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雅思图表写作句式学习

2019-05-02

微信图片_20190117221925

88

【学习1】

增长:witnessed a surprising increase 【增长……】 

experienced a growth【增长】

soared【大幅度增长】

showed an upward trend【增长】

indicated a rise【增长】

…,rocking from…to…【……,从……增长到……】

…,reaching…【到……】

...,peaking at...【最高点是......】

...,which surged....【......,大幅度波动增长.....】

 

witnessed a surprising increase 【增长……】The number of the radio audiences witnessed a surprising increase to approximately 28% in the year of 2008.   收音机的人数在2008年增长到大约28%.

 

experienced a growth【增长】The teacher's salary experienced a growth from about 20% in 2005 to 40% in 2010.老师的工资从2005年的大约20%增长到2010年的40%。

 

soared【大幅度增长】The unemployment rate in the UK soared with roughly 60% by 1999.英国的失业率到了1999年大幅度增长了60%。

 

…,rocking from…to…【……,从……激增长到……】There was an upward trend in the employment rate,rocking from 10% to 80% from 1999 to 2001.就业率显示增长的趋势,从1999年到2001年,从10%激增到80%。

 

…,reaching…【到……】The rate of telephone used in 1982 indicated a rise,reaching the peak at 50%.在1982年使用电话的比率显示增长,达到最高点的50%。

 

...,peaking at...【最高点是......】The percentage of American tourists to UK displayed an increase,peaking at 56% in 2003.美国旅客到英国旅游的比率显示上升,达到2003最高点的56%。

 

...,which surged....【......,大幅度波动增长.....】The number of marriages revealed a growth,which surged to 29% in 2007. 结婚的人数显示上升,这激增到2007年的29%。

 

下降

suffered from a downward trend【下降】

represented a decline【下降】

descended下降

dropprd下降

fall【过去式fell】下降

...,reaching the bottom at...【最低点是......】

demonstrated a decrease下降

There was a decrease in...,which collapsed...

在......方面下降,急剧降......

 

suffered from a downward trend【下降】【The proportion of the American tourists to UK suffered from a downward trend from 36% in 2003 to 20% in 2007.

美国旅客到英国旅行的比率呈现下降趋势,从2003年的36%下降到2007年的20%。

 

represented a decline【下降】【The rate of unemployment in the U.K. represented a decline,reaching the bottom at 20% in 2005.

英国失业率呈现下降,降到2005年的最低点室20%。

 

There was a decrease in...,which collapsed...【There was a decrease in the consumption of Coke in 2005,which collapsed to 30%.

 

collapse大幅度下降【动词原形】

在2005年,Coke的消费呈现下降,这大幅度降到30%.

remained almost stable【保持不变】

illustratrated a slight fluctuation显示轻微的波动

waved波动【动词】

fluctuated波动【动词】

上升或下降的幅度大

dramatic急剧【形容词】-dramatically【副词

形容词前置来修饰名词,副词后置来修饰动词或动词短语

 

上升或下降的幅度大:

dramatic急剧【形容词】-dramatically【副词

significant大幅度的【形容词】—significantly【副词

Significant(significantly),dramatic(dramatically),sudden(suddenly),considerable(considerably),abrupt(abruptly),rapid(rapidly),sharp(sharply)

幅度小:

Slight(slightly),slow(slowly),gradual(gradually),steady(steadily)

 

line graph=curve graph【曲线图】

    bar chart=column chart【柱状图】

    table【表格】

    pie chart【饼形图】

 

There was a significant decrease...

    下降......

A demonstrated more drastic changes than B.

   A比B变化更大。

There was a fluctuation......

显示波动......

It is expected to boost 【将增长】--用于将来情况

    It is expected to collapse【将下降】--用于将来情况

A displayed a substantial rebound of…【出现回升……】

There was a big imbalance between…and …

     ……和……存在极大的不平衡。

 

A demonstrated more drastic changes than B.【The percentage of radio audieces demonstrated more drastic changes than that of television audiences.

收音机观众的比率比电视观众的比率变化更大。

 that of 代替前面的The percentage of

A displayed a substantial rebound of…【出现回升……】【The number of those who watched TV displayed a substantial rebound.

看电视的人数大幅度出现了回升。

A displayed a substantial rebound of…【出现回升……】【The percentage of those who watched TV displayed a substantial rebound of 40% at 6:00 in the next morning.

看电视的比率在第二天早晨6点钟大幅度出现了回升。

小幅度的回升:a slight rebound

 

【学习2】

倍数

once一倍

twice两倍

threefold三倍

four times四倍

five times五倍

six times六倍

be threefold more than...【是......的三倍】

=be threefold as many/much as...【是......的三倍】(many指代可数名词/much指代不可数名词)

that of...【代词形式】

The percentage of audiences listening to the radio is threefold more than that of audiences who watched TV at 8:30.

that of 代替The percentage of

The American tourisms to UK were four times as many as those to France in the year of 2012.

在2012年到英国的美国旅客是到法国的4倍。

tourisms旅客【可数名词,所以用many】

The consumption of water used in farming was five times as much as that of the use of water in home in 2008.

在2008年农业用水的消费量是家庭用的5倍。

that of 代替The consumption of

The consumption of water used用水量的消费【不可数名词,所以用much】

be similar to...与...相似

The leisure time of full-time men and wemon was similar to that of part-time males and females in 2003.

在2003全职男女休闲时间与兼职的相似。

=be the same as...【与...相同

There was a lot similarities/differences between...and...

...与...之间有许多相似(不同)之处

There was a lot similarities between the percentage of radio audiences at 8:30   and that of television audiences at 10:30.

在八点钟收音机观众的比率与10点钟的之间有许多相似之处。

There was a lot similarities between the percentage of radio audiences at 8:30   and that of television audiences at 10:30.

在八点钟收音机观众的比率与10点钟的之间有许多相似之处。

A had something in common with B.

A与B有共同之处。

The percentage of radio audiences at 8:30 had something in common with that of television audiences at 10:30.

在八点钟收音机观众的比率与10点钟的有共同之处。

排名

ranked the first place排第一

ranked the second position

排第二

The consumption of Coke in the USA in 2003 ranked the first palce with approximately 50%.

2003年美国Coke的消费量排第一为,大约为50%。

=The consumption of Coke in the USA in 2003 occupied  approximately 50%,ranking the first place.

2003年美国Coke的消费量占50%,居于第一位。

=The consumption of Coke in the USA in 2003 occupied  approximately 50%,which ranked the first place.

2003年美国Coke的消费量占50%,居于第一位。

occupied过去式【原形】occupy

...be the largest【......是最大的】

...be the smallest【......是最小的】

...have/has/had the largest...【......有最大的......】

...have/has/had the smallest...【......有最小 的......】

There is/are/was/were a great change【有巨大的变化】

There is/are/was/were a big difference【区别很大】

结尾段

To sum up,...

总而言之,......

In summary,...

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