Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your ansicer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single bar through the center of the letter.
Children in the United States are exposed to many influences other than that of their families.Television is the most significant of these influences, because the habit of watching television usually begins before children start attending school.
Parents are concerned about the lack of quality in television programs for children. The degree of violence in many of these shows also worries them. Studies indicate that, when children are exposed to violence, they may become aggressive or insecure. Parents are also concerned about the commercials that their children see on television. Many parents would like to see fewer commercials during programs for children. And some parents feel that these shows should not have any commercials at all because young minds are not mature enough to deal with the claims made by advertisers.
Educational television has no commercials and has programs for children that many parents approve of . The most famous of these is Sesame Street , which tries to give preschool children a head start in learning the alphabet(字母） and numbers. It also tries to teach children useful hings about the world in which they live.
Even though most parents and educators give Sesame Street and shows like it high marks for quality, some critics argue that all television, whether educational or not, is harmful to children These critics feel that the habit of watching hours of television every day turns children into bored and passive(被动的）consumers of their world rather than encouraging them to become active explorers of it.
11.Which of the following statements is NOT based on the passage?
A. Parents are worried about the influence from television on their children.
B.Television has much influence on children
C . Both parents and their children like watching educational television .
D.Some critics think that television is no good for children.
12. In what ways do children suffer from television?
A. They become the victims of social violence.
B. They spend hours watching television instead of doing school work.
C. The programs make the children lose interest in the world.
D. The programs make the children spend too much of their parents' money
13. Parents would not like their children to see commercials because
A. they think that their children are not old enough to handle advertising
B.commercials teach children alphabet and numbers
C.commercials help to sell products
D. they don't like commercials
14.Educational television is widely appreciated because
A. it does have the same commercials as others
B. it offers programs for both children and their parents
C.many parents like the programs it offers for their children
D. children can learn some school subjects before they go to school
15.Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage?
A . Watching Too Much Television May Be Harmful to Young Minds
B.Television Is More Harmful than Educational
C. Television's Influence on Children
D.More Educational Television
Today just as technology changed the face of industry, farms have undergone an "agricultural revolution". On the farm of today, machines provide almost all the power.
One of the most important benefits will be the farm computer. A few forward-looking farmers are already using computers to help them run their farms more efficiently. The computers help hem keep more accurate records, so they can make better decisions on what crops to plant, how much livestock to buy, when to sell their products, and how much profit they can expect. Many computer companies have been developing special computer programs just for farmers. Programs are being written for hog producers, grain farmers, potato farmers, and dairy farmers. In the future, farmers will be able to purchase computer programs made to their needs. Because of the growing importance of computers on the farm, students at agricultural colleges are required to take computer classes in addition to their normal agricultural courses. There can be no doubt that farmers will rely on computers even more in the future. While the old-time farm depended on computer power, and modern farms depend on machine power, farms of the future will depend on computer power.
Another technological advance which is still in the experimental stage is the robot, a real “mechanized hired hand " that will be able to move and , in some ways , think like a human being Agricultural engineers believe that computer-aided robots will make startling changes in farming before the end of the century. Unlike farmers of the present, farmers of the future will find that many day-to-day tasks will be done for them. Scientists are now developing robots that will be able to shear sheep, drive tractors, and harvest fruit. Even complex jobs will be done by robots. For example , in order to milk their cows , farmers must first drive them into the barn , then connect them to the milking machines, watch the machines, and disconnect them when they are finished.In the future, this will all be done by robots. In addition, when the milking is completed, the robots will automatically check to make sure that the milk is pure. The complete mobilization of the farm is far in the future, but engineers expect that some robots will be used before long.
16. Which sentence is the main idea of the whole passage?
A. The first sentence of the first paragraph.
B. The first sentence of the second paragraph.
C . The first sentence of the third paragraph .
D. The last sentence of the second paragraph.
17.According to the passage,computers can not help farmers decide
A、how much money they can earn from their products
B.whether to plant a certain kind of crop
C.what livestock to raise
D.when to sell their products
18.Which of the following statements is true?
A.Farmers in the future will depend totally on computers.
B.Both computers and robots have been in use on today's farms.
C.Farmers mainly use machines on their farms at present.
D. Students at agricultural colleges must take computer classes because they can do nothing without the help of computers on today's farms.
19. According to the engineers, will be done by robots in the near future.
A.most of the farm work
D.all the work
C.all farm work
20. What is the best title for the whole passage?
A. Computer, Farmers' Best Friend B. Farmers in the Future
D.The Agricultural Revolution
C.Computers and Robots
An idea that started in Seattle's public library has spread throughout America and beyond.The concept is simple : help to build a sense of community in a city by getting everyone to read the same book at the same time .
In addition to encouraging reading as a pursuit(追求）to be enjoyed by all,the program allows strangers to communicate by discussing the book on the bus, as well as promoting reading as an experience to be shared in families and schools. The idea came from Seattle librarian Nancy Pearl who launched the "If All of Seattle Read the Same Book" project in 1998. Her original program used author visits, study guides and book discussion groups to bring people together with a book, but the idea has since expanded to many other American cities, and even to Hong Kong In Chicago, the mayor appeared on television to announce the choice of To Kill a Mockingbird as the first in the "One Book, One Chicago" program. As a result, reading clubs and neighborhood groups sprang up around the city. Across the US, stories emerged of parents and children reading to each other at night and strangers chatting away on the bus about the plot and characters.
The only problem arose in New York, where local readers could not decide on one book to represent the huge and diverse population. This may show that the idea works best in medium-sized cities or large towns, where a greater sense of unity can be achieved. Or it may show that New Yorkers rather missed the point, putting all their energy and passion into the choice of the book rather than discussion about a book itself.
Ultimately, as Nancy points out, the level of success is now many people read a book, but by how many people are enriched by the process or have are enriched by to someone with whom they would not otherwise have shared a word.
21. What is the purpose of the project launched by Nancy?
A.To invite authors to guide readers.
B.To encourage people to read and share.
C.To involve people in community service.
D.To promote the friendship between cities.
22. Why was it difficult for New Yorkers to carry out the project?
A. They had little interest in reading.
B. They were too busy to read a book.
C.They came from many different backgrounds.
D. They lacked support from the local government.
23. According to the passage, where would the project be more easily carried out?
A . In large communities with little sense of unity
B . In large cities where libraries are far from home .
C . In medium-sized cities with a diverse population .
D. In large towns where agreement can be quickly reached.
24. The underlined words "shared a word" in the last paragraph probably mean
A. exchanged ideas with each other B. discussed the meaning of a word
D . used the same language
C.gained life experience
25. According to Nancy, the degree of success of the project is judged by
A.the careful selection of a proper book
B.the growing popularity of the writer
C.the number of people who benefit from reading
D.the number of books that each person reads
Diana Jacobs thought her family had a workable plan to pay for college for her 21-year-old twin sons: a combination of savings, income, scholarships, and a modest amount of borrowing.Then her husband lost his job, and the plan fell apart.
"I have two kids in college, and I want to say ' come home', but at the same time I want to provide them with a good education," says Jacobs.
The Jacobs family did work out a solution: They asked and received more aid from the schools, and each son increased his borrowing to the maximum amount through the federal loan(贷款）program.They will each graduate with $20,000 of debt,but at least they will be able to finish school.
With unemployment rising, financial aid administrators expect to hear more families like the Jacobs. More students are applying for aid, and more families expect to need student loans. College administrators are concerned that they will not have enough aid money to go around.
At the same time, tuition(学费） continues to rise. A report from the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education found that college tuition and fees increased 439% during the past 20 years, while average family income rose just 147%. Student borrowing has more than doubled in the last decade, "If we go on this way for another 25 years, we won't have an afford-able system of higher education," says Patrick M. Callan, president of the center. "The middle class families have been financing it through debt. They will send kids to college whatever it takes, even if that means a huge amount of debt."
Financial aid administrators have been having as many companies decide that student loans are not profitable enough and have stopped making them. The good news, however,is that federal loans account for about three quarters of student borrowing, and the government says that money will flow uninterrupted.
26. According to the first paragraph, why did the plan of Jacobs family fail?
A . The twins wasted too much money . B . The father was out of work
C.Their saving ran out.
D. The family fell apart.
27.How did the Jacobs manage to solve their problem?
A. They asked their kids to come home.
B.They borrowed $20,000 from the school.
C. They encouraged their twin sons to do part-time jobs.
D. They got help from the school and the federal government.
28. Financial aid administrators believe that
A. more families will face the same problem as the Jacobses
B. the government will receive more letters of complaint
C.college tuition fees will double soon
D.America's unemployment will fall
29.What can we learn about the middle class families from the text?
A. They blamed the government for the tuition increase.
B.Their income remained steady in the last decade.
C. They will try their best to send kids to college.
D. Their debts will be paid off within 25 years.
30. According to the last paragraph, the government will
A.provide most students will scholarships
B.dismiss some financial aid administrators
C.stop the companies from making student loans
D. go on providing financial support for college students
13.【解析】A细节题。根据文章第二段最后一句可知，一些家长认为这些节目不应该有任何广告，因为孩子们还小，不够成熟，无法对广告商的言论进行判断。选项A中的not old enough和handle分别是原文中not mature enough和deal with的同义替换，故答案为A。选项B(广告可以教授孩子们字母和数字）与文章内容不符，根据文章第三段可知，教孩子们字母和数字的是教育类节目《芝麻街》，故排除。选项C(广告有助于销售产品）与题干所问不符，故排除。文章只是提到家长担心电视节目中的广告会对孩子产生不良影响，并没有明确地说明家长不喜欢广告，而且选项D(他们不喜欢广告）也不是家长不想让孩子看广告的原因，故排除。
24.【解析】A语义题。根据文章前两段可知，该阅读计划的目的是鼓励人们进行阅读并互相交流和分享自己的想法。shared a word与前面的speaking to someone意思相近，结合语境，其意思应该是“与他人交流想法”，故答案为A。选项(讨论一个词语的意思）、选项C(获得人生经验）和选项D(使用同一种语言）均与文义不符，故排除。