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iBT托福考试阅读解题攻略大全十三

2019-08-10

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因果
明显因果关系的特色词汇: because, because of, since, for, as, due to, owing to, in that, so, so that, as a result, therefore, there by, hence, consequently, accordingly.
隐含因果关系的特色词汇:
a. 表示导致含义: lead to, cause, result, result in, give rise to, render, produce, make, 使役动词, support, support, stimulate, spur, spark, fuel, motivate, prompt.
b. 由……而来: come from, result from, originate, derive from, initiate from, stem from, be attibutable to, be responsive to.
c. 反映,体现: reflect, present, suggest, show, imply, demonstrate.
d. 考虑到…, 依赖…: give, considering, on account of, in view of, thanks to, according to, rely on, depend on, resort to.
e. 条件关系: if, when, while, as, as soon as, as long as, 虚拟条件句.
f. 粉刺短语\不定式\独立主格作状语
比较
明显比较关系的特色词汇: 同级比较\比较级
隐含比较关系的特色词汇: 
a. “变化”: change, vary, alter, modify, revise, increase, decrease, crect, destroy, develop, improve, progress, advance, grow, degenerate, continue, remain, stay, stable, still.
b. “差异”: same, different.
c. “超越”: surpass, exceed, transcend, excel.
最高级\绝对化
明显最高级/绝对化关系的特色词汇: -est/ 比较级
隐含最高级\绝对化关系的特色词汇:
a. 自身含有最高级含义: maximum, minimum, outstanding, extreme.
b. 否定加比较: nothing can better than that
c. 程度较深的词: surprisingly, amazingly, prohibitively(修饰价格的high)

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