WRITING TASK 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The bar chart below shows the three main causes of land damage in four different areas in the world.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
The Main Causes of Land Damage in Four Regions
The bar chart shows information about the areas of land damaged by human activities in four major continents of the world.
The areas of land damaged in Africa and Asia are similar, totaling approximately1,200 million hectares for each, while in Australia and Europe the numbers are considerably lower, averaging between 300 and 400 million.
Looking at the causes behind land damages, we can see that in Africa, Europe,and especially Australia, breeding is the leading cause of land loss, damaging approximately 500, 100 and 400 million hectares of land respectively. Next comes tree-cutting which takes away slightly larger areas of land than farming in all the three regions.
Asia shows a slightly different picture, where tree-cutting activities have led to the largest amount of land loss (450 million hectares). Breeding and farming account for the remaining damage (380 and 420 million hectares respectively).
Overall, breeding causes the most pervasive damage to land around the world.
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
The movement of people from agricultural areas to cities to work can cause serious problems in both places.
What are the serious problems and what measures can be taken to solve this problem?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Driven by scientific and technological breakthroughs, an increasing number of people are swarming into large cities for the sake of high living standard as well as more working opportunities. The unprecedented advance of urban areas, however, is accompanied by a series of austere problems in both cities and countries.
On the one hand, one of the largest challenges facing urbanization is overpopulation. As more and more transient population flock to cities, the limited living space and resource cannot satisfy the ever-growing population. As a result, the resource is predicted to be depleted in the near future, which leads to energy crisis.What is more, in spite of employment opportunities available in cities, such a large number of city dwellers easily give rise to high rate of unemployment.
On the other hand, there are corresponding problems arising in agricultural areas, the shortage of labor force in rural areas will inevitably widen the gap between city and country. No young people are willing to stay at home to do farm work, thus leaving a large amount of land resource uncultivated. According to a recent survey,with deficiency in food and manpower, many farmers especially the left-behind children and the elderly are likely to suffer from starvation and poverty.
Therefore, feasible measures, if possible, should be taken by government to address the problems brought by urban sprawl. The construction of infrastructure in urban areas should be optimized so that the pressure in many domains can be relieved.Priority of development in village areas should be given so that it can attract more transient population from other places to strive for local development.
In conclusion, indeed, there are better material conditions and higher. salaries in big cities now; however, agricultural areas are expected to be potential places for people to settle down if enough attention is paid. Therefore, the gap between city and town can only be bridged by mutual development.
The scientists strive for a breakthrough in cancer research.
swarm n.蜂群,一大群 vi.云集
The crowd swarmed out of the cinema after the film ended.
We are seeing unemployment on an unprecedented scale.
austere a. 简朴的,严厉的
Father is an austere man, very strict with his children.
Her feeling of depression was transient.
dweller n. 居民,居住者
The traffic noise is a constant irritation to city dwellers.
A few shanties sprawl in the weeds.
We must optimize the opportunities for better understanding.
One of the largest challenges facing urbanization is overpopulation.
The pressing issue facing us is increasing juvenile delinquency.
The problem facing the society is deteriorating environment.
The deteriorating environment has aroused the shared concern of the public.