You are going to read a list of headings and a text about what parents are supposed to do to guide their children into adulthood. Choose a heading from the list A-G that best fits the meaning of each numbered part of the text (41-45). The first and last paragraphs of the text are not numbered. There are two extra headings that you do not need to use. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)


[A] Set a Good Example for Your Kids

[B] Build Your Kids’ Work Skills

[C] Place Time Limits on Leisure Activities

[D] Talk about the Future on a Regular Basis

[E] Help Kids Develop Coping Strategies

[F] Help Your Kids Figure Out Who They Are

[G] Build Your Kids’ Sense of Responsibility



How Can a Parent Help?


Mothers and fathers can do a lot to ensure a safe landing in early adulthood for their kids. Even if a job’s starting salary seems too small to satisfy an emerging adult’s need for rapid content, the transition from school to work can be less of a setback if the start-up adult is ready for the move. Here are a few measures, drawn from my book Ready or Not, Here Life Comes, that parents can take to prevent what I call “work-life unreadiness”:




You can start this process when they are 11 or 12. Periodically review their emerging strengths and weaknesses with them and work together on any shortcomings, like difficulty in communicating well or collaborating. Also, identify the kinds of interests they keep coming back to, as these offer clues to the careers that will fit them best.




Kids need a range of authentic role modelsas opposed to members of their clique, pop stars and vaunted athletes. Have regular dinner-table discussions about people the family knows and how they got where they are. Discuss the joys and downsides of your own career and encourage your kids to form some ideas about their own future. When asked what they want to do, they should be discouraged from saying “I have no idea.” They can change their minds 200 times, but having only a foggy view of the future is of little good.




Teachers are responsible for teaching kids how to learn; parents should be responsible for teaching them how to work. Assign responsibilities around the house and make sure homework deadlines are met. Encourage teenagers to take a part-time job. Kids need plenty of practice delaying gratification and deploying effective organizational skills, such as managing time and setting priorities.




Playing video games encourages immediate content. And hours of watching TV shows with canned laughter only teaches kids to processinformation in a passive way. At the same time, listening through earphones to the same monotonous beats for long stretches encourages kids to stay inside their bubble instead of pursuing other endeavors. All these activities can prevent the growth of important communication and thinking skills and make it difficult for kids to develop the kind of sustained concentration they will need for most jobs.




They should know how to deal with setbacks, stress and feelings of inadequacy. They should also learn how to solve problems and resolve conflicts, ways to brainstorm and think critically. Discussions at home can help kids practice doing these things and help them apply these skills to everyday life situations.


What about the son or daughter who is grown but seems to be struggling and wandering aimlessly through early adulthood? Parents still have a major role to play, but now it is more delicate. They have to be careful not to come across as disappointed in their child. They should exhibit strong interest and respect for whatever currently interests their fledging adult (as naive or ill conceived as it may seem) while becoming a partner in exploring options for the future. Most of all, these new adults must feel that they are respected and supported by a family that appreciates them.



A. 为孩子树立一个好的榜样

B. 培养孩子的工作技能

C. 对休闲活动加以时间限制

D. 经常谈论未来

E. 帮助孩子掌握解决问题的策略

F. 帮助你的孩子了解他自己

G. 树立孩子的责任感

【答案】 F
【难度系数】 0.54

【答案】 D
【难度系数】 0.56
【解析】 本段文字的内容先谈到了要给孩子树立榜样,然后谈到要鼓励他们谈论他们的将来,显然这里重要的是帮助孩子能更好的为将来做准备,选项中只有D项涉及到将来,故正确答案为D

【答案】 B
【难度系数】 0.645
【解析】 段落文字第一句就谈到“教孩子如何学习是教师的责任,而教他们如何工作则是家长的责任”。从接下来的内容可以看出,段落内容都是围绕父母要如何教会孩子去工作,选项中涉及到工作内容的只有B项,故答案为B

【答案】 C
【难度系数】 0.74
【解析】 本段内容几乎每句都离不开娱乐,中心自然是关于小孩子如何度过空闲时间,与此内容一致的只有C,故答案选为C

【答案】 E
【难度系数】 0.61
【解析】 段落首句告诉我们,他们应该知道如何处理挫折、压力和不适的感觉,接着说到父母可以如何帮助他们,因此段落中心应该是父母如何帮助他们应对各种困难和挫折,选项E的内容与此一致。