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大学英语四级翻译学习

2021-04-17

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

 

近年来,中国有越来越多的城市开始建设地铁。发展地铁有助于减少城市的交通拥堵和空气污染。地铁具有安全、快捷和舒适的优点。越来越多的人选择地铁作为每天上班或上学的主要交通工具。如今,在中国乘坐地铁正变得越来越方便。在有些城市里,乘客只需用卡或手机就可以乘坐地铁。许多当地老年市民还可以免费乘坐地铁。

 

1近年来,中国有越来越多的城市开始建设地铁。

in recent years近年来more and more越来越多的=a growing number of=an increasing number ofbuild subways=construct subways【桌子上有许多书many books on the deskon介词短语作后置定语)例如a large number of desks in the class roomin recent years=recently用现在完成时have/has+过去分词;begin to do sth=start to do sth开始做某事】

In recent yearsmore and more cities in China have begun to build subways.

 

2发展地铁有助于减少城市的交通拥堵和空气污染。

develop subways=build subways=expand subways发展地铁help do sth有助于做某事=contribute to doing sthcontribute to中的to是介词而不是不定式,那么介词+动词ing形式,不定式+动词原形);reduce减少(动词);traffic jams=traffic congestion交通拥堵;air pollution空气污染;traffic jams in cities城市的交通拥堵;the development of subways发展地铁(名词短语);develop subways发展地铁(动词短语)

The development of subways help reduce traffic jams and air pollution in cities.

 

3地铁具有安全、快捷和舒适的优点。

具有......有点(have the advantages of...=the merits of...);safe安全(形容词)-safety安全(名词);快捷speed(名词);舒适的comfortable(形容词)-comfort舒适(名词)

The subway has advantages of safetyspeed and comfort.

 

4越来越多的人选择地铁作为每天上班或上学的主要交通工具。

选择A作为Bchoose A as B);main means of transportation=main modes of transport主要交通工具;main=major=chief主要;means of.........的方式;......的工具);有动作的就用介词to(目的、方向)作后置定语to workto school--to work and school

A growing number of people choose the subway as the main means of transportation to work and school.

 

5如今,在中国乘坐地铁正变得越来越方便。

现在进行时be+动词ing;如今nowadays=today=now;乘坐地铁take the subway(动宾结构);常见句式:It is +形容词+to do sthit形式主语代替真正主语to do sth);越来越多的人more and more people=increasing people;越来越方便increasingly convenient=more and more convenient;变become+形容词;正变得be becoming

Nowadaysit is becoming more and more convenient to take the subway in China.

 

6在有些城市里,乘客只需用卡或手机就可以乘坐地铁。

In some cities在一些城市里;passenger乘客;可以cancan do sth);simple简单的(形容词);simply简单地(副词);形容词修饰名词;副词修饰形容词、副词或动词;use A to do sth使用A做某事

In some citiespassengers can simply use a transportation card or mobile phone to take the subway in China.

 

7许多当地老年市民还可以免费乘坐地铁。

Many许多;当地localelderly citizens老年市民also;还可以can also;免费for freefor介词要么做后置定语要么做状语,做状语时一般置于句尾或句首)

Many local elderly citizens can also take the subway for free.

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