研究分析1996～2010年15次历年真题，将英语三级词汇分为：核心词汇和非核心词汇及超纲词汇。 核心词汇： 考试试题中出现频率较高的词和词汇考查重点、本身带有词组较多的词、多于其它此类搭配的词、有特殊用法的词，考生不熟悉的词。1000个词左右。
1. 词汇考试题型中在第二部分：词语用法和语法结构(PartⅡVocabulary and Structure)(30%)，共30题，考试时间25分钟。题目中50%为词和短语的用法，50%为语法结构。词语用法和语法结构部分主要考核学生运用词汇、短语及语法结构的能力。
5. 联想 联想有助于单词记忆，这是毫无疑问的。
完形填空（Part Ⅳ Cloze）是在一篇题材熟悉、难度适中的短文（约200词）中留有20个空白。每个空白为一题，每题有四个选项。要求考生在全面理解内容的基础上选出一个最佳答案，使短文的结构和意思恢复完整。填空的选项包括结构词和实义词，有些选项会涉及到一些重要的语法。
Most people have no idea of the hard work and worry that gosintosthe collecting of those fascinating birds and animals that they pay to see in the zoo.One of the questions that is always asked of me is __1__ I became an animal collector in the first __2__ .The answer is that I have always been interested in animals and zoos.According to my parents, the first word I was able to say with any __3__ was not the conventional“mamma”or“daddy”, __4__ the word“zoo”, which I would __5__ over and over again with a shrill __6__ until someone, insgroupsto __7__ me up, would take me to the zoo.When I __8__ a little older, we lived in Greece and I had a great __9__ of pets, ranging from owls to seahorses, and I spent all my spare time __10__ the countryside in search of fresh specimens to __11__ to my collection of pets.__12__ on I went for a year to the City Zoo, as a student __13__ , to get experience of the large animals, such as lions, bears, bison and ostriches,__14__ were not easy to keep at home.When I left, I __15__ had enough money of my own to be able to __16__ my first trip and I have been going __17__ ever since then.Though a collector's job is not an easy one and is full of __18__ ,it is certainly a job which will appeal __19__ all those who love animals and __20__ .
1.A.how B.where C.when D.whether
2.A.region B.field C.place D.case
3.A.clarity B.emotion C.sentiment D.affection
4.A.except B.but C.except for D.but for
5.A.recite B.recognize C.read D.repeat
6.A.volume B.noise C.voice D.pitch
7.A.close B.shut C.stop D.comfort
8.A.grew B.was growing C.grow D.grown
9.A.many B.amount C.number D.supply
10.A.living B.cultivating C.reclaiming D.exploring
11.A.increase B.include C.add D.enrich
12.A.later B.further C.then D.subsequently
13.A.attendant B.keeper C.member D.aide
14.A.who B.they C.of which D.which
15.A.luckily B.gladly C.nearly D.successfully
16.A.pay B.provide C.allow D.finance
17.A.normally B.regularly C.usually D.often
18.A.expectations B.sorrows C.excitement D.disappointments
19.A.for B.with C.to D.from
20.A.excursion B.travel C.journey D.Trip
【解析】in the first place是固定短语，意思是“首先”。此句意思是：别人经常问到的问题之一，是当初我是如何爱上动物的。
【解析】but在此处连接另一个句子（it was the word“zoo”，“it was”被省略），表示转折，意为“而是”，Except,except for,but for的用法接近，表示“除了……”。
We go there every day except Sunday.
He answered all the questions except for the last one.
For a year the dam remained complete but for the generators.
【解析】根据后面的over and over again,应选“repeat”
【解析】小孩想去动物园，便不停地发出尖叫声，故选“voice”。A shrill voice与scream的意思接近。volume（音量）；noise（噪音）；pitch（音调）均不合要求。
【解析】a great many后直接跟可数名词的复数形式；a great / large amount of后跟不可数名词；只有a great /large number of后可以跟可数名词的复数形式。
I read a great many English books.
A large amount of money is spent on tobacco every year.
A great number of civilians were murdered in cold blood.
【解析】attendant仆人；keeper可理解为“饲养员”，但是a student keeper容易被误解为“收留学生的人”；aide有“助手”之义。作者一边上学，一边在动物园里打工，只能当助手。
【解析】finance my first trip意为“支付我的旅行费用”；pay后应接介词for；其他选项的意思相差甚远。
【写作模版1】 ⑴The table/figure/graph/chart shows that from________to_______ . ⑵ It is self-evident that,___________.⑶ Three possible reasons contribute to___________.
(4)One reason is that_________; (5) another reason is that __________.(6)For instance,____________.(7)What's more___________.(8)As a result,______________.
(9)However, in my opinion___________ . (10 )For one thing,_________, For another, __________ . To sum up,____________________.
College Students Spending More Time on Computers
【模版例文】① The chart shows that students are now spending much more time on the computer, from one hour to four hours per week from 1990to 1995. ②It is self-evident that it increases sharply to twenty hours in the year of 2000. ③Three possible reasons contribute to this phenomenon.
④One reason is that most college students now can afford a personal computer due to the sharp decline in its price. ⑤Another reason is that they find the computer a wonderful thing to have fun with.⑥For instance, they can chat through QQ or playing games online. ⑦What's more, from Internet, they can learn things much more quickly than simply from reading books so that they can secure a good job in the future . ⑧As a result, all these lead to much more time spent on using computers.
⑨However, in my opinion, there are some complaints from both teachers and students. ⑩For one thing, students complain about the less availability of computers and slow speed of the network. ⑾ For another, some teachers worry that the much more time spent playing computer games or surfing online will lead students to ignore their studies and even do cheating instead of doing research by their own. ⑿To sum up, in spite of problems concerning the use of computer, computer is still of more merits than defects.
①I am delighted to learn that ________ . ②You are welcome to_________ .③I am sure___________.④As for____________ , I am thinking about______________.⑤On the one hand, ______________.⑥0n the other hand,____________________. ⑦If____________.⑧As to the___________, I suggest______________________. ⑨Of course,___________________.
⑩By the way, __________. ⑾In addition,____________.⑿I am looking forward to_____________.
Require About How to Choose a Good Major in the University
June 7th , 2006
①I am delighted to learn that you are going to apply for admission to my university. ② You are welcome to be my schoolmate.②I am sure you will be successful. ③As for the specific major you apply for, I am thinking about the international economics course. ④On the one hand, this is one of the best specialized programs in the university. ⑤On the other hand, in today’s society, students majoring in international economics are more likely to find a good job.⑥If you have more ideas, please let me know. ⑦As to the basic requirements to be considered for admissions, I suggest you reach the minimum scare set for admission to key universities in the College Entrance Exams first. ⑧Of course, you have to satisfy the special requirements in mathematics and be good at computer and English.
⑨By the way, in order to prepare for the exams, I suggest you pay attention to all the high school subjects, and maintain a balance between them. ⑩In addition. I am also going to mail you some math's revision materials and a set of New Concept English which will be of great help, I bet.
⑾I am looking forward to good news from you.
①This letter comes to you from_______ . ②In it, some opinions are put forward for you to reflect upon.
③As you know, _______. ④But unfortunately, we don’t find__________ sometimes. ⑤For one thing,________________.⑥For another, _________.⑦what's more, _________.⑧Honestly speaking,_________. ⑨For example,_______.⑩And__________⑾But there is still much room for improvement.
⑿I do believe____________.
Complain about the Dining Service in School
January 6th , 2007
Dear Mr. President,
①This letter comes to you from one of your students. ②In it, some opinions are put forward for you to think about.
③As you know, students of us go to the dining-hall three times each day. ④But unfortunately, we don't find the service there satisfying sometimes. ⑤For one thing, the food is not nutritious as it should be. ⑥For another, the fare is a little higher than we can afford. ⑦ What's more, sometimes the staff in the dining-hall just bring us steamed bread with their bare hands and you can’t imagine how dirty they are!
⑧Honestly speaking, some measures have been taken and things are improving there. ⑨For example, IC cards have taken the place of money in the canteen. ⑩And the attitude of the staff is also changing a little bit. ⑾But there is still much room for improvement.
⑿I do believe that, with the efforts of all people concerned, we can solve the problems there and make it a better place our students.
①Because of __________, great changes have been taken place in______. ② Particularly,_____________. ③Besides,_____________.
④As we know, there are several ways for ________ to_______choose. ⑤ Above all, ____________.⑥Secondly,________________.⑦Furthermore,_____________.⑧And finally,_______________.
⑨As far as I am concerned,___________.⑩ In the first place,______________.⑾ In the second place,______________.⑿Therefore,_________________.
How I Overcame Difficulties in Learning English
Like many other English learners, I found a lot of difficulties in learning English. Firstly, I found it difficult to understand what I read because most English words have more than one meaning. Besides, I found it difficult to write idiomatic English or translate Chinese into idiomatic English. Finally, my oral English was weak because I had no opportunity to communicate with native English speakers. Although I often read aloud, this didn't prove to be an effective way to improve my spoken English.
But I didn't lose heart in overcoming these obstacles. I tackled English vocabulary in two ways. First, I tried to understand and memorize the specific meaning of a word in its context. Second, I enlarge my vocabulary by breaking words up into roots and affixes and memorize them in connection with the words of the same roots or affixes. To overcome Chinese English, I tried to think in English directly. Although I haven’t had any opportunity to communicate with native speakers, I have tried to improve my spoken English by listening to English broadcasts and writing English compositions.
These experiences have turned out to be effective. I am feeling very confident in myself while sitting here for passing my degree English today.
①With the development of_________,___________.②So it is of great importance for us to___________.③On the one hand, ___________.④On the other hand,____________.
⑤To us______________, we have figured out many ways to__________.⑥First,_________.⑦Second,____________.⑧Finally, ____________.⑨In a word,____________.
⑩To sum up,____________. ⑾It is high time for us to____________.⑿Therefore, we must______________________.
How I Finance My College Education?
With the rapid development of higher education in China, more high school graduates admitted, exclusively the government can no longer finance universities and students must pay at least partly for their schooling.
There are various ways for a student to pay his tuition and fees. To begin with, if the student is quite excellent in his studies, he can apply for scholarship. Secondly, especially in China, he can always depend on his parents for all kinds of expenditure, including living allowances. Then, he can choose to turn to the bank to for a loan to pay his education, which he can repay after graduation. If he finds the entire above not desirable, he still has another road to take-to do a part-time job and work his way through college.
In my case, I am fortunate enough to be born into a well-to-do family and have no difficulty having my parents pay for all my fees.
as a college student, I dislike a totally dependent existence, so I am working part-time as a newspaper-boy to help support myself. And I am still studying hard, hoping to win a scholarship one day so that I can be wholly self-reliant and independent.
①It is well-accepted that(________).②For instance, (__ _).③Besides, ( ) . ④Furthermore, ( ). ⑤Not to mention( ).
⑥In spite of all these, _______________.⑦To begin with,_____________.⑧At the same time,____________.⑨Finally_________.⑩Thu_____________.
⑾ In short,___________.⑿It pays to_________________.
①It is well-accepted that nowadays dishonesty is a common phenomenon in society. ② For instance, many good-hearted doctors would not tell dying patients about their real condition. ③Besides, poor students tend to cheat on exams. ④Furthermore, greedy advertisers, armed with misleading advertisements, may lure customers into buying fake commodities. ⑤Not to mention such "decent" and famous figures as Liu Xiaoqing, used to be considered as China' s movie queen, have cheated the government on income taxes.
⑥1n spite of all these, honesty is always regarded as an important part of the human character. ⑦To begin with, if you treat others fairly, those associating with you will certainly profit from your sincerity. ⑧At the same time, a sense of trust builds up in their hearts, which, in turn, will earn you more true friends. ⑨Finally, that will benefit you in the long run. ⑩ Thus it is essential for everyone to maintain an honest attitude towards the whole society.
⑾In short, honesty wins trust, respect and honor.⑿It pays to be honest.
① It is well-known that_________ . ②For example,_____________.③And_________ . ④What's more,______________.⑤Even____________.
⑥However,_____________ . ⑦First of all,_______________.⑧Meanwhile, ________.⑨And_______________ .
⑩Therefore,____________________________.⑾In a word, _____________.⑿We should________________.
Fight Against the Fake Commodities.
①It is well-known that with the development of economy, fake commodities prevail in many places of our country.②For example, fake medicines and fake diplomas are widespread all over the country.③And there are many reasons explaining this phenomenon, one of which is that some profiteers, regardless of people's interest, can’t wait to make a fortune; They just take risk making and selling fake commodities. ④What’s more, the punishment is not severe enough to stop the violators. ⑤Even the violators are not afraid of it.
⑥However, fake commodities are extremely harmful to consumers as well as to the whole society. ⑦First of all, fake commodities may cause losses to consumers. ⑧Meanwhile, fake commodities may harm people's health, sometimes even lives. ⑨And in the 1998 fatal alcohol poisoning case in Shanxi Province, for example, a peasant produced "alcohol", dreaming of becoming rich overnight; Which, with 27 people killed and about 700 poisoned, caused great sufferings to the victims and shocked the whole country as well.⑩Therefore, it is really high time we took measures to crack down on the production and sale of fake commodities.
⑾In a word, fake commodities are really harmful to everyone concerned. ⑿we should fight against the fake commodities.
①导入Ladies and gentlemen，①I’m very glad to②主题句welcome you all to our factory.②First of all，I③事实wish to say a few words about our factory.③It④举例was set up in October，1986.④We spent onlyfourteen months in finishing building our factory.⑤事实⑤There are five workshops in our factory and 1 250 workers here，most of whom are young⑥事实举例people.⑥More than 400 workers have had some college education and more than 800 workers have⑦事实had middle school education.⑦Our factory⑧事实mainly produces fertilizers（肥料）．⑧In the past few years our factory has advanced rapidly.⑨⑨事实Now we have raised our output of fertilizers to more than 400 thousand tons a year.⑩The totaloutput value of our factory added up to 100⑩结尾句million yuan last year.
Thats all. Thank you.
【例5】One main reason for war is a difference in ideology. For example, nations have engaged in struggle over the merits of communist and capitalist systems of government. They frequently aid other countries in wars in order to topple governments that do not agree with their principles.
【例6】Cigarette smoke contains nicotine(因), several cancer produing or irritating substances and carbon monoxide gas. (结果1) Damage to the lining of the bronchial tubes is much more common among cigarette smokers than non-smokers, even when there is no obvious disease. Some of these changes are considered to be pre-cancerous. (结果2) Lung function is generally reduced among cigarette smokers. Cigarette smoking is a greater hazard than other factors --- such as community air pollution --- in the causation of cancer and chronic bronchitis. (先因后果,一因多果)
【点评】该段运用了 “原因 →多结果→点明主题”的推理顺序,对吸烟危害性的阐述颇具说服力。
【例7】My hometown is different from what is used to be juse a few years ago. (甲方1) In the past my hometown was a small quiet place. (甲方2) The streets were for the most part narrow and winding. (甲方3) The houses were small and shabby. (乙方1) Now, there are broad strees which are lined with fine shady trees and bordered with large, imposing buildings (乙方2) Many more are still in construction, (乙方3) You can also find crowds of people here and there. (乙方4) My hometown has become noisy but active and prosperous.
【例8】Jane and Karen have many things in common. (甲乙双方) To begin with, both girls have the same background. (甲方) Jane was born and raise in the West, (乙方) and so was Karen (甲乙双方) Next, both girls are interested in the same kind of subjects in school (甲方) Jane likes French, history and English. (乙方) In the same way, Karen likes Spanish, history and English. (甲乙双方) Furrthermore both girls want to be teachers. (甲方) Jane plans to become an elementary school teahcer, (乙方) But Karen wants to be high school teacher. As you can see, the two girls are almost like twins.
【例9】I have two good friends. They are quite different in character and yet have something in common. (对照) One of them is a jolly fellow and fond of company, and the other is a quiet and rather unsociable sort of shap. (对照) The jolly one likes all kinds of games. He is a clever, but be doesn’t care much for books. The other one, however, likes being alone and loves reading. He never plays games. (比较) In spite of all these differences they are both so really kind and sympathetic, so honest and straightforward, so loyal and true. (比较) They are both fine and usnselfish fellows. I like them both.
【例9】 Smoking is very popular among people．Some of the smokers believe that smoking can ease their nerves hardened with socialpressure. Others are after its stimulating effects．But they sel-dom think of the effects it might have on other people's health，especially when they smoke in public places such as cinemas，waiting rooms，buses and trains。Smoking is harmful to health•It contributes a lot to lung cancer，of which many people have died in the past few years．And it isthe cause of many other diseases．In fact，not only smokersthemselves suffer from these smoking-related diseases，but alsonon-smokers who involuntarily inhale the tobacco-polluted air。
【例10】What then, is generation gap? Generation gap refers to the distance and contradiction between the old and the young. It’s a common phenomenon that exists everywheere in the world and influendes both the old and they young. Generally speaking, generation gap resuls in different enderstanding and appreciation of the great and oxnstant changes of the world, different reaction to new things, and different attitudes to traditonal principles and belief.
【例10】 Speeding is now the most common motoring offence in Britain。Offences for speeding fall into two classes：exceeding the！imiton restricted road， exceeding on any road．A restricted road isone where the street lamps are 200 yards apart，or more。
【例11】There are three kinds of book owners. The first has all the standard sets and best sellers unread, untouched. (This deluded individual owns woodpush and link, not books. ) The secondhas a great many books-a few of them read through, most ofthem dipped into, but all of them as clean and shiny as the daythey were bought. (This person would probably like to makebooks his own, but is restrained by a false respect for their physical appearance. ) The third has a few books or many -everyone of them dog-eared and dilapidated, shaken and loosened bycontinual use, marked and scribbled in front to back. (This manowns books. )
【例12】Our eyes give us information all the time. But our brains decide what is important to us. For example, if you walk down a crowded steet, you will see many faces. But if you see someone you know, you will notice him emmediately.
中文有谚语说“万事开头难”，英语作文也不例外。学英语的人都有这样的体会：一旦写好了开头句子和段落，下面就会文思泉涌。英文也有谚语说“Well begun is half done”指的是开篇在全文写作中的分量和作用。文章的开头既要点明主题，提出观点或论点，以便使读者抓住文章的中心思想和写作目的，又要尽可能引人人胜，以求吸引读者的兴趣和好奇心。
【例1】There was a serious accident in the chemistry lab last week，A confused student accidentally poured a wrong mixture of chemi-cals in test tube．There was a strong explosion．Broken pieces ofglass from the test flew in al！directions．A sliver of flying glassfound its mark in John Martin's right arm．The lab instructor sawblood trickling from John's arm．He immediately notified theuniversity's infirmary about the accident。
【例2】 We can see from the chart that the world population is increasing rapidly．By the year 2000，the world population will have dou-bled from that in 1960．1960 saw the world with only about 3 billion people，but by the year 2000，the number will shot up to more than 7 bil！ion 400 million．
【例3】 Rhythm in literature is a more or less regular occurrence of certain elements ofwriting: a word, a phrase, an idea, a pause, a sound, or a grammatical construc-tion. We are also accustomed to this recurrence in the alternate heavy and light beats in music.
【例4】Linguistics can be defined as the scientific study of language．This definition implies that！inguistics studies not just one lan-guage of any society，but the languages of ail human societies.The word "study" here does not mean“learning"，but“investiga-tion" or "examination"．
【例5】 My home is an old but comfortable building near the downtown area in the capital of my country．It is centrally located near myschool，the bus lines，several parks，and a museum．The peoplein the neighborhood are friendly and cooperative. There is very！ittle crime，pollution，or clanger there，and children are oftenfound playing on the less-traveled streets．There are small mar-kets and shops within walking distance and larger departmentstores and a shopping center less than ten blocks away．
【例6】There is much being said about natural foods these days，Of-ten，proponents of natural foods criticize the majority of foods beingsold in the supermarkets because they contain preservatives. Yet,what would happen if food processors quit using preservatives on bakery goods，frozen vegetables，breakfast cereals, and canned goods？Would the housewife be prepared to deal with storing foodswithout preservatives？
【例7】When sickness first breaks out，the attention and care of thewhole horsehold are focused on the sufferer，who，whether man orwoman，instinctively turns to the affection of loved ones for help.But whe，sickness persists，the paths of the invalid and thosearound diverge more and more．
【例8】I have often thought it would be a blessing if each human be－ing were stricken blind and deaf for a few days at some time duringhis early adult life．Darkness would make him more appreciative ofsight；silence would teach him the iovs of sound．
【例9】Color is widely used as a protective device among animals. Some birds displaybrightly colored feathers when they are threatened. These are designed to frightenaway the enemy. Some animals emit a peculiar smell for the same purpose. Colorand form may be used to conceal the animal. Some insects conceal themselves bymaking themselves resemble plants or flowers. They are hardly visible becausethey can merge into their surroundings.
【例10】Industry experts estimate that 5 percent of teenagers own acellular phone, and one recent survey by a market research groupfound that 28 percent of parents with teenagers plan to buy a cellphone for their child within a year. But on the question of why this new teen accessory is needed, the two generations are at opposite ends. Parents envision it as anexpansion of their protective eye. Can't locate the wandering teenJust dial. Teenagers, on the other hand, see the cell phone as a gift of freedom, a device that instantly connects them to their friends, to every party and to the very latest piece of goosip.
【例11】 Happiness is very important to our life．Shakespeare said，“One who is unhappy can never get a beneficial result．”Thisgood advice gives us the best method to make our mental andphysical life both strong．
1） Recently the problem of…has aroused people’s concern.
2） Recently the problem of…has been brought to public attention
Recently，the problem of二has been brought into focus.
4）Man is now facing a big problem一（pollution），which is becoming
more and more serious.
5) Have you ever thought of．，．？
6）There will surely be no agreement among people as to the issue whether…
7）（Internet）has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought us a lot of benefits but has createdsome serious problems as well.
8) One of the serious problems facing us at present is…目前，我们
9) There has been a heated argument about whether...
10）Perhaps we need to reconsider the traditional ways of doing it，
11）It is generally agreed that…is in deep trouble.
12）It is only during the last few years that man has become generally aware of the importance of (sustainable development)
13）Everyone is aware of the horrible fact：
14）It’s difficult to imagine now how we did something without…
15）Along with something goes with something. Inevitably，the two are deeply intertwined.
16）Over the past decade，many people have been troubled with the serious problem of...
17) One of the pressing problems confronting us today is...
18) One of the hottest topics many people talk about now is. . .
19）Now people become increasingly aware of the necessity of.，．
20）No issue is more important now than the one that...（which）is commonly held by most people.
21）In spite of great progress made in the field of．，．，but.．，remain basically unchanged.
22）There will often spring up a heated discussion as to...
23）（Independence）has become a hot topic among people，especially among the young，and heated debates are right on their way
24）Nowadays，（overpopulation）ha、become a problem we have to face．
25 ）It is commonly believed that.，．
1) 2）It is a common belief that if...
2) It is held by some people that.．．
3) 4) It is universally acknowledged that. .
4) When it comes to．…，most people believe that..
5) There is often an assumption that. . .
6) It is increasingly recognized by the general public that.
7) It has been accepted without question for a long time that..
8) It has been taken for granted that..
9) ) Many people insist that. ..
11）A commonly accepted rule of doing something is that...
12）With the development of science and technology，more and more people believe that..
13）In a world that’、growing more and more（competitive）…，the ability to do something has never been more important.
14）It has often been remarked that...
1J）A lot of people seem to think that…
16) It is believed that...
17）Although it i、commonly held that...，it is quite unlikely that．
18）Although it I、generally agreed that.
18 it is unlikely to he true that...
19）Although the（common）（belief）is that... A recent（discovery）（shows） that.，．
20）Although people all agree that…，it should be noted that..
21）For years（hard working）has been regarded as…，but things are quite different nowadays.
22）For years... had been viewed as…But people are taking a fresh look at it now．
23）Most of us have taken it for granted that...，but a recent survey reveals“surprising discovery.
24) We are often told that... But is this really true?
25）Many people like the idea of…But it is not beneficial to…
26) It's well understood that…always requires，but...
27）People used to think that... in the old days. But things are quite different now.
28）Everything has two side、and…is not an exception. It has both advantages and disadvantages.
一）It is a common misconception that if..
2) There is a common misconception among people that…
3） There is some fragments of truth in the statement that二，，but this is not to mean that. ..
4) Today it is not unusual for somebody to do something.
5) What people failed to perceive is that.，，
6）Today，…is under strong attack.
7）People often imagine that they can do something simply by doing something
8）No idea is more dangerous than...，which is widely held by. ..
9）Perhaps it is time to reexamine the attitude that...
1） When asked about..，people usually respond differently. Some people prefer to.，．；Others, however, prefer to.…
2） People’s views on…vary from person to person. Some hold that... However, others believe that...
3) People may have different opinions on...
3） When asked about，二，many people think that... But other people believe different
4） When it comes to...，some people believe that... others argue that the opposite is true. There is probably some reason in bothstatements，but...
5） When faced with...，quite a few people claim that.二，but other people think of…as...
7) Attitudes towards (drugs) vary from person to person.
8) There are different opinions among people as to...
9) Different people hold different attitudes toward（failure)．
1) According to a recent study,…
2）A recent survey indicates that... So some people take the view that…Others，however，don't think so.
3) No one can deny the fact that... but.
4）A recent newspaper report on a survey among（students）states that...
6） One of the（一oys） of something is，and always has been，that...
6）Somebody has offered a fascinating insight into the nature of，
7) According to a major new study, conducted by somebody
7） One of the most striking things about something/ somebody is that…
8） Although, the popular idea is that... a recent study shows that.
10) All scientific observations justify the view that...
11) Statistics available suggests that.，．
12）Personal experience teaches us that...
13) There is considerable evidence in favor of…
1) One of the great scientists once remarked,…
2）“Genius is two percent inspiration and ninety-eight percent perspiration”is the opinion held by Edison. This remark has beenconfirmed time and again by more and more people.
3) Many years ago, a great philosopher said that...
4） There is an Engh、h proverb which says that“Easily come easily go .
5） There i，an old saying，“Practice makes progress.”It is the experience of our forefathers，however，it is correct in many caseseven today.古语道：
6) As a popular saying goes，…
7）One of the great writers once. said that... Now it still has a realistic significance.