WRITING TASK 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The bar chart below shows the passenger kilometres traveled by different means of transport in the UK in 1990 and 2000.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
passenger kilometres by
different means of transport
The bar chart compares 5 different means of passenger transport in the UK for the years 1990 and 2000 in terms of total passenger kilometres travelled.
In 1990, a total of 100 billion passenger kilometres were travelled by UK residents using the surveyed transportation methods, which went up slightly by about10 billion to reach 110 billion 10 years later. This rise in passenger kilometre number was recorded in air, bus and rail travel but a slight decline was actually found in bicycle and motorbike travel.
In this survey, buses and trains were the principal modes of public transport during the last decade in the UK, each with between 40 and 50 billion kilometres travelled. By contrast, the annual distance covered by bicycle, motorbike and air travel only represented an insignificant share, with less than 8 billion passenger kilometres for each.
Overall, there was a growth in "mass transit service" in the UK such as air, bus and rail travel during the past decade.
in terms of 根据,按照,用······的话,在······方面
The savings, both in terms of time and money, could be considerable.means n.手段,方法
She tried to explain by means of sign language.
decline n. 下倾,下降,下垂,衰败,衰落
There has been a steady decline in public services over recent years.
principal adj. 主要的,首要的
Iraq's principal export is oil.
Prices have risen sharply in the last decade.
contrast n. 对比,对照,(对照中的)差异
Their economy has expanded enormously, while ours, by/in contrast, has declined.
This new report represents the current situation in our schools.
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
International tourism has become a huge industry in the world. Are the problems that international travelers cause greater than the advantages they bring?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
With the general decrease in travelling costs, international travel is becoming more prevalent. For a variety of reasons and with greater frequency, people are travelling to other countries. International visitors bring their own range of behaviours and customs to the countries they visit. I believe the advantages international travellers bring to the countries they choose to visit outweigh the negatives.
Unfortunately, all countries have within them people who exhibit undesirable behaviour. The vociferous minority seem to leave an impression in the minds of people in host countries. Whether it be leaving the hotel room in a complete mess, or loudly arguing about a matter with a local person, international visitors are sometimes a poor advertisement for their countries. This is certainly the negative side of international visitors.
However, the far greater impression international visitors leave is a good one.Typically, international visitors bring with them money which they inject into the local economy they are visiting which is excellent for business. They can also educate the local people about what life is like in another part of the world. These international travellers are like 'ambassadors' for their country and can cause others to want to visit their country-this brings with its obvious economic benefits as well.In addition, international visitors can help others to see things from a different perspective and, often, improve on the way things are done.
Problems can arise from international visitors however, the benefits they bring to the countries they visit are greater. International visitors around the world will continue to impact the countries to which they travel, it is up to the individual to make sure the example they set is a good one.
These prejudices are particularly prevalent among people living in the North.
a variety of 各种各样的
There is a wide variety of patterns to choose from.
Fatal road accidents have decreased in frequency over recent years.
outweigh v. 在重量(或价值等)上超过
The risks are vastly outweighed by the potential benefits.
They will be exhibiting their new designs at the trade fairs.
It would be highly undesirable to increase class sizes further.
There was a vociferous critic of the president's stance.
They are hoping a change of leader will inject new energy into the movement.ambassador n. 大使
The best ambassadors for the sport are the players.