WRITING TASK 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The table below shows the Japanese population by different age groups from 1970 to 2040.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
Population in Japan
The line chart given illustrates how the Japanese population changed in different age structure in seventy years spanning from 1970 to 2040.
In 1960, slightly under two thirds of the population in Japan were people from 15to 46 years old, twice more than that of children between 0 and 14 (30%). By comparison, there were few old people above 65, constituting approximately 5%.
In terms of the people aged from 15 to 46, there was a marginal growth with ups and downs prior to 1990, reaching the peak at about 75%, before dropping considerably to a record low of 55% in 2040.
The following forty years witnessed the growing number of the elderly, with the proportion sustainably rising to 20% in 2000 and is predicted to experience an exponential growth, peaking at 50% in 2040. The children (0 - 14), however,showed an opposite trend and dipped to the same percentage in 2000. Just as expected, the gap between these two groups is projected to be widened, with children plummeting to the bottom at about 5% in 2040.
Overall, the 15-46 age group was still the major makeup in Japanese population in spite of some decline. The aging problem facing Japan, obviously, is becoming serious with the ever-increasing senior citizens.
in terms of 根据,按照,就……而言,在……方面
In terms of nutrition, fast food is far from satisfactory.
span n.一段时间,跨度 vt.持续,贯穿
Modern medicine has increased man's life span.
The role of the opposition party proved marginal.
The frictional dissipation will introduce an exponential decay.
Attendance at my lectures has fallen off considerably.
plummet n. 铅锤 vi.暴跌
House prices have plummeted in this area.
ever-increasing adj. 不断增长的,持续增长的
The division of Europe into warring blocs produces ever-increasing centrifugal stress.
In 1960, slightly under two thirds of the population in Japan were people from 15 to46 years old, twice more than that of children between 0 and 14 (30%).
90% of those who held a skilled vocational diploma were men, compared with only 10% of women.
The proportion of male who consider car as most important was as twice higher as that of female.
Slightly under a quarter of the citizens in Utah are people of 0-14 age group.
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Some people prefer to stay in the same type of work all the life, and others prefer to change their jobs from time to time. Discuss both sides and state your own opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
To hold on to the work or to change it to another one is a choice of decision we might encounter once or twice in our lives. For some people this could be a positive thing, while for others it could be a disaster. However, the final aim for every job-hopper is to find an ideal job on which they can depend for their livelihood and from which they can draw satisfaction.
Working in the same type of work for one's career life-span has its positive underpinnings. A stable job with a steady income offers one a sense of security,especially in today's highly competitive society, as well as the feeling of ‘togetherness' that comes from working with the same colleagues for many years.However, doing the same work in the same company with the same people in the same environment may well breed a kind of lethargy, a lack of motivation or imagination.
Regular change of jobs enables employees to obtain diverse experience. The new working environment could turn out to be a great opportunity to show one's talent and abilities and to gain confidence in oneself. However, .job hoppers' integrity and loyalty may be questioned. An employee who shifts his job too rapidly may not be promoted because the employer may think he is not reliable and cannot be a team member.
Job-hopping is a human instinct to see changes, a yearning to work with different people and a desire for different job duties. However, recruiters appreciate employees who devote their effort and heart to the job, as this is for the good of achieving a win-win benefit for both the company and the employee.
hold on 坚持,固守
He said he would hold on to the truth with his blood and life.
Besides giving the impression that you're a job-hopper, a poor career decision like this can also undermine your self-confidence and derail your career progress.
livelihood n. 生计,生活;营生
Consideration must be given to both the development of production and the improvement of the people's livelihood.
Life-span development research is attached more importance in development psychology.
underpinnings n. 基础;支柱(underpinning 的复数)
Some of the research focused on underpinnings of atmospheric processes, such as rates of gas exchange between soil and water.
What they call their loyalty, and their fidelity, I call either the lethargy of custom or their lack of imagination.
Wealth and success breed pride and confidence.
They admired his integrity and his calm bravery.
Judged by the ordinary standards, he was reliable.
instinct n. 本能;直觉
Some scientists thought that fight between the male animals headed up from their instinct.
yearning n. 渴望;向往,思慕:想念,怀念
The trees come up to my window like the yearning voice of the dumb earth.