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医学考博英语写作题目与范文学习

2021-03-19

医学考博英语写作题目与范文学习

 

Directions: Please read the following article in Chinese carefully, and then write a summary of 200words in English on the ANSWER SHEET. Make sure that you cover all the major points of the article .

 

护士在糖尿病护理中既可以发挥专家的作用,也可以只承担其中的部分护理工作。不管是何种场所的护理,都应强调病人的自我护理。

 

 

自我护理是处理糖尿病的关键,开始得越早越好。不过,当糖尿病患者确实需要帮助时,就必须由知识丰富的专业健康人士提供。传统上,英国的糖尿病教育是由糖尿病专科护理师承担的,他们还承担着其他临床、治疗和研究工作。有些教育是以一对一方式进行的,但健康专业人士已逐渐认识到,糖尿病患者互相间也能学到很多东西,因此,小组教育已经成为一种标准,还可以邀请同伴或家人参加。邀请家庭食品采购和烹制人员加入教育也很重要。他可能是家庭成员之一,也可能是家务女工或疗养院护理员。

 

 

随着社区内糖尿病人数的增加,执业护士和地区护士已经承担了过去由糖尿病护理专家所从的很多工作。因此,他们也将参与糖尿病教育的计划和实施。今天,由于糖尿病护理专家都是在医院工作,很多糖尿病患者,特别是二型糖尿病患者,都看不到这些护理专家。

 

 

当今技术的发展,使人们的健康咨询方式发生了很大变化。电话或因特网已经成为获取健康信息的常用手段。结果,越来越多的人开始求助于拥有有用(有时也是令人迷惑)信息的健康专业士,他们的信息或来自上述渠道,或者来自电台、电视和朋友。伯明翰正在尝试举办数字电视互动式健康咨询节目,一些健康促进机构已经接触这些屏幕节目和互动CD光盘。

 

 

这都为病人提供了更多的选择,应该受到欢迎。这可能意味着,护士的角色将发生变化,她们将不再是第一个提供信息的人,新的重要角色将出现,包括解释信息对个人及其朋友和亲属的意义,创办论坛,讨论如何实施建议。

护理糖尿病患者的护士必须有共同的工作目标,因此,制定目标和决定病情优先处理顺序便成为护理的重要因素。研究表明,糖尿病并发症可以预防。如果确实出现并发症,其恶化进程可以减缓。关键是要控制血糖。

 

 

型糖尿病患者的糖化血红蛋白目标是7.5%,二型为低于7%。血压是导致糖尿病并发症的个因素,两种糖尿病的血压都应低于140/80mmHg,且越低越好。当然应以不出现低血压症状为宜。

 

 

This is the end of Model Test Three.(注意:写作部分要求50分钟内完成。)

 

摘要范文

 

The nurse's role in diabetes care may be as a specialist or as part of general care - primary or secondary.

 

 

Diabetes education in the UK has, traditionally, been undertaken by diabetes specialist nurses alongside their other clinical, management and research roles.

 

 

As the number of people in the community who have diabetes has increased, practice nurses and district nurses have taken on tasks that were previously in the domain of the diabetes nurse specialist.The increased choice for patients to access health information may mean that nurses' roles will change and that they will no longer be the first information-givers, but other important roles will develop. These will include interpreting what the information means to people individually and to their friends and relatives, and creating forums for discussions about how to put the advice into action.

 

 

Nurses caring for patients with diabetes need to be working towards the same objectives, therefore target-setting and determining priorities for managing their condition are important aspects of care.The target for glycated haemoglobin for those with type 1 diabetes is 7.5% and below 7% for those with type 2. Blood pressure is known to be a factor in diabetic complications.

 

 

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