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雅思写作《孩子是否应该听从父母和老师的安排》

2021-03-18

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. You should write at least 250 words .

 

Present a written argument to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge of the following topic:

 

Some people say that children should obey the rules and do what their parents and teaches want them to do, while other people think that if there is too much control on children, they will not be well-prepared for their adult life. Discuss

both sides and give your own opinion.

 

Use your own ideas,knowledge and experience and support your argument with examples and relevant evidence.

 

Question Analysis

 

主题和结构分析

 

这是一道讨论“孩子成长”的作文题。有人认为孩子应该遵守规矩,并听从父母和老师的安排,而另一些人认为如果对孩子的控制过严,他们就无法为今后的生活做好充分的准备。按照题目要求,我们必须探讨两方面的观点,并最后给出自己的看法。

 

关键词汇分析

 

obey:遵守

 

写作实例:Soldiers who obey orders to commit atrocities should be answerable for their crimes

 

rule:规定、规则

 

写作实例:Before starting their own businesses,entrepreneurs should be familiar with the government's rules and regulations.

 

well-prepared:准备充分的

写作实例:Although it seems very unlikely to happen,we need to be well-prepared for any crisis.

 

Both parents and teachers want to help young kids to learn to behave well and therefore give all kinds of instructions to them. Some believe that children benefit a lot from rules and disciplines; however, a few argue that this prevents children from growing into a socially adaptable future generation. As far as I am concerned, both viewpoints are correct, but only to a certain extent.

 

 

To start with, most children do not have the ability to distinguish right from wrong or good from evil, so a disciplined upbringing is essential in their formative years. Strict parenting ensures the safety of children. Small kids are always curious about things around them and like to experiment with behaviors that are sometimes dangerous. A simple rule such as "do not play with fire' may keep children away from being burned by uncontrollable flames. Besides,obeying their teachers' rules at school and therefore studying more effectively,students can stand a better chance of achieving an outstanding academic performance. Moreover, "listen attentively during lessons", "finish homework on time" and "do not be late for class" are all rules that a student should follow in order to get the most out of his school life.

 

 

On the other hand, however, too many rules and regulations may interfere with children's desire to be free, independent and creative. For example, an obedient and submissive child who sits quietly and passively in the classroom may find himself totally disorientated when he enters the society because the increasingly competitive world tends to put more value on passion, inspiration,individuality and creativity than on conformity and compliance. What is ever worse, a child who is constantly being supervised by his parents and teachers may finally develop a strong resentment towards them and even reject the whole society, especially when no justification is given for why an instruction must be followed. To a lesser extent, the child may deceive his supervisors by keeping a docile facade while concealing an inner rebelliousness towards any authorities.

 

 

From my point of view, a healthy balance should be maintained between exercising disciplines on children and allowing them autonomy. Of course,without the necessary rules and guidance children may become mischievous and unruly; however, it should be remembered that mistakes and misbehaviors are part of their normal childhood experiences. Therefore, children must not be treated as an object to be modeled into a spitting image of their parents or teachers, but as free individuals who have their own ways of thinking, emotions and inclinations.

 

Essay Analysis

 

布局清晰 观点鲜明

 

Introduction指出“基本事实”

 

无论是父母还是老师,都想让孩子学习良好的行为举止,并因此对孩子发出各种各样的命令。

Both parents and teachers want to help young kids to learn to behave well and therefore give all kinds of instructions to them.

 

Introduction 进行“重述”

 

有人认为孩子会从规矩和纪律中获益匪浅,而少数人辩论道:这样会使孩子无法成长为具有适应社会能力的未来一代。

Some believe that children benefit a lot from rules and disciplines; however, a few argue that this prevents children from growing into a socially adaptable future generation.

 

Introduction承上启下、引出下文

 

就我来看,双方的观点在某种程度上都是正确的。

As far as I am concerned, both viewpoints are correct, but only to a certain extent.

 

Main Body 1提出“论点一”

 

首先,大多数孩子并不具备明辨是非或者区分善恶的能力,因此在他们的性格形成期,进行规矩的教养是极其必要的。

To start with , most children do not have the ability to distinguish right from wrong or good from evil , so a disciplined upbringing is essential in their formative years.

 

支持论据一:

 

严格的家教可以保证孩子的安全。

Strict parenting ensures the safety of children.

 

支持论据二:

 

小孩子对周围的事物总是充满着好奇,并且喜爱尝试一些带有危险性的行为。

Small kids are always curious about things around them and like to experiment with behaviors that are sometimes dangerous.

 

支持论据三:

 

“不准玩火”这样一条简单的规定可以让孩子免遭被烈火烧伤的危险。

A simple rule such as " do not play with fire " may keep children away from being burned by uncontrollable flames.

 

支持论据四:

 

另外,听从老师的在校规定并因此提高学习效率,学生可以更有把握地取得出色的学习成绩。

Besides, obeying their teachers' rules at school and therefore studying more effectively,students can stand a better chance of achieving an outstanding academic performance.

 

支持论据五:

 

而为了从学校生活中得到最大的益处,诸如“上课认真听讲”、“按时完成作业”以及“上课不准迟到”等规定都是学生所必须遵守的。

Moreover,"listen attentively during lessons","finish homework on time"and"do not be late for class" are all rules that a student should follow in order to get the most out of his school life.

 

Main Body 2 提出“论点二”

 

但是另一方面,太多的条条框框却可能会与孩子们渴望自由、独立和创造的想法发生冲突。

On the other hand, however, too many rules and regulations may interfere with children's desire to be free, independent and creative.

 

支持论据六:

 

例如,一个顺从、听话的孩子会安安静静、毫无生气地坐在教室里面,但是一旦进入社会,他会发现自己完全迷失了方向,因为当今竞争日益激烈的世界更注重的是激情、灵感、个性和创意,而不是循规蹈矩以及唯唯诺诺。

For example, an obedient and submissive child who sits quietly and passively in the classroom may find himself totally disorientated when he enters the society because the increasingly competitive world tends to put more value on passion, inspiration, individuality and creativity than on conformity and compliance.

 

支持论据七:

 

更为糟糕的是,一直处于父母和老师监督之下的孩子最终会对他们产生强烈的僧恨,甚至排斥整个社会,特别是在父母和老师不说明遵守命令的理由的情况之下。

What is even worse, a child who is constantly being supervised by his parents and teachers may finally develop a strong resentment towards them and over reject the whole society, especially when no justification is given for why an instruction must be followed.

 

支持论据八:

 

而严重程度较轻的情况是,孩子可能会欺骗其监督者,他一方面保持着温顺的外表,而另一方面却掩盖其内在对任何权威的反抗情绪。

To a lesser extent, the child may deceive his supervisors by keeping a docile facade while concealing an inner rebelliousness towards any authorities.

 

Conclusion表明立场、提出“中心论点”

 

我的观点是,我们应该在对孩子实行纪律和给予他们自主之间获得一种良性的平衡。

From my point of view, a healthy balance should be maintained between exercising disciplines on children and allowing them autonomy.

 

Conclusion进一步解释“中心论点”

 

当然,没有必要的规定和引导,孩子会变得调皮捣蛋、无法无天,但是我们必须牢记,犯错误和行为不良是他们正常的童年经历的一部分。

Of course, without the necessary rules and guidance children may become mischievous and unruly; however, it should be remembered that mistakes and misbehaviors are part of their normal childhood experiences.

 

Conclusion提出“建设性的意见”

 

因此,孩子们不能被当成一件可以随意塑造的物品,让他们变成其父母或老师的一种翻版;相反,他们应该被看作自由的个体,有自身的思维方式、情感和天性。

Therefore , children must not be treated as an object to be modeled into a spitting image of their parents or teachers, but as free individuals who have their own ways of thinking, emotions and inclinations.

 

词藻丰富、表达精彩

 

instruction命令、指令:give all kinds of instructions to children

 

benefit获益、得到好处:benefit a lot from rules and disciplines

 

adaptable有适应能力的:a socially adaptable future generation

 

distinguish区分、区别:distinguish right from wrong or good from evil

 

upbringing 教养:a disciplined upbringing

 

experiment 尝试:experiment with behaviors that are sometimes dangerous

 

burn烧伤、烫伤:be burned by uncontrollable flames

 

outstanding 出色的、杰出的:achieve an outstanding academic performance

 

attentively仔细认真地:listen attentively during lessons

 

interfere干扰:interfere with children's desire to be free and independent

 

submissive顺从的:an obedient and submissive child

 

disorientated 迷失方向的:find himself totally disorientated

 

value价值:put more value on passion,inspiration,individuality and creativity

 

conformity 遵从习俗:conformity and compliance

 

supervise监督、监管:be constantly supervised by his parents and teachers

 

resentment 憎恨、仇视:develop a strong resentment towards them

 

reject 拒绝、与……决裂:reject the whole society

 

facade 虚假的外表:keep a docile facade

 

rebelliousness反叛:conceal an inner rebelliousness towards any authorities

 

exercise 施加、施展:exercise disciplines on children

 

autonomy自主、自治:allow children autonomy

 

mischievous 顽皮捣蛋的:children may become mischievous and unruly

 

misbehavior不良行为:misbehaviors are part of normal childhood experiences

 

spitting image翻版:be modeled into a spitting image of their parents

 

inclination 天性:individuals who have their own emotions and inclinations

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