Topic 5: Some people argue that immigrants should adopt the local eutture when immigrating to a new country. An alternative view is that they can adapt to a new environment by establishing a minority community. Discuss these two views and give your opinion.
接受当地文化还是建立起自己的社区？两者并不矛盾或者冲突（contradictory or conflieting)、是可以共存的（coexistent),这是共同发展（realise betterment)的两个途径（dual approaches)。接受当地文化的好处：
·有利于融入新的文化（merge into the new culture),融入新的社会（integrate into the new society);学习主流语言（dominant language),有助于更好地了解当地的传统和有更好的成功机会（a fair chance to succeed);
·文化冲击（culture shock)带来的压力会有所减少；有利于加深相互之间的了解（deepen mutual understanding),防止排外主义和敌意（hostility and xenophobia),减少当地人的危机感(perceptions of threat),从而使当地人对移民有好的态度（favourable attitudes toward immigrants)和正面的看法（positive perceptions of migrant groups)。
·有利于提高自我意识（sense of identity),有利于对自己的节日和文化传统的保护（preservation of one's own festivals and cultural heritage),有利于不同的宗教和文化团体（religion and cultural groups)共存，从而满足大部分人的需要（satisfy most peoples'needs);
·有利于消除移民的压力。初到移民国家时无法适应全新的生活（unable to comprehend simple tasks in their new life),非常怀念他们以前居住的国家（old country of residence),想家（longing for family),感到迷惘（feel lost)。
The world in the 21st century is marked by high population mobility. When an increasing number of people have chosen to leave their motherlands and resettle in a new country, they are at crossroads whether to blend in with the local culture or to cherish their own cultural heritages by establishing a minority community. In my opinon, the convergence of different cultures does not require one culture to yield to another. Instead, it can be achieved by building minority communities.
Most immigrants, at the first stage of their life in a new country, are faced with merging into the new culture and integrating into the new society. Accepting the local culture by observing the local raditions is a good starting point. Doing so enables immigrants to interact with locals, especially in the workplace, where locals predominantly work. For example, in Western culture, people customarily keep a certain distance from each other when having a conversation, whereas in some other cultures,the closeness of physical distance is taken as a sign of mutual trust. Examples of this kind are many. A migrant to a new country should recognise the differences and observe local conventions. It will help avoid embarrassment and bring a sense of comfort.
While adopting local customs and blending into the local culture, migrants can follow their individual cultural traditions. The coexistence of different minority communities in a country benefits both immigrants and locals. On the one hand, it enables immigrants to counteract the stress that results from culture shock and to increase confidence in their residence in a new country. On the other, the flourishing of different cultures contributes to the establishment of a multi-cultural environment, a prerequisite for attracting skilled workforce from all over the world to settle.
By comparing the immigration options above, one can conclude that immigrants can adopt local conventions and cherish their own cultures simultaneously. This allows both locals and immigrants to co-build a harmonious multi-cultural community.
4.merge into=blend into=integrate into:融入