing for the man/woman to do is…。
  (4) Because I think……每一个省略为2句话。
  3、In this conversation,the man/woman is having a hard time dealing with the problem that …。And the woman/man offers him/ her two possible solutions. One is…… The other is …。And if it were my choice,I would choose the former/latter one,because……”
  4、In the conversation,the man/woman has a problem with his/her schedule/report/essay /study(听得时候判断到底是哪方面的问题)
  He or she couldn’t get/check out/afford ***(问题具体化)
  He/she needs to***So,the woman/man/professor/officer offers him/her two solutions/options
  The first solution/option is(概括,不用具体化)
  Another suggestion the professor/woman gives is(概括,不用具体化)
  And from my point of view/As for me,the second choice is preferable for the following reasons/the best way to solve this problem is :
  (自己的建议)First,the woman may confront the same problem in the future,it’s better for her to handle it now and gain some helpful experiences. Also,I have once faced the same situation as the woman does,and I ***(这么干的),it works well pretty well for me.
  5、The woman/man is facing the problem that…… So the man/woman offers him/her two solutions. One is…….Another is…。Well,to me,I prefer the first/second one. because (理由,常直接来自听力)……,(如果有时间),I was once faced with the similar trouble; I chose to(说支持的具体选择) and everything turned out to be all right.(记主要观点,要求发表自己观点)

 

口语第六道题目的出题模式是listening speaking

 

    听力的内容一般是关于学术方面内容的节选,所涉及的范围比较广泛,可能是社科,物理,人类学等,听力材料的长度大概为12分钟。考生在听和说的时候没有任何的背景知识可以参考,这个就是难点啊。
  通常情况下,教授会给出一个概念的定义,例如, the coin , natural selection 等,或者一个事件的梗概,或者介绍一种现象来开始,之后会就自己前面提出的概念,故事或者现象展开论述。在后面这个部分中,一些例子会被引进来证实和说明前面所提到的定义。说的部分会要求考生概括听力部分的主要内容并听力部分的观点和事例进行详细论证,典型问法为: Using points and examples from the talk, explain XX (某种现象或定义)presented by the professor
  通过对这道题目和考试类型的简单分析,我们可以知道做这类题目的关键就是考试前的大量训练,考试中的认真听和灵活做笔记。那么,究竟如何来听这个部分的内容,以及如何来做笔记呢?下面通过一个句子的例子来做以说明.
  Now listen to part of a lecture in a psychology class.
  Narrator: The professor describes the childrens psychology between eight years old and a half to ten years old, including the analysis of the differences between motherly love and fatherly love. Summarize the main points in the professors lecture.
  解析:通过听这个题目简介,考生可以得听力的主要内容是关于八岁半到十岁小孩的心理,这个内容是基于母爱和父爱差异而进行分析的。呵呵,听力的重点内容得到了,内容的主要人物:八岁半到十岁小孩和他们的父母。继续听。。。。。。。
  Today Id like to talk about the love between child and parents.(这个开篇句子点名整个文章的主题:love between child and parents.)
  For most children before the age from eight and a half to ten, the problem is almost exclusively that of being loved-of being loved for what one is. The child up to this age does not yet love: he responds gratefully and joyfully to being loved. At this point of the childs development a new factor enters into the picture: that of producing love by ones own activity. For the first time,. The child thinks of giving something to the maturing of love. Eventually the child may now be an adolescent and has overcome his egocentricity; the other person is not any more primarily a means to the satisfaction of his own needs. The needs of the other person are as important as his own in fact, they have become more important. To give has become more satisfactory and more joyous than to receive. To love has become more important even than being loved.
  In order to understand this shift from mother to father, we must consider the essential difference in quality between motherly and fatherly love. We have already spoken about motherly love. Motherly love by its very nature is unconditional. Mother loves the new-born infant because it is her child, not because the child has fulfilled any specific condition, or lived up to any specific expectation.
  The relationship to father is quite different. Mother is the home we come from. She is nature, soil, the ocean; But while father does not represent the natural world, he represents the other pole of pole of human existence. He represents the world of thought, of law and the order, of discipline, and of travel and adventure. Father is the one who teaches the child, who shows him the road into the world. Closely related to this function is one which is connected with socioeconomic development. When private property came into existence, and when private property could be inherited by one of the sons, father began to look for that son to whom he could leave his property. Naturally , that was the one whom father thought best fitted to become his successor, the son who was most like him and consequently whom he likes the most .
  分析:
  确定主题之后,我们来分析文章各个段落的笔记记录要点:
  第一段:八岁半到十岁的孩子对待爱的转变,先是接受之后是奉献自己的爱。此外,他们认为奉献比得到爱更能让他们感到满足和高兴。
  第二段: 主要记录句子为:Essential difference in quality between motherly and fatherly loveMotherly love by its very nature is unconditional。其他的信息点可以记录也可以用心记。
  第三段:主要记录的句子为:Father does not represent any such natural home, he has little connection with the child in the first years of its life, and his importance for the child in this period can not be compared with that of mother. He represents the world of thought, of law and the order, of discipline, and of travel and adventure. 当然考试的时候考生不可能记录的这么完美。考生只要能把主要意思记录,例如natural home, thought, laworder, discipline, travel and adventure等写下来就好了。
  以上分析就是文章每个部分的记录要点,我们来看看例文是怎么写的:
  When a child reaches the age of around eight to ten, for the first time in his life the idea of love is changed from being loved into loving. As he grows into an adolescent eventually, he has overcome his egocentricity. For him now, to give has become more satisfactory and more joyous than to receive, to love has become more important even than being loved. There are essential differences in quality between motherly love and fatherly love. Motherly love is by nature unconditional. Mother loves a child not because the child has met any specific condition, or has lived up to any specific expectation. But the relationship to father is quite different .Father doesnt represent the natural world. He represents the world of thought, law and order, of discipline, and of travel and adventure.
  解析:先概括文章大意:When a child reaches the age of around eight to ten, for the first time in his life the idea of love is changed from being loved into loving. 之后用细节来支持自己的这个论点具体这里就不赘述了。复述的内容基本上和原听力材料一样。
  总上所述,我们不难看出这类题目其实不像考生想象的那么难。考生需要做的事情就是认真听,听的时候注意总结性的语句和转折词之后的句子,抓住主要内容做笔记,之后就是用流利而又逻辑性的语言的把记录的内容复述出来,采取总-分的说话模式。


备考Tips:

 

1、捕捉每一层次中心句的能力非常重要。记录要简要清晰,便于复原。

2、文章结束,可以考问题整理笔记,问题本身具有纲要性,特别当听到数字时。

3、关键学术语汇的听辨和记录复述是答题的重要挑战。

 

备考模版:

 

1)、当教授讲课内容的组合形式为第1-81X+2Y组合时,用如下模板:

▲ 转述教授讲的1个主题:

In this lecture, the professor talks about / discusses about / introduces about two Ys of X.(10 sec)

 

▲ 转述教授讲的2组要点、解释和例子:

The first ________ is (called / about) 名称 ,(which means that) 解释  .

For example, 例子(注意时态变化). (25 sec

The second ______ is (called / about) 名称 ,(which means that) 解释  .

For example, 例子(注意时态变化). (25 sec

 

转述教授额外补充的内容:

The professor also mentions / says that内容.(Also, What’s more,In addition, Additionally,)

 

▲ 时间花不完,就总结。

So, these are the two Ys of X presented by the professor.

2)、当教授讲课内容的组合形式为第91X+2Y组合时,用如下模板:

▲  In this lecture, the professor introduces a principle. According to this principle,

原理的具体含义.  (15 sec)

▲  The professor uses a controlled experiment to explain this principle.

Two groups of _________ were required to _________.  (15 sec)

▲  The first group of ___________________. __________.  (15 sec)

       However, the second group of _________. __________.   (15 sec)

或Compared with group 1, group 2 ______. _____.

 

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