In the following text, some segments have been removed. For Questions 41-45, choose the most suitable one from the list A-G to fit into each ofthe numbered blanks. There are two extra choices, which do not fit in any of the blanks. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

The time for sharpening pencils, arranging your desk, and doing almost anything else instead of writing has ended. The first draft will appear on the page only if you stop avoiding the inevitable and sit, stand up, or lie down to write. (41)_______________.


Be flexible. Your outline should smoothly conduct you from one point to the next, but do not permit it to railroad you. If a relevant and important idea occurs to you now, work it into the draft. (42) _______________. Grammar, punctuation, and spelling can wait until you revise. Concentrate on what you are saying. Good writing most often occurs when you are in hot pursuit of an idea rather than in a nervous search for errors.


(43) _______________. Your pages will be easier to keep track of that way, and, if you have to clip a paragraph to place it elsewhere, you will not lose any writing on either side.


If you are working on a word processor, you can take advantage of its capacity to make additions and deletions as well as move entire paragraphs by making just a few simple keyboard commands. Some software programs can also check spelling and certain grammatical elements in your writing. (44) _______________. These printouts are also easier to read than the screen when you work on revisions.


Once you have a first draft on paper, you can delete material that is unrelated to your thesis and add material necessary to illustrate your points and make your paper convincing. The student who wrote “The A&P as a State of Mind” wisely dropped a paragraph that questioned whether Sammy displays chauvinistic attitudes toward women. (45) __________.


Remember that your initial draft is only that. You should go through the paper many times— and then again—working to substantiate and clarify your ideas. You may even end up with several entire versions of the paper. Rewrite. The sentences within each paragraph should be related to a single topic. Transitions should connect one paragraph to the next so that there are no abrupt or confusing shifts. Awkward or wordy phrasing or unclear sentences and paragraphs should be mercilessly poked and prodded into shape.

[A] To make revising easier, leave wide margins and extra space between lines so that you can easily add words, sentences and

corrections. Write on only one side of the paper.

[B] After you have already and adequately developed the body of your paper, pay particular attention to the introductory and concluding paragraphs. It’s probably best to write the introduction last, after you know precisely what you are introducing. Concluding paragraphs demand equal attention because they leave the reader with a final impression.

[C] It’s worth remembering, however, that though a clean copy fresh off a printer may look terrible, it will read only as well as the thinking and writing that have gone into it. Many writers prudently store their data on disks and print their pages each time they finish a draft to avoid losing any material because of power failures or other problems.

[D] It makes no difference how you write, just so you do. Now that you have developed a topic into a tentative thesis, you can assemble your notes and begin to flesh out whatever outline you have made.

[E] Although this is an interesting issue, it has nothing to do with the thesis, which explains how the setting influences Sammy’s decision to quit his job. Instead of including that paragraph, she added one that described Lengel’s crabbed response to the girls so that she could lead up to the A & P “policy” he enforces.

[F] In the final paragraph about the significance of the setting in “A&P” the student brings together the reasons Sammy quit his job by referring to his refusal to accept Lengel’s store policies.

[G] By using the first draft as a means of thinking about what you want to say, you will very likely discover more than your notes originally suggested. Plenty of good writers don’t use outlines at all but discover ordering principles as they write. Do not attempt to compose a perfectly correct draft the first time around.



答案 D
考点 上下文的衔接
【解析】 本段作为文章的首段,主要讲写作最重要的是要开始写,作者甚至夸张的说,站着、坐着,甚至躺着,都不重要,这就正好与选项D中的第一句it makes no differences how you write连接起来。因此答案是D


答案 G
考点 词汇复现+上下文的衔接

【解析】 该段空前的内容谈到,让提纲灵活些,不要让提纲限制你的思路,一旦有好的想法就应该马上把它写下来。空后谈到语法、拼写的修正可以先放在一边。空前谈到写作了,空后谈到修改,那么中间显然是初稿的完成,G的内容刚好反映这一点,故答案为G


答案 A
考点 词汇复现+上下文的衔接
【解析】 该题缺失内容在段首,因此重点定位其后的信息。空格下文提到,这么做便于你整理每一页的内容,并且不损失写在背面的内容。该句中that way所指代的对象应在空格处填入的内容中寻找。A项中“只在纸的一面写字”(Write on only one side of the paper)与下文“不会损失写在背面的内容”(not lose any writing on the other side)同义复现,含义紧密衔接。A项的第一句“为了便于修改”也与第二段末“将语法等问题留待修改时考虑”相呼应,关键词revise复现。



答案 C
考点 相关词同现+段落主题一致性
【解析】 本题缺失内容在第四段中间,上文提到利用软件能够很方便地检查稿子的拼写和语法错误,下文提到在修改过程中,看打印的文稿比看屏幕上的内容更为容易,从这个话题看,空白处应该填入与打印有关的内容,则C选项更符合这一要求。



答案 E
考点 相关词同现+段落主题一致性

















[B] 当你已经清晰地、充分地展开正文部分后,应特别注意开始和结尾段落。开始部分或许放到最后写会更好,因为你已经很清楚自己到底要介绍什么。结尾段落也同样需要注意,它将给读者留下最后的印象。


[F] 在最后一段关于讲述A&P环境的重要性时,这个学生提到萨米拒绝接受兰格尔的方针,引出了他辞职的原因。