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部队与部队医院职称英语概括大意与完成句子【2】

2019-08-22

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  1.There is no denying that English is a useful language.The people who speak English today make up the largest speech community in the world with the exception of speakers of Chinese.Originally they were small tribes of people from northern Europe who settled in England.Their languages became more and more similar to each other.Finally,the language had enough uniformity to be used by all speakers in England.The people were united into a speech community through their shared language.

  2.A speech community is similar to other kinds of communities.The people who make up the community share common language.Often they live side by side,as they do in a neighborhood,a village,or a city.More often they form a whole country.National boundaries,however,are not always the same as the boundaries of a speech community.A speech community is any group of people who speak the same language no matter where they happen to live.

  3.We may say that anyone who speaks English belongs to the English speech community.For convenience,we may classify the speakers into two groups: one in which the speakers use English as their native language,the other in which the speakers learn English as a second language for the purpose of education,commerce,and so on.

  4.English serves as an alternative language in several areas of public activity for the many nations of the world which employ it as an international second language.English has been adopted as the language of air traffic,commerce,as well as international diplomacy.Moreover,English is the language of the majority of published materials in the world so that education has come to rely heavily on an understanding of English.

  5.Learning second language extends one's vision and expands the mind.The history and literature of a second language record the real and fictional lives of people and their culturel;a knowledge of them adds to our ability to understand and to feel as they feel.Learning English as a second language provides another means of communication through which the window of the entire English speech community becomes a part of our heritage.

  23.Paragraph 2 ___________

  24.Paragraph 3 ___________

  25.Paragraph 4 ___________

  26.Paragraph 5 ___________

  A.The Wide Use of English

  B.Historical Account of English and Its Community

  C.The Advantages of Learning a Second Language

  D.The Composition of the English Community

  E.The Threat That English Poses to Other Languages

  F.The Definition of a Speech Community

  27.Only through the shared language ___________.

  28.The idea of the national boundaries in often different from ___________.

  29.Speakers are classified into two groups ___________.

  30.An understanding of English ___________.

  A.that of a speech community

  B.can a speech community be formed

  C.in order to learn English better

  D.for the sake of simplicity

  E.has played an important role in the field of education

  F.is widely used in several areas of public activity

  参考答案:

  23.F 此段解释何为语言群体,最后一句话是关键,可以看作是语言群体的定义。

  24.D 此段是讲英语语言群体包括的两类人,所以用composition“构成”一词。

  25.A 此段讲述英语在全世界许多领域被广泛应用,如航空、商务、外交、教育等。

  26.C 此段主要谈的是学习第二语言的益处,最后一句话更具体到学习英语的益处。

  27.B 答案来自第一段最后一句,说明人们是通过他们所拥有的共同语言组成一个语言群体。以only开头的句子谓语部分要求使用倒装句。

  28.A 第二段第四句话表明国界与语言群体的界限并不总是一致的。that用来替代the+有关前述名词,以避免重复。

  29.D 第三段第二句表明为了方便起见我们将说话者分为两类。for the sake of指“出于……的考虑”。

  30.E 第四段最后一句话表明教育越来越依赖对英语的理解。也就是说对英语的理解能力在教育中起着重要的作用。

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