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英语语法:句型结构之存在句型

2019-05-30

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存在句型

该句型以there开头,其后是系动词,再接其他成分,主要表达事物的存在。

There is no such thing as an unbiased observation.

世界上不存在所谓的不偏不倚的观察。

There was a decline in the number of Japanese tourists heading to Australia in 1989.

1989年,前往澳大利亚的日本旅游人数有所下降。

There 之后除了使用系动词之外,也可以使用come, emerge, exist, lie, live, occur, stand, be

Likely to be, happen to be, seem to be, turn out to be, used to be 等表示状态或发生的动词。

Now, however, there turned out to be more to the story.

然而,这里发生的一切比上述所说的更多。

As the wind freshened there came a sudden squall and ship made a strange movement, listing to port.

随着风力的增强,突然刮来一阵暴风,船身奇怪地晃动了一下,向左测倾斜。

In the 1950s and 1960s, there emerged an awareness in Western societies that resources for the provision of fossil fuel energy were finite and exhaustible.

20世纪50年代和60年代,西方社会开始意识到意识到提供矿物质燃料能量的资源是有限的且又可能枯竭。

存在句型也可以和动词的被动语态结合在一起。

There is expected to be a slight drop to 18% in 2030.

预计将会在2030年轻微下降至18%

There are estimated to be more than 20,000 overseas domestic servants working in Britain.

据估计,在英国工作的外籍家庭佣人有两万人。

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