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企业英语学习5

2019-11-25

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第五课时How to Deal with a Heavy Workload 如何应对繁重的工作

 

Perks 额外津贴,补贴 (为 perquisites 的缩略形式)

Nicety 精美之物

High blood pressure 高血压

Ulcer 溃疡

Health care benefits 医保福利

Campus 场地 校园

Coffee break 工间休息

Soda 汽水,冰欺凌苏打

Pastry 糕点

Eldercare program 老年保健计划

Locate nursing care facilities 查找老年护理设施,老年护理机构

Aging parents 年事越来越高的双亲

Exercise physiologist 运动生理学家

Wellness 健康,处于好的身体与精神状况之中(尤指通过适当的饮食、锻炼及良好的习惯而达到的健康状况)

Turnover rate 员工流动率

Norm 标准,规范

Low spirits 情绪低落

Paperwork 文书工作

Meet deadline 赶期限

Be susceptible to 易感染….疾病,易受….影响

Tactical 战术上的,善于筹划的

Stamina 耐力,毅力,持久力

Dexterity 灵巧,机敏

Athletic ability 运动才能

Locate a contract 得到一份合同

Work through lunch 不吃午饭继续工作

Downshift (汽车等)条低速档,放慢速度

Have easy access to 可方便地使用…

Burnout 耗尽体力

Benefit system 福利制度

Nutritious refreshment 富含营养的食物和饮料

Childcare vouchers 托儿券

Retail voucher 购物券

Annual leave 年假

Take up a hobby 培养一种业余爱好

Get off the treadmill 摆脱单调乏味的工作

Joy Gang 搞笑人员(专门提供以讲笑话或滑稽表演等方式让工作人员放松的服务)

Flexible working 弹性工作制

Flexitime 弹性工作(上班)时间,亦作 flextime

Homeworking 在家中上班(尤指利用家中电脑终端与中心办公室通讯,或在离家不远的卫星办公室上班。亦作

flexplace,flexplace flex-place

Pay-back 回报,收益

 

Perks and Fitness: No Longer a Nicety but a Necessity

增加津贴,促进健康,并非锦上添花,而是必不可少

Managers know that stress is a barrier to motivating the workforce.

管理者们知道,压力不利于激励员工的士气。

They also recognize that stress can result in stress-related illnesses, such as high blood pressure, ulcers, and fatigue.

他们也意识到,压力会导致相关疾病,如高血压、溃疡病和疲劳症。

These illnesses translate into higher benefits costs for the company as employees more frequently use health care benefits.

这些疾病转而成为公司更高的福利费用支出,因为员工会更加频繁地使用医疗服务。

A number of companies use nontraditional benefits and perks to help employees cope with stress.

一些公司采用与以往不同的福利措施和额外补贴来帮助员工解决工作压力。

At each of its 20 buildings at its 200-acre campus in Raleigh, North Carolina, SAS Institute provides coffee break rooms stocked with free soda, fresh fruit, M&Ms and pastries.

案件软件研究所位于北卡罗来纳州首府罗利市,它占地 200 英亩,有 20 栋楼。公司在每一栋楼里都设有咖啡屋,免费提供汽水、新鲜水果、巧克力和点心。

SAS employs a full-time ergonomics specialist to select office furniture that will reduce physical stress and strain.

腮赛仕软件研究所还聘请了一位全职生物工程专家,帮助公司挑选能够减轻对身体造成压力和损伤的办公家具。

SAS provides a free health clinic as well as an eldercare program that helps employees locate nursing care facilities for aging parents.

该公司还提供免费医务室和养老计划,帮助员工为年迈的双亲安排敬老服务。

Many companies provide benefits that help employees cope with the stresses and demands of balancing work and nonwork.

许多公司则提供一些福利计划以帮助员工克服压力并兼顾工作内外。

Cigna Insurance Company offers employees the option of placing take -out meal orders with the company chef.

信诺保险公司为员工提供了公司家庭订餐服务,

Employees who dont have the energy to prepare me als after a long or difficult workday can take home a prepared meal.

劳累了一天已经没有精力再准备晚餐的员工下班时,可以带着公司大厨烹制好的晚饭回家。

The company also offers an exercise physiologist to help employees suffering from stress.

公司还有运动生理学家专门为深受压力困扰的员工提供帮助。

Companies are also offering wellness and exercise programs to help employees alleviate stress and enhance their health at the same time.

有些公司还提供康复和健身计划来帮助员工减缓压力、增进健康。

Coca-Cola found that employees who participated in wellness and exercise programs used fewer sick days and tended to be more productive on their jobs.

可口可乐公司发现参加康复和健身计划的员工请病休假的时间减少了,而且工作效率得到了很大提高。

Are companies providing these services to look good to the community or because they are financially successful?

公司提供这些服务时为了向社会作秀,还是因为他们财大气粗呢?

Not really. It is shrewd business operations.

这些都是精明的公司运作策略。

For example, it is estimated that SAS turnover rate is 4 percent compared to the industry norm of more than 20 percent per year.

例如,据估计,赛仕软件研究所的员工流失率为每年 4%,而同行业的员工流失率一般高达 20%

While the free health clinic costs $1 million to operate, it is $500 000 less than the costs the company would realize if employees were treated elsewhere.

虽然免费医务室的运营需要 100 万美元,但公司的总支出要比员工到其他医院就诊减少了 50 万美元。

Real interview

 

PART ONE: Interview

 

1Do you ever feel overworked? (Why? /Why not?)

你是否曾感到工作过于疲劳?(为什么?)

Yes. Sometimes I am really overwhelmed with the heavy workload and feel tired and fatigued. As a secretary in the company, I have so much paperwork to do and often have to rush to meet tight deadlines. And I never seem to have time to take a holiday.

2What problems do staff usually have when they are under the burden of a heavy workload?

如果员工的工作量过大,会产生什么问题?

When they are under the burden of a heavy workload, employees will often feel frustrated or depressed. This would result in stress-related illnesses, such as high blood pressure and fatigue. Employees will be in very low morale and give very poor performance in their work.

3Do you think companies should provide sports facilities for their staff ? (Why?)

你认为公司是否应该为其员工提供运动设施?(为什么?)

Yes. I think its wise for companies to provide sports facilities for their staff. Employees can make the best use of these facilities to keep fit, so they can have better performance in their work. Its very rewarding.

4What types of sports do you like watching or playing? (Why?)

你喜欢观看并参与什么样的体育运动?(为什么?)

My favorite sport is table tennis. Its a moderate exercise, but it requires great skills both tactical and technical. You have to have speed, stamina, dexterity, shrewdness and quickness in decision-making. (速度,耐力,灵巧,精明和

快速决策) Its the most popular sports game in China I think.

 

PART TWO: Mini-presentation

Whats important when?

 

Coping with a heavy workload

l Benefits system

l Time management

应对繁重的工作需要考虑哪些要点?

福利制度

时间管理

 

In the face of a heavy workload, I think companies can introduce more benefits programmes. They can offer wellness and exercise programme, and provide exercise facilities to enhance employeeshealth. They can also introduce more flexible benefits programmes like childcare and nursing care for aging parents, etc. so that employees can balance work and nonwork. 

Time management is also important. Companies can provide training programs to help employees better manage their time. In this way, employees will become more organized and feel more at ease with their routine work.

Apart from these, companies should also care about the employeesmental health. They can provide psychological consultancy advice, so that employees can better adjust themselves to their work pressure.

面对一个沉重的工作量,我认为公司应该引进更多福利计划。他们提供健身和锻炼的计划,而且提供锻炼的设施来强健员工的体魄。他们也可以引进更为灵活的福利计划诸如儿童看护和照看上年纪的父母,等等。员工可以因此来平衡工作和生活。

时间管理也很重要。公司可以提供培训来帮助员工更好的管理他们的时间。通过这种方法,员工将变得更加有组织能力,并且在日常工作中感到放心。

除此之外,公司也应该关心员工的心理健康。他们可以提供心理咨询建议,使员工能够更好地适应他们的工作压力。

 

PART THREE

 

Discussion

 

Addressing the Problem of Overwork

Your manager has noticed the signs that employees in your company are overburdened wit h heavy workloads. You

have been asked to make suggestions about how to improve this situation. Discuss the situation together, and

decide:

l what signs of overwork do the staff show

l what measures should be taken to reduce stress at work

解决工作过劳的问题

你们的经理已经注意到了公司员工工作过劳的种种迹象。请你们提出改进这一情况的建议。讨论并决定:

l 员工表现出哪些过劳症状

l 应采取什么措施来减少工作压力

AWell, I think employees in our company are overburdened though they do not tell you how they feel. But most of them show signs like consistently working late, working through lunch, coming t o work even when ill, bringing work home, rushing to meet very tight deadlines and signs likeer

B: Like expressing frustration, feeling guilty when they leave work on time and not taking holidays.

A: Yes. Youre quite right.

B: This situation has to be improved. You know, the consequences of this overload can be stress, burnout, and illness. For the company, it can result in high turnover and poor performance.

A: So its time we should get started with some downshifting plans to help our staff relax and get over stress from work.

B: I think we can provide some flexible benefits to help employees balance their personal life and work. For example, we can offer childcare vouchers, retail vouchers, critical illness insurance and anyer, well, I mean annual leave.

A: We should also provide some sports facilities and organize sports activit ies to enhance employees health.

B: Thats a good idea. We can also provide coffee rooms and nutritious refreshments, so that our staff can relax themselves there during the break.

A: I quite agree with you. And encouraging staff to take up a hobby is another way to get off the treadmill.

BYes, recently, some other companies have organized Joy Gang, to generate workplace fun. You see, laughter is the best medicine for those who are in low spirits. And it helps to boost the morale of our staff.

A: 嗯, 我认为公司的员工负担过重虽然他们并没有告诉你他们的感受。但是大部分人显示和一些征兆例如坚持工作到很晚,午餐时间工作,甚至生病也来上班,把工作带回家,给予完成即将到达期限的工作,信号例如…

B:比如当他们按时回家按时休假时展现出焦虑和罪恶感。

A:是的,你说的很对。

B:这种情况必须被改善。你知道,超负荷工作的结果是压力、倦怠和疾病。对公司来说,这将造成高营业额和不佳的业绩。

A:因此,是时候开始实行减速计划来帮助员工放松和抵御工作压力。

B:我认为我们弹性的福利制度来帮助员工平衡工作和生活。例如,我们提供托儿券,零售商券、重大疾病保险和其他,嗯,我意思是每年的休假。

A:我们也应该提供一些运动设施和组织体育活动来增强员工的体魄。

B:那是个好办法。我们也可以提供咖啡室和营养餐,员工可以因此在休息时得到放松。

A:我同意你的观点。鼓励员工养成一个习惯是另一个摆脱单调乏味工作的方法。

B:是的,最近,其它某些公司组织“搞笑人员”去为工作场所带来乐趣。你看,欢笑是拯救情绪低落的最佳良药。而且它也会帮助员工增长士气。

 

Follow-up questions

1What facilities should companies provide in workplace to alleviate stress at work?

公司应该在工作场所提供什么设施来减轻员工的工作压力?

Company can provide childcare facilities, eldercare facilities or transportation facilities to help employees cope with these responsibilities, in this way, employees dont have to worry too much about these things, so they can take things easy.

2How important is it for employees to have time outside work?

员工在工作之余拥有闲暇时间有何重要性?

Its very important. You see, if they have more time outside work, they can relax, do physical exercises, take up hobbies, travel, etc. they will feel less stressed and happier both at work and at home.

3What other options are available to balance employeeswork and life?

还有什么其它方法可以平衡员工的工作和生活?

Companies can introduce flexible working, or flextime or homeworking so that theres less conflict between work and home life.

4Do you think time management helps to reduce stress at work? (Why?)

你认为时间管理可以减轻工作压力么?(为什么?)

Certainly. If you can manage your time well, you can work more efficiently, and find more time to refresh yourself and you can retain a healthy balance between work and life.

5What are the major pay-backs of reducing stress of the overworked staff?

减轻员工的工作压力有什么主要益处?

Its highly rewarding. It will benefit both the company and the employees. It helps employees to live a happier life and it also helps to boost their morale and enhance employee commitment to the company.

 

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