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部队与部队医院职称英语阅读理解【2】

2019-08-22

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  Soon, a bra, universally used to provide support and comfort to the breasts, might offer health benefits, for scientists at the University of Bolton are developing a bra that can detect if the person wearing it is suffering from early-stage breast cancer.

  Experts working on the "smart" bra say that it will be able to spot cancer before a tumor can develop and spread.

  Professor Elias Siores, inventor of the bra, who works in the Centre for Research and Innovation at the University of Bolton, also claims that the undergarment will be able to assess the effectiveness of any breast cancer treatment its wearer is undergoing.

  "It could emit two warnings, audible or visual or both. If the warning persists, you would see a specialist,” Discovery News quoted Siores, as saying.

  The smart bra works by using a microwave antennae system, which can easily be woven into fabric. The antennae pick up any abnormal temperature changes in the breast tissue, which are linked to breast cancer cells.

  Conducting polymers (导电高分子) in the fabric would transmit the signals to a small computer chip that would filter the information. Specialized software would assess the information and sound an alarm if conditions indicated the likely presence of cancerous cells.

  Siores said that an efficient way to use the bra would be to wear it while plugged into a power supply for a few minutes during diagnosis.

  "This is a truly innovative idea to use some pretty advanced electronics for the detection of breast cancer," said Brian McCarthy, director of TechniTex Faraday, Manchester, U.K..

  The lifesaving undergarment will be manufactured within the next two years

  1.Scientists at the University of Bolton are developing a bra that

  A.can offer stronger support and comfort to the breasts than traditional ones.

  B.looks more beautiful.

  C.detect early-stage breast cancer.

  D.remove early-stage breast cancer

  正确答案:C

  解析:问题问的是:博尔顿大学的科学家们正在发明什么样的胸罩?由第一段最后一行可知是能够发现早期乳癌的。A,B选项中提到的舒适美观的功能并没有提到;D选项中的“remove”意为除去,与原文不符。detect意为发现,检测

  2.If a “smart” bra emits a warning that persists

  A.the wearer should turn it off.

  B.it means “low battery”.

  C.the wearer must have breast cancer.

  D.the wearer should go to the doctor and has her breasts checked

  正确答案:D

  解析:问题问的是:胸罩发出警告声并持续不停,意味着什么?从第四段中可以得出“你该去看医生了”这一结论。A中的“将它关掉”;B中的“电量低”显然不符合题意;C说的是“穿着者一定患有乳癌”太过武断,也不确切

  3.How does a “smart” bra work

  A.By picking up abnormal temperature changes in the breast tissue.

  B.By identifying the color changes of the breast skin.

  C.By picking up abnormal shape changes of the breasts.

  D.By stimulating the breasts with radiation

  正确答案:A

  解析:问题问的是:智能胸罩的工作原理是什么?文章第五段中提到,胸罩应用微波天线系统,能够捕捉连接在乳房细胞上的组织温度的非正常变化。因此A正确。B说的颜色变化, C中说的形状变化,和D中提到的“用辐射刺激乳房”都不正确

  4.Brian McCarthy’s attitude towards the “smart” bra is

  A.positive.

  B.negative.

  C.indifferent.

  D.sarcastic.

  正确答案:A

  解析:问题问的是:布莱恩麦卡锡对智能胸罩是什么态度?倒数第二段中的“innovative”一词表明了他的观点,该词意为“有创意的”,说明他的态度是肯定的

  5.Which statement is NOT true according to the passage

  A.The “smart” bra can spot cancer before it develops and spreads.

  B.The bra can assess the effectiveness of treatment the wearer is undergoing.

  C.The bra must be used together with a computer to get the best effect.

  D.People may be able to buy “smart” bras in two years time

  正确答案:C

  解析:问题问的是:关于短文,哪个观点不正确?第二段和第三段中分别可以找到A和B的原话,短文最后一句话正是D中的观点。C中说的智能胸罩必须和电脑同时使用才能发挥最好的效果文中并没有提到

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