美军舰载机飞行员的救生训练:捆绑蒙眼大头朝下“浸猪笼”Life-saving training of US warship carrying pilots:Bundle the head down``dip cage'' .



The pilot is fastened to the seat by a seat belt, surrounded by the same closed space as the cockpit, with doors and windows closed. The pilot wears an eye mask and can not see anything. Then the cockpit is thrown vertically into a several meters deep, the big wheel of the crane rotated 180 degrees, and the pilot now turned his head down, and then he has to try to escape before he is suffocated-it is not a secret room escape, but it is a sea escape training for US HNA pilots.


Every four years, each HNA flight attendants undergo escape training again so as to review and update their skills to survive forced landing or parachuting to the sea. The US military offers the course at a number of aviation bases.



Although the training may seem harsh or even scary, pilots dare not neglect it because many people have witnessed the escape of comrades at the sea.



训练是分阶段的:The training is phased


Simple water stampede and swimming tests in full flight gear and flying boots


While stepping on the water, the lifejacket with a breathing tube is being inflating



Experience the feeling of seat flipping and falling into the water


Escape from the entanglement of the parachute, and there are electric pulleys dragging the parachute back to simulate the parachute being blown by ocean currents or strong winds.


Because the parachute in this static condition is completely different, it sometimes kills a pilot who has parachuted safely.


Simulate strong wind and heavy rain, escape and save lives under dark night conditions


the use of all kinds of marine survival equipment.


The last pass is that the so-called dunker looks like a "pig cage". In a simulated helicopter cockpit, wearing an opaque blindfold, it is fixed to the seat, put into a few meters of water, and inverted, and then tries to unfasten the seat belt, grope to the exit, open the doors and windows, escape to the surface of the water, and open the raft to climb in. The security guard will watch to prevent real people from getting stuck or drowning.



The core of it is to grasp a reference point in the cabin with your hand in the case of space reversal, so as to judge your relative posture and find out the correct escape path.



The course, which lasts for two days, is a comprehensive test of the dangers that pilots may encounter.



 The pilots of the jet engine also have to take part in helicopter dunker simulation-module escape training. Although they do not fly helicopters, they will often become helicopter passengers and prepared!



Even two reporters of New York Times were asked to take part in the training in order to be allowed to take F/A-18 's seat at the back to experience interview in the Afghan war zone.



Training officials say according to the purpose of the training on the basis of statistics the navy loses 8 to 10 jet engines every year, so it is necessary to equip crew members with the necessary survival skills by two days of teaching. 



For those retrained officers who are not very cooperative, the instructors will say, "well, if you can guarantee that you will never use this training, then sit in the back and play iphone!" So everyone was honest.


F/A-18飞行员Jonathan Farley深有感触。2007年底他在西海岸参加过培训。结果某次搭乘MH-60直升机时救出事了。本来是搭顺风机回航母,结果演习变成真的。

Jonathan Farley, the F/A-18 pilot, was deeply touched. He trained on the West Coast at the end of 2007. As a result, an accident occurred while taking the MH-60 helicopter. Originally, the fan was used to return to the aircraft carrier, but the exercise became true.



Along the way, he suddenly noticed one more warning lights was flashing on the cockpit dashboard. An aircrew next to him pointed to the sea and then tried to secure himself. The helicopter fell. There was no time to prepare for Lieutenant Farley's escape from a helicopter crash.


The pilot managed to control the plane and made a forced land on the sea as gently as possible, but the plane immediately flipped over, the cold water immediately poured into the cabin, surrounding all the people and sinking. 



Lieutenant Farley immediately grasped a reference point according to the essentials of the training, took a deep breath before the sea ran out of water and unfastened his seat belt.



When he left his seat, he couldn't see anything. He pulled himself in the direction he thought he might escape, but lost his way.He didn't remember the location of the exit, but he had to calm down and follow the reference point.Before he suffocated, he finally is the last one to surface.



Everyone on board survived, including 2 pilots, 3 aircrew and 2 passengers.The other helicopter picked them up quickly.



This kind of training subject based on simulation cabin was available during World War II.



The Naval Aviation Survival Plan NASTP consists of two elements:



Aeronautical physiology training: let aircrew understand the physiological hazards related to flight;



Aeronautical water training:Improve the survival skills and confidence of aircrew at the sea.


The specific courses include aerophysiology, human factors, oxygen equipment, decompression, sensory physiology, night vision, survival first aid, aviation survival equipment, exit, ejection seat, water survival, survival swimming, rescue program, parachute, supplementary emergency breathing device SEBD, maritime survival, underwater exit and so on. 



There are four categories of training that vary from person to person:



First training of crew——the first time of Aircrew



Resumption of crew training——aircrews must be retrained every four years;



Non-aircrew training——gyrenes, passengers, other people who need to fly;



Non-aircraft training——for vehicle drivers and members, to avoid falling into the water to die. 



The target personnel including Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Coast Guard personnel.


Especially for vehicle drivers, there is also a special "pig cage" simulator, the first half of which is the most common "Hummer".The second half is a crawler personnel carrier in the same way, leting the heavily armed Marines and the army train obtain how to escape after the vehicle fell into the water.