Topic 12: The advocates of international aid believe that countries have a moral obligation to help each other, while the opponents consider it unnecessary, because money is misspent by the governments that receive it. Discuss these two points of view and give your opinion.
·一种人道主义援助（humanitarian aid),有道德上的必要性（a moral imperative),为受灾的人提供救助（relief)服务是一种尊重生命的体现（show respect for life);
·有利于促进和平和稳定（peace and security),促进各个领域的交流（cultural,economic and social interaction),缓和紧张关系（ease tension),让一些国家可以融入全球经济（involvement in the global economy);
·促使捐献的国家接受一系列变化，包括和腐败斗争（combat corruption),政府增加责任度(increase accountability),增加透明度和私营企业以及公众对事务的参与（transparency and the involvement of the private sector and civil society)。
·政府对政府的资助（govermment-to-government assistance)在某种程度上助长了血腥和贪污的政权（buttress brutal and venal regimes),钱被滥用（mishandled),出现诈骗和贪污（fraud and corruption);阻碍了被援助国参与国际市场（impede participation in the international
·一些国家会比以往都更依靠援助（more dependent on aid than ever),这会有损其自信（erode self-confidence)、创造力（creativity)和国民的尊严（pride and dignity)。
International aid refers to money, equipment or services that are provided by a country or international organisation for countries that need them, known as recipient countries. It reflects a moral ideal of mankind, that is, mutual support and interdependence, according to those donor countries.However, some people adopt an opposing view and tend to believe that aid money can be misspent by the recipient countries. My view is that people should not withhold the provision of money or material resources in aid.
Humanitarian aid is a moral imperative. Members of the global community have the responsibility to provide relief to each other, especially to those disadvantaged members and those victims of natural disasters and civil unrest. This aid is essential to the homeless and useful in helping recipient countries return to their normal state after major disturbances. For example, with the humanitarian relief obtained worldwide on an annual basis , victims of natural disasters ( such as tsunami , draught , flood ) throughout he world can recover rapidly and rebuild their homeland.
Humanitarian relief is meanwhile an instrument to promote peace and security. The deep-rooted hostility between some countries can result from the disparity in the material standard of living, or from physical distance. The provision of humanitarian relief opens up the possibility of cultural, economic and social interaction between countries, and thereby easing tension. Recipient countries can thus participate in the global economy, a strategic step in shaking off poverty.
Admittedly, aid money is sometimes misused or spent on unintended destinations, but these pitfalls can never overshadow the benefits. Misuse can instead raise awareness of the global community to a venal regime and pressure the recipient country to adjust its system. Meanwhile, it can be tackled by tight regulations and scrutiny. In general, the abuse of international aid is an isolated event, so its effect should not be overstated.
From what has been discussed above, one can reach a conclusion that the role of humanitarian relief is not only to deliver urgent assistance to populations in need but also to strengthen ties between countries. Although fraud and corruption occur every now and then, they can be addressed in a way that enhances future aid endeavours.
6.result from=stem from=be caused by:由…导致
8.shake off-get rid of.摆脱（贫困等）