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雅思写作解释题型思路与写法

2019-07-11

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解释题型【信号词problem-measure-causes-solve

解释题型:“分析——解决”结构

解释题型是一个现象phenomenon问题problem,让你谈谈现象的原因或针对题目提出解决方案,主要特点:不需要提供自己的观点,因为往往题目是一种现状或事实,要求分析和建议。)

题目:International travel makes people prejudiced rather than broad-minded. What are its causes and what measures can be taken to solve this problem.

首段:转述主题(描述现象或要分析的问题)【一般为3句:背景+转述+引起下文】

In the past,...(跟题目相反【背景】)。Nowadays,however,...(题目转述)【过去,......。而,现在......】What factors lead to this phenomenon and what we can do to solve the problem have become a concern to many people. 【是什么因素导致了这个现象以及我们怎么做才能解决这个问题已经为很多人做关注。】

 

范文

In the pastinternational tourism boomed and you thought greater understanding to develope between the people of different countries with all this coming and going.国际旅游业蓬勃发展,看到人们之间的交往如此频繁,你会以为世界各国人民之间的相互理解。 Nowadays,however,international tourism may have some drawbackes such as preconception.国际旅游业也带来很多缺点。例如,它会使人们怀有偏见。What factors lead to this phenomenon and what we can do to solve the problem have become a concern to many people.

 

第二段:分析原因

The following reasons should be taken into consideration.【应该考虑下列原因。】The main reason is that...。【主要的原因是......。】Secondly,...【其次,......】.Ultimately,......【最后,......】

 

范文:

The following reasons should be taken into consideration.The main reason is that many tourism organization deliberately set out to protect their clients from too much contact with the local population.【set out to protect sb from...(把某人隔开,不让......) 】许多旅游组织处心积虑的把游客与当地居民隔离开,不让他们有过度的接触。Secondly,unbalanced regional development may increase the conflict between people who come from different nations. At the same time,history and religion are also very significant factors.区域发展的不平衡也可能导致来自不同国家之间的冲突,同时,历史和宗教信仰也是非常重要的因素。Ultimatelydifferent education background contributes to prejudice as well.For example,the gap of the educational systems between China and western result in confliction.不同的教育背景也引起偏见的重要原因,例如中西方教育体系的差异导致人们思维方式的冲突。

 

第三段:提出解决方法(针对第二段指出的原因,提出相应地解决方法)

As to how to address the problempeople put forward various suggestions. The most important approach is that...。In the second place,...。Additionally,...

至于如何解决这个问题,人们提出了各种各样的建议。最重要的办法是,......。其次,......。此外,......。

 

范文:

As to how to address the problempeople put forward various suggestions. The most important approach is that tourism should be given more chances to communicate with local people. Otherwise,they cannot have a full view of the local culture.应该让游客有更多的机会和当地人交流,否则,他们不可能全面了解当地文化In the second place,tourism should learn about local lifestyle and costom from the media before travelling.在去旅游前应该从媒体学习一些当地的人们生活方式以及风俗Additionally,the people are taught by governments to promote friendship and understand each other。This is also a very good means of broadening peoples horizon.政府应该教育人们促进友谊和相互理解。这也是拓宽人们视野的一个很好的办法。

 

结尾段:总结概括

In short,this disturbing problem is attributed to many factors and I believe with the joint efforts from individuals and the government,it can be eventually resolved.

【总之,这个问题的出现有很多因素。我认为,通过个人和政府的共同努力,最终会被解决。】

 

整理:

首段:转述主题(描述现象或要分析的问题)【一般为3句:背景+转述+引起下文】

In the past,...(跟题目相反【背景】)。Nowadays,however,...(题目转述)【过去,......。而,现在......】What factors lead to this phenomenon and what we can do to solve the problem have become a concern to many people. 【是什么因素导致了这个现象以及我们怎么做才能解决这个问题已经为很多人做关注。】

 

In the pastinternational tourism boomed and you thought greater understanding to develope between the people of different countries with all this coming and going. Nowadays,however,international tourism may have some drawbackes such as preconception.What factors lead to this phenomenon and what we can do to solve the problem have become a concern to many people.

 

The following reasons should be taken into consideration.The main reason is that many tourism organization deliberately set out to protect their clients from too much contact with the local population.Secondly,unbalanced regional development may increase the conflict between people who come from different nations. At the same time,history and religion are also very significant factors.Ultimatelydifferent education background contributes to prejudice as well.

 

As to how to address the problempeople put forward various suggestions. The most important approach is that tourism should be given more chances to communicate with local people. Otherwise,they cannot have a full view of the local culture.In the second place,tourism should learn about local lifestyle and costom from the media before travelling.Additionally,the people are taught by governments to promote friendship and understand each other。This is also a very good means of broadening peoples horizon.

 

In short,this disturbing problem is attributed to many factors and I believe with the joint efforts from individuals and the government,it can be eventually resolved.

 

总体思路

首段:转述主题(描述现象或要分析的问题)【一般为3句:背景+转述+引起下文】

In the past,...(跟题目相反【背景】)。Nowadays,however,...(题目转述)【过去,......。而,现在......】What factors lead to this phenomenon and what we can do to solve the problem have become a concern to many people. 【是什么因素导致了这个现象以及我们怎么做才能解决这个问题已经为很多人做关注。】

 

第二段:分析原因

The following reasons should be taken into consideration.【应该考虑下列原因。】The main reason is that...。【主要的原因是......。】Secondly,...【其次,......】.Ultimately,......【最后,......】

 

第三段:提出解决方法(针对第二段指出的原因,提出相应地解决方法)

As to how to address the problempeople put forward various suggestions. The most important approach is that...。In the second place,...。Additionally,...

【至于如何解决这个问题,人们提出了各种各样的建议。最重要的办法是,......。其次,......。此外,......。】

 

结尾段:总结概括

In short,this disturbing problem is attributed to many factors and I believe with the joint efforts from individuals and the government,it can be eventually resolved.

【总之,这个问题的出现有很多因素。我认为,通过个人和政府的共同努力,他最终会被解决。】

 

 


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